January 31, 1997
Sophia Alawi was (and presumably still is) a sales representative (or coordinator) of E.B. Villarosa & Partners Co., Ltd. of Davao City, a real estate and housing company. Ashari M. Alauya is the incumbent executive clerk of court of the 4th Judicial Shari’a District in Marawi City, They were classmates, and used to be friends.
It appears that through Alawi’s agency, a contract was executed for the purchase on installments by Alauya of one of the housing units belonging to the above mentioned firm (hereafter, simply Villarosa & Co.); and in connection therewith, a housing loan was also granted to Alauya by the National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation (NHMFC).
Not long afterwards, or more precisely on December 15, 1995, Alauya addressed a letter to the President of Villarosa & Co. advising of the termination of his contract with the company. He wrote:
. . I am formally and officially withdrawing from and notifying you of my intent to terminate the Contract/Agreement entered into between me and your company, as represented by your Sales Agent/Coordinator, SOPHIA ALAWI, of your company’s branch office here in Cagayan de Oro City, on the grounds that my consent was vitiated by gross misrepresentation, deceit, fraud, dishonesty and abuse of confidence by the aforesaid sales agent which made said contract void ab initio. Said sales agent acting in bad faith perpetrated such illegal and unauthorized acts which made said contract an Onerous Contract prejudicial to my rights and interests. He then proceeded to expound in considerable detail and quite acerbic language on the “grounds which could evidence the bad faith. deceit, fraud, misrepresentation, dishonesty and abuse of confidence by the unscrupulous sales agent . . .;” and closed with the plea that Villarosa & Co. “agree for the mutual rescission of our contract, even as I inform you that I categorically state on record that I am terminating the contract . . . I hope I do not have to resort to any legal action before said onerous and manipulated contract against my interest be annulled. I was actually fooled by your sales agent, hence the need to annul the controversial contract.”
Alauya sent a copy of the letter to the Vice-President of Villarosa & Co. at San Pedro, Gusa, Cagayan de Oro City. The envelope containing it, and which actually went through the post, bore no stamps. Instead at the right hand corner above the description of the addressee, the words, “Free Postage – PD 26,” had been typed.
On the same date, December 15, 1995, Alauya also wrote to Mr. Fermin T. Arzaga, Vice-President, Credit & Collection Group of the National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation (NHMFC) at Salcedo Village, Makati City, repudiating as fraudulent and void his contract with Villarosa & Co.; and asking for cancellation of his housing loan in connection therewith, which was payable from salary deductions at the rate of P4,338.00 a month. Among other things, he said:
. . . (T)hrough this written notice, I am terminating, as I hereby annul, cancel, rescind and voided, the “manipulated contract” entered into between me and the E.B. Villarosa & Partner Co., Ltd., as represented by its sales agent/coordinator, SOPHIA ALAWI, who maliciously and fraudulently manipulated said contract and unlawfully secured and pursued the housing loan without my authority and against my will. Thus, the contract itself is deemed to be void ab initio in view of the attending circumstances, that my consent was vitiated by misrepresentation, fraud, deceit, dishonesty, and abuse of confidence; and that there was no meeting of the minds between me and the swindling sales agent who concealed the real facts from me.
And, as in his letter to Villarosa & Co., he narrated in some detail what he took to be the anomalous actuations of Sophia Alawi.
Alauya wrote three other letters to Mr. Arzaga of the NHMFC, dated February 21, 1996, April 15, 1996, and May 3, 1996, in all of which, for the same reasons already cited, he insisted on the cancellation of his housing loan and discontinuance of deductions from his salary on account thereof. a He also wrote on January 18, 1996 to Ms. Corazon M. Ordoñez, Head of the Fiscal Management & Budget Office, and to the Chief, Finance Division, both of this Court, to stop deductions from his salary in relation to the loan in question, again asserting the anomalous manner by which he was allegedly duped into entering into the contracts by “the scheming sales agent.” b
The upshot was that in May, 1996, the NHMFC wrote to the Supreme Court requesting it to stop deductions on Alauya’s UHLP loan “effective May 1996.” and began negotiating with Villarosa & Co. ” for the buy-back of . . . (Alauya’s) mortgage. and . . the refund of . . (his) payments.” c
On learning of Alauya’s letter to Villarosa & Co. of December 15, 1995, Sophia Alawi filed with this Court a verified complaint dated January 25, 1996 ? to which she appended a copy of the letter, and of the above mentioned envelope bearing the typewritten words, “Free Postage – PD 26.” 1 In that complaint, she accused Alauya of:
1. “Imputation of malicious and libelous charges with no solid grounds through manifest ignorance and evident bad faith;”
2. “Causing undue injury to, and blemishing her honor and established reputation;”
3. “Unauthorized enjoyment of the privilege of free postage . . .;” and
4. Usurpation of the title of “attorney,” which only regular members of the Philippine Bar may properly use.
She deplored Alauya’s references to her as “unscrupulous swindler, forger, manipulator, etc.” without “even a bit of evidence to cloth (sic) his allegations with the essence of truth,” denouncing his imputations as irresponsible, “all concoctions, lies, baseless and coupled with manifest ignorance and evident bad faith,” and asserting that all her dealings with Alauya had been regular and completely transparent. She closed with the plea that Alauya “be dismissed from the senice, or be appropriately desciplined (sic) . . .”
The Court resolved to order Alauya to comment on the complaint, Conformably with established usage that notices of resolutions emanate from the corresponding Office of the Clerk of Court, the notice of resolution in this case was signed by Atty. Alfredo P. Marasigan, Assistant Division Clerk of Court. 2
Alauya first submitted a “Preliminary Comment” 3 in which he questioned the authority of Atty. Marasigan to require an explanation of him, this power pertaining, according to him, not to “a mere Asst. Div. Clerk of Court investigating an Executive Clerk of Court.” but only to the District Judge, the Court Administrator or the Chief Justice, and voiced the suspicion that the Resolution was the result of a “strong link” between Ms. Alawi and Atty. Marasigan’s office. He also averred that the complaint had no factual basis; Alawi was envious of him for being not only “the Executive Clerk of Court and ex-officio Provincial Sheriff and District Registrar.” but also “a scion of a Royal Family . . .” 4
In a subsequent letter to Atty. Marasigan, but this time in much less aggressive, even obsequious tones, 5 Alauya requested the former to give him a copy of the complaint in order that he might comment thereon. 6 He stated that his acts as clerk of court were done in good faith and within the confines of the law; and that Sophia Alawi, as sales agent of Villarosa & Co. had, by falsifying his signature, fraudulently bound him to a housing loan contract entailing monthly deductions of P4,333.10 from his salary.
And in his comment thereafter submitted under date of June 5, 1996, Alauya contended that it was he who had suffered “undue injury, mental anguish, sleepless nights, wounded feelings and untold financial suffering,” considering that in six months, a total of P26,028.60 had been deducted from his salary. 7 He declared that there was no basis for the complaint; in communicating with Villarosa & Co. he had merely acted in defense of his rights. He denied any abuse of the franking privilege, saying that he gave P20.00 plus transportation fare to a subordinate whom he entrusted with the mailing of certain letters; that the words: “Free Postage – PD 26,” were typewritten on the envelope by some other person, an averment corroborated by the affidavit of Absamen C. Domocao, Clerk IV (subscribed and sworn to before respondent himself, and attached to the comment as Annex J); 8 and as far as he knew, his subordinate mailed the letters with the use of the money he had given for postage, and if those letters were indeed mixed with the official mail of the court, this had occurred inadvertently and because of an honest mistake. 9
Alauya justified his use of the title, “attorney,” by the assertion that it is “lexically synonymous” with “Counsellors-at-law.” a title to which Shari’a lawyers have a rightful claim, adding that he prefers the title of “attorney” because “counsellor” is often mistaken for “councilor,” “konsehal” or the Maranao term “consial,” connoting a local legislator beholden to the mayor. Withal, he does not consider himself a lawyer.
He pleads for the Court’s compassion, alleging that what he did “is expected of any man unduly prejudiced and injured.” 10 He claims he was manipulated into reposing his trust in Alawi, a classmate and friend. 11 He was induced to sign a blank contract on Alawi’s assurance that she would show the completed document to him later for correction, but she had since avoided him; despite “numerous letters and follow-ups” he still does not know where the property ? subject of his supposed agreement with Alawi’s principal, Villarosa & Co. ? is situated; 12 He says Alawi somehow got his GSIS policy from his wife, and although she promised to return it the next day, she did not do so until after several months. He also claims that in connection with his contract with Villarosa & Co., Alawi forged his signature on such pertinent documents as those regarding the down payment, clearance, lay-out, receipt of the key of the house, salary deduction, none of which he ever saw. 13
Averring in fine that his acts in question were done without malice, Alauya prays for the dismissal of the complaint for lack of merit, it consisting of “fallacious, malicious and baseless allegations.” and complainant Alawi having come to the Court with unclean hands, her complicity in the fraudulent housing loan being apparent and demonstrable.
It may be mentioned that in contrast to his two (2) letters to Assistant Clerk of Court Marasigan (dated April 19, 1996 and April 22, 1996), and his two (2) earlier letters both dated December 15, 1996 ? all of which he signed as “Atty. Ashary M. Alauya” ? in his Comment of June 5, 1996, he does not use the title but refers to himself as “DATU ASHARY M. ALAUYA.”
The Court referred the case to the Office of the Court Administrator for evaluation, report and recommendation. 14
The first accusation against Alauya is that in his aforesaid letters, he made “malicious and libelous charges (against Alawi) with no solid grounds through manifest ignorance and evident bad faith, resulting in “undue injury to (her) and blemishing her honor and established reputation.” In those letters, Alauya had written inter alia that:
1) Alawi obtained his consent to the contracts in question “by gross misrepresentation, deceit, fraud, dishonesty and abuse of confidence;”
2) Alawi acted in bad faith and perpetrated . . . illegal and unauthorized acts . . . prejudicial to . . (his) rights and interests;”
3) Alawi was an “unscrupulous (and “swindling”) sales agent” who had fooled him by “deceit, fraud, misrepresentation, dishonesty and abuse of confidence;” and
4) Alawi had maliciously and fraudulently manipulated the contract with Villarosa & Co., and unlawfully secured and pursued the housing loan without . . (his) authority and against . . (his) will,” and “concealed the real facts . . .”
Alauya’s defense essentially is that in making these statements, he was merely acting in defense of his rights, and doing only what “is expected of any man unduly prejudiced and injured,” who had suffered “mental anguish, sleepless nights, wounded feelings and untold financial suffering, considering that in six months, a total of P26,028.60 had been deducted from his salary. 15
The Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees (RA 6713) inter alia enunciates the State policy of promoting a high standard of ethics and utmost responsibility in the public service. 16 Section 4 of the Code commands that “(p)ublic officials and employees . . at all times respect the rights of others, and . . refrain from doing acts contrary to law, good morals, good customs, public policy, public order, public safety and public interest.” 17 More than once has this Court emphasized that “the conduct and behavior of every official and employee of an agency involved in the administration of justice, from the presiding judge to the most junior clerk, should be circumscribed with the heavy burden of responsibility. Their conduct must at all times be characterized by, among others, strict propriety and decorum so as to earn and keep the respect of the public for the judiciary.” 18
Now, it does not appear to the Court consistent with good morals, good customs or public policy, or respect for the rights of others, to couch denunciations of acts believed ? however sincerely ? to be deceitful, fraudulent or malicious, in excessively intemperate, insulting or virulent language. Alauya is evidently convinced that he has a right of action against Sophia Alawi. The law requires that he exercise that right with propriety, without malice or vindictiveness, or undue harm to anyone; in a manner consistent with good morals, good customs, public policy, public order, supra; or otherwise stated, that he “act with justice, give everyone his due, and observe honesty and good
faith.” 19 Righteous indignation, or vindication of right cannot justify resort to vituperative language, or downright name-calling. As a member of the Shari’a Bar and an officer of a Court, Alawi is subject to a standard of conduct more stringent than for most other government workers. As a man of the law, he may not use language which is abusive, offensive, scandalous, menacing, or otherwise improper. 20 As a judicial employee, it is expected that he accord respect for the person and the rights of others at all times, and that his every act and word should be characterized by prudence, restraint, courtesy, dignity. His radical deviation from these salutary norms might perhaps be mitigated, but cannot be excused, by his strongly held conviction that he had been grievously wronged.
As regards Alauya’s use of the title of “Attorney,” this Court has already had occasion to declare that persons who pass the Shari’a Bar are not full-fledged members of the Philippine Bar, hence may only practice law before Shari’a courts. 21 While one who has been admitted to the Shari’a Bar, and one who has been admitted to the Philippine Bar, may both be considered “counsellors,” in the sense that they give counsel or advice in a professional capacity, only the latter is an “attorney.” The title of “attorney” is reserved to those who, having obtained the necessary degree in the study of law and successfully taken the Bar Examinations, have been admitted to the Integrated Bar of the Philippines and remain members thereof in good standing; and it is they only who are authorized to practice law in this jurisdiction.
Alauya says he does not wish to use the title, “counsellor” or “counsellor-at-law, ” because in his region, there are pejorative connotations to the term, or it is confusingly similar to that given to local legislators. The ratiocination, valid or not, is of no moment. His disinclination to use the title of “counsellor” does not warrant his use of the title of attorney.
Finally, respecting Alauya’s alleged unauthorized use of the franking privilege, 22 the record contains no evidence adequately establishing the accusation.
WHEREFORE, respondent Ashari M. Alauya is hereby REPRIMANDED for the use of excessively intemperate, insulting or virulent language, i.e., language unbecoming a judicial officer, and for usurping the title of attorney; and he is warned that any similar or other impropriety or misconduct in the future will be dealt with more severely.
Davide, Jr., Melo, Francisco and Panganiban, Jr., JJ., concur.
a Annexes B, B, B-1, B-3 of Alauya’s Comment dated June 5, 1996.
b Annexes F and G, id.
c Annex C-2, id.
1 Annexes A and A-1 of complaint; Rollo at p. 14; copies of the letter were also furnished the National Home Mortgage Finance Corporation, The Finance Management and Budget Office and-the Financial Division of the Supreme Court.
2 Resolution dated March 25, 1996.
3 Dated April 19, 1996.
4 Rollo at p. 23.
5 Evidently, he had since become aware of the immemorial practice that NOTICES (or communications informing) of Resolutions adopted by the Court En Banc or any of its three (3) Divisions are sent to the parties by and over the signature of the corresponding Clerk or Court or his Assistant, the Court’s Resolutions being incorporated verbatim in said notices.
6 Dated April 22, 1996.
7 Rollo at p. 28.
8 Id at p. 60.
9 id. at p. 32.
10 Id. at p. 34.
11 Id. at p. 35, et seq.
12 Id. at p. 35.
14 See Resolution of the Court en banc dated August 21, 1996; Rollo at p. 61 et seq.
15 SEE footnote No. 7, supra.
16 Policarpio v. Fortus, 248 SCRA 272, 275.
17 R.A. No. 6713. Section 11 of the same law punishes any violation of the Act with (1) a fine not exceeding the equivalent of six (6) months’ salary, or (2) suspension not exceeding one (1) year, or (3) removal, depending on the gravity of the offense, after due notice and hearing by the appropriate body or agency, and even if no criminal prosecution is instituted against him.
18 Apaga v. Ponce, 245 SCRA 233, 240, citing Callejo, Jr. v. Garcia, etc., 206 SCRA 491; Angeles v. Bantug, et al., 209 SCRA 413; Icasiano, Jr. v. Sandiganbayan, et al., 2109 SCRA 377; Medilo, et al. v. Asodisen, etc., 233 SCRA 68: SEE also Policarpio v. Fortus, 248 SCRA 272, 275.
19 Art. 19, Civil Code.
20 Rules 8.01 and 11.03 of the Code of Professional Responsibility, which should apply by analogy to Members of the Shari’a Bar. The Code also proscribes behavior in a scandalous manner to the discredit of the legal profession (Rule 7.03).
21 Resolution of the Court En Banc dated August 5, 1993 in Bar Matter No. 681, entitled “Petition to allow Shari’a lawyers to exercise their profession at the regular courts;.” SEE Rule 138 (secs. 1, 4), Rules of Court.
January 31, 1997
The parties agreed that we consider this case submitted for decision on the basis of the pleadings filed by them.
In its Memorandum, the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA), to which we referred this case for evaluation, report, and recommendation, summarized the antecedents in this case as follows:
In his earlier complaint, Atty. Del Callar charged respondent Judge Ignacio L. Salvador with serious misconduct and inefficiency (evident bad faith, bias, gross and deliberate ignorance of the law) and respondent Sheriff Angel L. Doroni, with gross misconduct, gross neglect of duty, dishonesty, inefficiency and incompetence in the performance of official duties, refusal to perform official duty and for conduct grossly prejudicial to the best interests of the service relative to Civil Case No. 4-92-13380 entitled “Eduardo Matillano vs. Vicar International Construction, Inc. and Carmelita v. Chaneco.”
In compliance with the marginal notes of now retired Court Administrator Ernani Cruz Pano, the complaint was referred to respondents for their comment and/or appropriate action. Considering then that the subject of the complaint is substantially the same as the matter (CA G.R. Sp. No. 37932) and the outcome therein may materially affect the complaint, Atty. Del Cellar was furnished copy of the comments and was advised to await the outcome of his petition filed at the Court of Appeals before resorting to administrative remedy.
CHARGES AGAINST RESPONDENT DEPUTY SHERIFF ANGEL L. DORONI
The administrative complaint against respondent Deputy Sheriff hinges on his alleged adamant refusal to comply with his ministerial and mandatory duties under Section 17, Rule 39, Revised Rules of Court, RE: proceedings where levied property is claimed by a third person.
Complainant alleges that his client, Mr. Reynaldo A. Lim, has been deprived of his right to use, enjoy and dispose his 1.9 million Toyota Land Cruiser which respondent seized under a writ of execution issued pursuant to a special order granting execution pending appeal on April 28, 1995. On the next working day, May 2, 1995, his client served upon respondent an affidavit of third party claim, copy furnished the plaintiff judgment creditor. Attached to the said affidavit are the registration certificates of the vehicle since 1992 up to the “current yearn 1995 in the name of his client and the “present” insurance policy covering the land cruiser. Despite this, respondent refused to comply with his duties under the aforecited rule and instead under his counter-affidavit filed in answer to a complaint filed with the Executive Judge of RTC, Quezon City, he explained that it was his “firm and honest conviction” that he should not release the vehicle to the third party claimant despite the absence of a bond from the attaching judgment creditor because of his own findings of facts and of his own observance of certain provisions of the Family Code and some Supreme Court decisions.
While herein complainant made mention of annexes attached in his letters, none however was attached therein when the same was submitted to this Office.
COMMENT OF RESPONDENT DEPUTY SHERIFF ANGEL L. DORONI
Respondent Deputy Sheriff in his comment avers that he was only complying with his duty when he enforced the “Order and Writ of Execution, Levy on Execution/Execution, all dated April 28, 1995,” in connection with Civil Case No. Q-92-13380, entitled “Eduardo Matillano vs. Vicar Construction, Incorporated and Carmelita Chaneco.”
Respondent claims that complainant and his client Reynaldo A. Lim made a perjurious statement that he was not furnished any receipt or copy of the Notice of Sheriff’s Sale and Notice of Levy on Execution/Attachment. According to respondent, the truth of the matter is that Lim refused to received [sic] the same and affix his signature on the receiving copy. Respondent alleges that although Lim may not have been a named defendant in the aforesaid case, his property is not exempt from or beyond the reach of the processes of the Honorable Court considering that he is the spouse of defendant Carmelita V. Chaneco, which he deliberately withheld. Respondent avers that in other instances like Civil Case No. Q-95-22855 filed with RTC, Quezon City, Lim represented himself as the spouse of defendant Carmelita V. Chaneco. Respondent adds that in a Motion to Withdraw as Counsel dated May 20, 1995 filed before RTC, Branch 77, Quezon City, defendant Carmelita no longer uses the previous name of “Carmelita V. Chaneco” but her spouse’s name. It is respondent’s contention that in view of these judicial admissions of Carmelita V. Lim, it is indubitable that the subject [vehicle] is a conjugal property of the Lim Spouses and that all arguments of Reynaldo A. Lim about his being a third party claimant are untenable, precisely because he is not a third party claimant. Respondent further contends that the subject vehicle is similarly owned by defendant Carmelita, notwithstanding that its title is in Reynaldo’s name.
Respondent alleges that upon receipt of the third-party claim, he immediately notified plaintiff Eduardo Matillano thereof and required him to file an indemnity bond, however, said plaintiff filed his Opposition to the third-party claim. Upon being furnished a copy of Lim’s letter of demand seeking the immediate return of the subject vehicle, respondent allegedly answered through a letter stating that he cannot release the said motor vehicle in question considering that there is a pending incident to be resolved by the court on the third-party claim unless he is ordered by the court to release the same upon ruling on the third-party claim. Finally, respondent states that it is his firm and honest conviction that the subject [vehicle] cannot just be released to Lim in the absence of a court order to that effect, otherwise, he would be:
1. contravening the Writ of Execution dated April 28, 1995;
2. violating the Order dated June 28, 1995 denying Carmelita Lim’s Motion to Set Aside Execution Pending Appeal;
3. violating the Order dated June 28, 1995 denying Reynaldo Lim’s Third-Party Claim; and
4. grossly violating his duties as a sheriff.
As a reaction to the comment submitted by respondent Doroni, complainant filed a Manifestation and Motion dated August 30, 1995 wherein the latter clarified that when the summons in the said civil case was received by defendant Carmelita V. Chaneco (nee Carmelita Villazor) in October 1992, she was then a widow and married Reynaldo A. Lim on September 1, 1994. Respondent Sheriff was allegedly informed of these facts because as a party respondent in the special proceedings before the Court of Appeals, he was duly furnished with a copy of the petition where the said information appears.
CHARGES AGAINST RESPONDENT JUDGE IGNACIO L. SALVADOR
The complaint against respondent Judge stems from his inaction on a motion to set aside the execution pending appeal which is based on two basic grounds namely: (a) the court had lost its jurisdiction over the case because the order granting execution pending appeal was issued two months after an earlier order giving due course to a perfected appeal; and (b) the special order granting execution pending appeal contains no good reason for the immediate implementation of the decision as required by Section 2 of Rule 39 of the Rules of Court. . . . Complainant manifests that by reason of the inaction of the respondent Judge, his client, Mr. Reynaldo A. Lim, has been deprived of his right to use, enjoy, possess and dispose his P1.9 million Toyota Land Cruiser which the Sheriff seized under a writ of execution which was issued pursuant to his (respondent) special order granting execution pending appeal.
Complainant recounts that under an order dated February 27, 1995, the court found the defendants’ appeal perfected on time and thus ordered the entire records of these aforesaid civil case to be forwarded to the Court of Appeals; that the records were not forwarded to the appellate court within the period laid down by law; that before the perfection of the appeal, plaintiff judgment creditor filed a motion for execution pending appeal; that on February 27, 1995 when the court records were ordered transmitted to the appellate court, the motion for execution pending appeal was also denied; that one month after the order to transmit the court records to the Court of Appeals, the court entertained a motion for reconsideration which was filed on March 27, 1995; and that on April 21, 1995 respondent issued his Special Order granting execution pending appeal without citing any good reason therefore and without even requiring the plaintiff judgment creditor to post a bond which he wanted to file.
Complainant alleges that in the Order dated June 20, 1995, respondent denied the motion to set aside execution pending appeal thus, a petition for certiorari, prohibition and mandamus, and/or preliminary injunction was filed with the Court of Appeals, docketed as CA.-G.R. SP. No. 37923.
COMMENT OF RESPONDENT JUDGE IGNACIO L. SALVADOR
In his comment, respondent Judge Ignacio L. Salvador presents the following arguments:
* highly compelling reasons have long been existing to warrant the grant of execution pending appeal
* the mere perfection of appeal does not deprive the trial court of its jurisdiction to issue execution pending appeal
* the trial court has inherent powers to avail of means necessary to carry its jurisdiction into effect
* the third-party claim by Reynaldo A. Lim has no factual and legal basis
* there was no bad faith in the actuations of respondent
* the instant complaint has become moot and academic
In the discussion of his arguments, respondent Judge avers that defendants in the aforementioned civil case (the clients of herein complainant) have admitted in their answer that the dump truck owned and registered in their name bumped other trucks which in turn smashed the dump truck of plaintiff; that it is only fair and just that defendants be ordered to immediately indemnify plaintiff for the damage he suffered as the case then has been pending for three years so that the purchasing power of the peso has undeniably declined; that plaintiff had manifested that he is willing, able and ready to put up a bond and had in fact posted a bond; and that defendants’ appeal is merely pro forma and manifestly taken the delay.
Respondent claims that his court still retained its jurisdiction to issue the writ of execution notwithstanding his two Orders dated February 27, 1995 denying the Motion for Execution Pending Appeal and ordering the elevation of the case records to the Court of Appeals. According to respondent, plaintiff received a copy of the decision on December 17, 1994 while defendant received theirs on December 16, 1994, the motion for execution pending appeal dated December 19, 1994 was filed on December 22, 1994, thus, his court had jurisdiction to issue the order of execution pending appeal. The auction sale made last April 7, 1995, respondent adds was merely a continuation of the said motion. Respondent cites the ruling in the case of Universal Far East Corporation vs. Court of Appeals, 131 SCRA 642, to support his actions to wit:
xxx xxx xxx
We hold that the trial court had jurisdiction to issue the order of motion for execution was filed before Ching had perfected his appeal and it was resolved before the trial court had acted on Ching’s appeal and elevated the record to the Appellate Court (see Section 23. Interim Rules). The execution pending appeal has to be apart of the records to be elevated to the Appellate Court. (Emphasis supplied).
xxx xxx xxx
To support his argument that the trial court has inherent powers to avail of the means necessary to carry its jurisdiction into effect, respondent cites Section 6, Rule 135 of the Rules of Court which provides:
Sec. 6. Means to carry jurisdiction into affect. ? When by law jurisdiction is conferred on a court or judicial officer, all auxiliary writs, processes and other means (necessary to carry it into effect may be employed] by such court or officer; and if the procedure to be followed in the exercise of such jurisdiction is not specifically pointed out by law or by these rules, any suitable process or mode of proceeding may be adopted which appears conformable to the spirit of said law or rules.
and the case of Eudela vs. Court of Appeals, 21I SCRA 546, which held:
The mere filing of a notice of appeal does not divest the trial court of its jurisdiction over the case. The court may still take cognizance of the other party’s motion for execution pending appeal, as in the instant case, provided such motion is filed within 15 days from notice of the decision of the said party.
xxx xxx xxx
Respondent’s averments in discussing his arguments that the third-party claim of Reynaldo A. Lim has no factual and legal basis is a mere reiteration of the comment submitted by respondent Deputy Sheriff Doroni.
Respondent maintains that his actuations is not tainted with bad faith thus he could not be held personally liable for damages thereafter resulting in the performance of official duty. Further, respondent states that since the acts sought to be restrained have been consummated, this complaint have become moot and academic.
A Petition for Certiorari; Prohibition and Mandamus with Prayer for Preliminary Injunction was filed before the Court of Appeals which assailed the Order dated April 21, 1995 of respondent Judge that granted [plaintiffs] motion for reconsideration of the Order dated February 27, 1995 denying the motion for execution pending appeal. The Court of Appeals in its Decision rendered on March 25, 1996 ruled that [the order granting] the motion for reconsideration, on account of which a writ of execution pending appeal was issued, was thus issued without or in excess of respondent Judge’s jurisdiction, thereby, ordering that the Order of April 21, 1995 and the proceedings arising therefrom [be] nullified and set aside.
The OCA agreed with the Court of Appeals that respondent Judge Salvador had already lost jurisdiction over the case when he reconsidered the 27 February 1995 Order denying the motion for execution pending appeal. It then recommended that he be fined in the amount of P5,000.00. As to respondent Deputy Sheriff Doroni, the OCA suggested that the charge against him be dismissed because he was merely complying with the orders issued to him, and he was not bound to release the levied property to the third-party claimant in the absence of a court order to that effect.
It is significant to note that in denying the plaintiff’s motion for execution pending appeal, the respondent Judge relied on Montelibano v. Bacolod-Murcia Co. 1 Thus:
The Honorable Supreme Court, in the case of Montelibano vs. Bacolod- Murcia Milling Co., Inc., 136 SCRA 294, has stated, thus:
A trial court can no longer grant a motion for execution pending appeal after the appeal has been perfected.
Had the respondent Judge read that case further, he would have found out that the reason why the trial court lost jurisdiction to issue an order of execution was that the motion was filed after the appeal had been perfected. This Court declared therein:
We hold that the Appellate Court acted correctly in holding that the motion for execution pending appeal was filed late. It should have been filed before the perfection of the appeal or within the fifteen-day period.
. . . It should be underscored that the motion was denied because the trial court had no more jurisdiction to grant execution pending appeal since the appeal of Bacolod-Murcia Milling was already perfected when the Montelibanos filed their motion.
In this case, the motion for execution was filed before the perfection of the appeal. The application of the ruling in Montelibano was, therefore, erroneous.
At any rate, on plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration, the respondent judge ordered the issuance of a writ of execution pending appeal; thus:
Submitted before this Court for resolution are the “Motion Reconsideration” as well as the “Opposition” thereto filed by the respective counsel.
After a careful evaluation of the “Motion for Reconsideration” and the “Opposition” thereto, the Court finds substantial arguments alleged in plaintiffs “Motion For Reconsideration” to warrant this Court to set aside its “Order” dated February 27, 1995 denying plaintiffs “Motion For Execution Pending Appeal.”
WHEREFORE, the “Motion for Reconsideration” is hereby granted and the “Ordered denying plaintiffs “Motion For Execution Pending Appeal” is ordered set aside.
ACCORDINGLY, let a “Writ of Execution Pending Appeal” be issued.
The respondent Judge now argues that since the plaintiff received a copy of the decision on the merits of the case on 17 December 1994 and filed the motion for execution pending appeal on 22 December 1994, his court still had jurisdiction to issue an order for immediate execution. To support his position, he cites Universal Far East Corp. v. Court of Appeal 2 and Eudela v. Court of
Appeal 3 where this Court held that a trial court has jurisdiction to issue an order granting execution pending appeal, provided that the motion for execution is filed before the perfection of the appeal.
True, the respondent Judge could still take cognizance of the motion for execution, since the same was seasonably filed. His jurisdiction to act on the motion continued until the matter was resolved. 4 The fact that he had already denied such motion did not divest him of that jurisdiction. He could still entertain, as he did, a timely motion for the reconsideration of his earlier order to enable him to correct mistakes, if there are any, without the intervention of a higher court.
The respondent Judge cannot, therefore, be faulted from taking cognizance of the motion for the reconsideration which was filed by the plaintiff twenty days after the receipt of the order denying immediate execution. Neither irregularity be ascribed to him in not requiring the movant to put up bond because bond is not an indispensable requisite for the granting of a writ of execution pending appeal. 5
The respondent Judge’s fault lies in his failure to state in his Special Order “good reasons” to justify the issuance of the writ of execution. This is in clear violation of Section 2, Rule 39 of the Rules of Court, which requires that there be a good reason for issuing a writ of execution pending appeal and that the good reason be stated in a special order.
As a judge, who is called upon to administer the law and apply it to the facts, he should be studious of the principles of law and diligent in endeavoring to ascertain the facts. 6 He should exhibit more than just a cursory acquaintance with the statutes and procedural rules. 7
Nevertheless, judges may not be held administratively responsible for every error or mistake in the performance of their duties; otherwise, that would make their position unbearable. To merit disciplinary sanction, the error or mistake must be gross or patent, malicious, deliberate, or in bad faith. In the absence of proof to the contrary, defective or erroneous decision or order is presumed to have been issued in good faith. 8
Since, in the instant case, the complainant failed to show that the actuation of the respondent Judge was attended by “bad faith, bias; or gross and deliberate ignorance of law,” the respondent Judge should merely be ADMONISHED for having failed to exercise due care in the performance of his adjudicatory functions.
As to respondent Deputy Sheriff Doroni, we agree with the OCA that he should not be made administratively liable for his acts
WHEREFORE, respondent Judge Ignacio I,. Salvador is hereby ADMONISHED for having failed to exercise that degree of care required of him in the performance of his judicial functions and prerogatives.
For lack of merit, the case against respondent Deputy Sheriff Angel L. Doroni is DISMISSED.
Narvasa, C.J., Melo, Francisco and Panganiban, JJ., concur.
1 136 SCRA 294 .
2 131 SCRA 642 [1984.]
3 211 SCRA 546 .
4 Edding v. COMELEC, 246 SCRA 502, 509  citing Cebu Contractors Consortium v. Court of Appeals, 216 SCRA 597, 601 .
5 II VICENTE J. FRANCISCO, The Revised Rules of Court in the Philippines 614 .
6 Canon 4, Canons of Judicial Ethics. See also Rule 3.02, Code of Judicial Conduct
7 RUBEN AGPALO, Legal Ethics 454 (4th ed, 1989] (hereinafter AGPALO), citing Daplas v. Arquiza, 99 SCRA 141 , and Ramirez v. Macandog, 144 SCRA 462 .
8 See AGPALO 470-471.
January 31, 1997
On February 15, 1996, fifteen (15) complainants 1 filed with the Office of the Court Administrator an administrative case against respondent JUDGE ISIDRO L. LEACHON, JR., Presiding Judge, Branch CCXXIV, Regional Trial Court of Quezon City, charging him with manifest partiality, knowingly rendering an unjust and oppressive order, and misconduct in connection with an injunction case (Civil Case No.Q-95-25779) pending before his sala.
The records show that on December 1, 1995, complainants filed with the RTC of Quezon City a complaint for injunction, 2 with prayer for a temporary restraining order, to enjoin defendants therein, Claudine Borlongan, et al., from summarily demolishing complainants’ houses. Their complaint was raffled to the sala of respondent judge.
Defendants filed their Opposition 3 to the issuance of a temporary restraining order, with motion to dismiss. Hearing on the issuance of the preliminary injunction was held on December 5, 1995. Three (3) days later or on December 8, 1995, respondent judge issued an Order 4 denying the preliminary injunction and dismissing the complaint. He further ordered the demolition of complainants’ houses but in deference to the Christmas season, he deferred its execution until January 1, 1996.
On December 12, 1995, complainants filed their Notice of Appeal. On December 13, 1995, the Court of Appeals gave due course to their appeal and directed the trial court to transmit the records of the case for review. On December 27, 1995, at about 7:00 p.m., the trial court’s sheriff served on complainants’ counsel a copy of defendant Borlongan’s motion 5 for execution pending appeal which was set for hearing on December 29, 1995, at 8:30 a.m. The motion did not comply with the three-day notice rule.
On December 28, 1995, complainants filed their Opposition to the Motion for Execution. They contended that respondent judge had lost jurisdiction over the case with the perfection of their appeal with the Court of Appeals. When complainants’ counsel presented the Opposition to respondent judge’s personnel, he was informed that respondent judge had already prepared an Order granting defendant’s motion for execution pending appeal.
Nonetheless, on December 29, 1995, the date set for hearing of defendants’ motion, complainants’ counsel appeared in court. . He was informed that respondent judge would not be arriving for the latter had already issued an
Order 6 of even date granting defendant’s motion. Complainants’ counsel was furnished the Order upon his demand.
Complainants then questioned respondent judge’s December 29, 1995 Order by certiorari to the Court of Appeals. On January 2, 1996, the Court of Appeals issued a TRO enjoining the implementation of said Order.
On January 24, 1996, a writ of execution 7 was issued by respondent judge’s officer-in-charge Rowena Camacho and was implemented on the same day without notice to complainants or their counsel.
On February 15, 1996, the Court of Appeals issued 8 finding that respondent judge gravely a Decision abused his discretion in issuing his December 29, 1995 Order and permanently enjoined defendants and respondent judge from implementing said Order.
On even date, complainants filed this administrative case against respondent judge for manifest partiality, knowingly rendering an unjust and oppressive order, and misconduct. Complainants also charged that respondent judge entertained litigants inside his office under suspicious circumstances. On March 7, 1996, the Office of the Court Administrator referred the case to this Court for appropriate action.
In compliance with the directive of this Court to answer the charges against him, respondent judge filed his Comment. 9 to justify his dismissal of the his Comment complaint for injunction, respondent judge cites two (2) previous cases involving the same lot which were decided with finality against herein complainants. He asserts thus:
In the course of the hearing, it surfaced and appeared from the pleadings and oral arguments of the parties that before the instant case was filed, two previous cases were filed by same herein plaintiffs against the Gaffud Family, former owner of the subject property, which touched and dealt on the right of the herein plaintiffs to stay on the subject property.
The first case was filed by the herein plaintiffs against the owners of the property docketed as Civil Case No. Q-89-1896, RTC, Branch 95, Quezon City, for the extension of lease and injunction, with prayer for (the) issuance of writ of preliminary injunction and damages where a Decision was rendered by Hon. Presiding Judge Aloysious Alday on December 11, 1990, the dispositive portion of which reads as follows:
Wherefore, judgment is hereby rendered: (a) extending for a period of eight months from finality of this Decision each of the respective leases of plaintiffs Priscilla Asia, Napoleon Dulay, Sr., Victor Puddao, Teody Venzon, and Claudio Villapa, Sr., over the subject premises; (b) denying and dismissing for lack of merit the rest of plaintiffs’ Amended Complaint and prayers, as well as private defendants’ counterclaim and prayers herein; (c) making permanent (the) writ of preliminary injunction heretofore issued insofar as it concerns plaintiffs Priscilla Asia, Napoleon Dulay, Sr., Victor Puddao, Teody Venzon and Claudio Villapa, Sr., and lifting said writ insofar as it concerns the rest of the plaintiffs herein; and ordering private defendants to pay the cost of (the) suit.
Th(is) Decision . . . was appealed by the herein plaintiffs to the Court of Appeals which dismissed the appeal . . . and also denied the Motion for Reconsideration . . .. On Petition for Review to the Supreme Court . . ., the Supreme Court affirmed the Decision of the Court of Appeals and the RTC Decision . . . in G.R. No. 120351.
It would appear therefore that only five (5) of the herein plaintiffs were granted extension of lease for eight months and the rest of 14 plaintiffs herein were declared by the Court to have no Contracts of Lease with the owners of the subject property, the Gaffud Family, and the Writ of Injunction denied and the Amended Complaint dismissed as against them in favor of the defendant owners of the subject property. The eight months extension granted the five (5) of the herein plaintiffs have long expired and they have not entered into new lease contracts with the subject owners to this date, neither have they paid rentals for their stay on the subject premises to stave off eviction.
In sum, all the herein 19 plaintiffs have not been paying rentals on the subject property which were admitted in open Court by herein plaintiffs thru their counsel, Atty. Antonio Inton, and being deforciant tenants, they are subject to eviction and their houses also demolished, pursuant to the Order of the defendant Quezon City government officials for violation of the National Building Code.
The second case filed by the herein plaintiffs against the former owners of the subject property was docketed as Civil Case No. Q-91-9681, Regional Trial Court, Branch 82, presided . . . by Honorable Salvador E. Ceguera. The second case which was for injunction to enjoin or restrain the intended demolition of the subject structures was likewise dismissed for violation of the Supreme Court Circular against forum shopping, the dispositive portion of which reads as follows:
In view of the foregoing, the plaintiffs are now applying before this Court for the issuance of a Writ of Preliminary Injunction or Restraining Order.
In view of the aforesaid case, plaintiffs applied for a writ of preliminary injunction against the said threats of demolition made by the private respondents. Now the plaintiffs are again praying for another writ of preliminary injunction also against the threats of demolition made by the private defendants on plaintiffs’ dwellings. . . . The Honorable Aloysius C. Alday already made a ruling on the prayer for relief before this Court. They are clearly forum shopping, in search of a Court which will be favorably disposed to granting the relief they seek. This cannot be countenanced . . .”
The third case filed by herein plaintiffs is the instant case which could be dismissed also outright for being violative of the Supreme Court Circular against Forum-Shopping and also because the cause of action herein has been barred by prior judgment. 10
Respondent judge further explained that although complainants had already perfected their appeal, he issued the questioned Order granting execution pending appeal, pursuant to Section 4, Rule 39 of the Rules of Court. Moreover, he did not require the defendants in said case to post a bond since complainants’ interests were sufficiently safeguarded for the latter could always go after the properties subject of the litigation should they win in their appeal before the Court of Appeals.
Respondent judge also clarified that when he received the January 2, 1996 Order of the Court of Appeals temporarily restraining him from executing his questioned Order, he did not allow the defendants in the injunction case to proceed with the scheduled demolition of complainants’ houses on that day.
On January 23, 1996, defendant Borlongan filed a motion to proceed with the eviction. Complainants Opposed and hearing thereon was set on January 24, 1996, as requested by complainants. However, complainants end their counsel failed to appear at the hearing of the motion. Thus, respondent judge issued an Order granting the motion for execution pending appeal since the 20-day period for the validity of the TRO already expired. On January 29, 1996, the demolition and eviction were completed and the subject property was turned over to defendant Borlongan.
As to the charge that he entertains litigants in his chambers under suspicious circumstances, respondent judge explained that the same has no basis for his office and that of his eleven (11) staff consists merely of a small room with an area of only about three by four meters. Given this cramped space, it is inconceivable how he could entertain said litigants “under suspicious circumstances” within the presence and hearing distance of his entire personnel.
Our evaluation of this case reveals that although the Court of Appeals found that respondent judge abused his discretion in issuing the questioned order, it was not satisfactorily shown that he acted in bad faith, with malice or in wilful disregard of a litigant’s right. As a matter of public policy, not every error or mistake of a judge in the performance of his official duties make him liable therefor. In the absence of fraud, dishonesty or corruption, the acts of a judge in his official capacity does not always amount to misconduct although such acts may be erroneous. A judge may not be disciplined for error of judgment unless there is proof that the error was made with a conscious and deliberate intent to do an injustice. Nevertheless, this is not to say that a judge need not observe due care in the performance of his functions.
In the case at bar, respondent judge, in ordering the dismissal of the complaint, relied on the final rulings of this Court and the Regional Trial Court in two (2) previous cases which essentially involved the same parties and dealt with the same subject matter. Believing in good faith that the third case filed before his sala is a mere reiteration of the same issues earlier laid to rest and resolved with finality by other courts, respondent judge ordered the dismissal of the complaint. Nevertheless, although his order granting the motion to dismiss was timely appealed by complainants to the Court of Appeals, respondent judge proceeded to issue an Order directing the execution of his appealed order, which eventually resulted in the demolition of complainants’ houses. On top of this, respondent judge did not require a bond to support defendant’s application for a writ of execution. Under the circumstances, respondent judge had lost jurisdiction to entertain the motion for execution after the perfection of the appeal and after the lower court had been ordered to transmit the records of the case to the appellate court for review. Needless to state, his precipitate action on the motion for execution resulted in legal complications and hardship on the part of complainants which merits the imposition of an administrative sanction.
As to the charge against respondent judge that he entertains litigants in his office under suspicious circumstances, the same is dismissed for lack of basis and merit.
IN VIEW WHEREOF, respondent JUDGE EMILIO L. LEACHON, JR. is reprimanded for continuing to act in Civil Case No. Q-95-25779 when he had lost jurisdiction over the case.
Regalado, Romero and Torres, Jr., JJ., concur.
Mendoza, J., took no part.
1 Namely: Ernesto Riego, Claudio Villapa, Sr., Teodoro Aba, Priscilla Asia, Tomasa Cipriano, Teody Venzon, Gaudencio Juan, Rafael Paclabare, Victor Puddao, Felicisimo Reyes, Ernesto Lopez, Leonides Rabasol, Pablito Semano, Remedios Dulay and Nenita Demetria.
2 Rollo, pp. 53-63.
3 Id., pp. 78-81.
4 Id., pp. 11-14.
5 Rollo, pp. 15-16.
6 Id., pp. 17-18.
7 Rollo, pp. 19-20.
8 Penned by Associate Justice Salome A. Montoya, and concurred in by Associate Justices Godardo A. Jacinto and Oswaldo D. Agcaoili; Rollo, pp. 33-38. This Decision became final when this Court resolved to declare the case terminated upon failure of Claudine Borlongan to appeal said decision within the period required by the Court; SC First Division Resolution, dated November 18, 1996, G.R. No. 125414.
9 Rollo, pp. 44-52.
10 Comment, pp. 2-4; Rollo, at pp. 45-47.
January 31, 1997
The complaint, filed on August 5, 1996, seeks the dismissal from the service of respondent judge on account of his dishonest and deceitful conduct when he was a practicing lawyer.
The complainant alleged, among others, that the respondent judge, then Atty. Salcedo, connived with his co-respondent, Atty. Agana, to cause the cancellation of a notice of lis pendens to the prejudice of his clients who had discharged him by then and replaced him with the complainant.
In its report dated September 6, 1996, the Office of the Court Administrator (OCA), made the observation that the instant complaint is a mere rehash of the complaint for disbarment docketed as AM. No. RTJ-95-1312 entitled, “Landless Farmers Tribal Development, Inc. represented by Helen Balani vs. Atty. Jesus Agana and Atty. Erasto Salcedo, now a Judge (of) RTC, Branch 31, Tagum Davao del Norte,” which We resolved to dismiss for utter lack of merit on May 15, 1995. AM. No. RTJ-95-1312, when endorsed to the Office of the Bar Confidant by OCA was recommended for dismissal on the ground of res judicata, with respect to Atty. Agana, considering that it involved the same subject matter, issues, and parties in Administrative Case No. 4040 which We already dismissed in our resolution dated October 13, 1993. As regards Atty. Salcedo, he had ceased to be under the jurisdiction of the Office of the Bar Confidant upon his appointment as Presiding Judge of RTC, Tagum, Davao del Norte, Branch 31. After OCA submitted its Memorandum relative to the complaint for disbarment against respondents Atty. Agana and Judge Salcedo, We dismissed AM. RTJ-95-1312 as aforementioned.
For a clearer picture, We restate the pertinent antecedents.
Administrative Case No. 4040 captioned “Helen C. Balani et. al. vs. Atty. Jesus V. Agana” was dismissed after respondent lawyer filed his comment since this Court found no prima facie case against him. Administrative Matter No. RTJ-95-1312, filed against Atty. Agana anew, with the respondent judge included as co-respondent, was dismissed in 1995 for utter lack of merit. Before us now is a complaint basically echoing the allegations in A.M. No. RTJ-95-1312 and filed against the same parties. However, unlike in the previous cases, Atty. Manuel Concepcion, who is Helen Balani’s counsel, appears to be the complainant in this case, not Helen Balani herself.
Applying the principle: “bar by former judgment”, We rule, once again, to dismiss the instant complaint. Quoted hereunder is the comparative study presented by the Office of the Court Administrator anent the complaint in AM. G.R. No. RTJ-95-1312 and the complaint under consideration:
Complaint in A.M. No. Instant complaint.
2. That Respondents Atty. JESUS 2. Respondent, Atty. Jesus Agana
AGANA has his law office at R & T has his law office at R&T Building, Taal-Building, Taal-Capistrano Sts., Cagayan Capistrano Sts., Cagayan de Oro City;
de Oro City; Atty. Erasto no a Atty. Erasto Salcedo Hon. Judge has his
Judge, has his office in the Regional office in the Regional Trial Court, Br. 31,
Trial Court, Br. 31, Tagum, Davao Tagum, Davao del Norte, where
del Norte, where summons and summons and processes of the
processes of the Court may Commission may be served;
3. That complainant is the President 3. Complainant is counsel for Helen of the Landless Farmers Tribal Balani, President of the Landless Farmers
Development, Inc., a duly organized Tribal Development, Inc. a duly
and registered non-stock corporation organized and registered non-stock corpo-
under the laws of the Republic of the ration under the laws of the Republic of
Philippines, whose members are the Philippines, whose members and
farmers of the national cultural farmers of the national cultural
minorities, who have occupied minorities, who have occupied, cultivated
and cultivated a public land, Lot 3047 and planted a public land, Lot 3047,
covering an area of two hundred (200) covering an area of 200 hundred hectares,
hectares, more or less, since early more or less, since early 1950s, pursuant
1950′s pursuant to Section 44 to Section 44 of the Public Land ACT;
of the Public Land Act;
4. That on July 22, 1981, a certain 4. On July 22, 1981, a certain
TIMOTEO QUIP without the TIMOTEO QUIP, without the
knowledge of the occupants in Lot knowledge of the occupants on said
3047, secured the decree of regis- public land, Lot 3047, secured the decree
tration on same, for which OCT of registration on same, for which the
No. 0-792 was issued and registered Register of Deeds, Cagayan de Oro City,
with the Register of Deeds, Cagayan issued OCT No. 0-792, copy of which
de Oro City, copy of which is attached is attached, hereto as ANNEX “A” on its
hereto as ANNEX “A;” application for Registration of Title is
attached hereto as ANNEX “B;”
5. That on May 11, 1982, respondent 5. On May 11, 1982, Helen
Atty. Erasto Salcedo, as counsel for Balani, head and leader of the
occupants in Lot 3047, seasonably cultural minority farmers, hired
caused the annotation of the notice Atty. Erasto Salcedo to cause the
of lis pendens, Petition for Review annotation of the notice of lis
on the decree of registration of OCT pendens, Entry No. 98909,
No. 0-792, pursuant to Section 332, Petition for Review on the decree
PD 1529, which appear encircled on of registration of OCT No. 0-792,
ANNEX “A” as ANNEX “A-1;” pursuant to Sec. 32, PD 1529,
which appear encircled as
6. That pursuant to an alleged Barter- 6. Despite the “notice of lis
Agreement Xavier University, Inc. pendens” Xavier University, Inc.
and TIMOTEO QUIP, TCT acquired the property, Lot 3047,
No. T-51944 was issued by the from Timoteo Quimpo, for which
Register of Deeds, Cagayan de Oro on March 25, 1988 TCT NO. T-
City on March 25, 1988, copy of 51944 and TCT No. T-51945 was
which is “B,” and the lis pendens issued by the Register of Deeds,
carried over, appear on ANNEX Cagayan de Oro City, copy of
“b-1;” TCT No. T-51944 is attached hereto as ANNEX “C;”
7. That respondent Atty. Erasto 7. On February 27, 1992,
Salcedo was discharged as counsel Helen Balani, et al., discontented
for occupants in Lot 3047, by and suspicious of Atty. Erasto
HELEN BALANI (Complainant) Salcedo, filed with the Court of
on February 27, 1992; Appeals a Motion to Discharge him, which the Court of Appeals granted pursuant to
Resolution dated 18 March 1992, copy of which is attached hereto as ANNEX “D;”
8. That on April 27, 1992, Xavier 8. On April 27, 1992, Atty.
University, Agana filed in Regional Jesus Agana, as counsel for
Trial Court, Br. 23, Cagayan de Xavier University, Inc., filed in
Oro City, a Petition for Cancellation the Regional Trial Court, Br. 23,
of Notice of Lis pendens annotated Cagayan de Oro City, a
on TCT No. T-51944, supported by PETITION for cancellation of the
a “PETITION” executed by praying notice of the lis pendens annotated
that said annotation on OCT No. on Xavier University, Inc. TCT
0-792 and subsequent TCT No. No. T-51944 and TCT No. 51945,
51944 and TCT No. 51945 be supported by a PETITION,
canceled, copy of which is attached executed by Atty. Erasto Salcedo
hereto as ANNEX “C;” without the knowledge of Helen Balani, Abundio Caballero, et al.
and not verified by them who cause(d) the annotation of the
notice of lis pendens on May 11,
1982. Copy of PETITION for
cancellation is attached hereto as
ANNEX “E,” unverified
PETITION executed by Atty.
Salcedo, as ANNEX “F”
9. That as a result on the strength 9. On the strength of the
of said “PETITION,” Regional unverified “PETITION”, its is
Trial Court, Br. 23 issued Order strange that the Regional Trial
dated June 11, 1992, copy of Court, Br. 23, granted the
which is attached hereto as ANNEX cancellation of the notice of lis
“D,” quoted hereunder; pendens, EX-PARTE, manifest in
the Order dated June 11, 1992,
copy of which is attached hereto
as ANNEX “G;”
“. . . . Hence, the entry of notice
of lis pendens on OCT No. 0-792,
under Entry No. 98909, which was
carried over to Transfer Certificate of
Title No. T-51944 and T-51945, with
latter titles being the products from the
old title, Original Certificate of Title No.
0-792, the same are hereby ordered
canceled. . . .
10. That on August 28, 1992, complainants [Note: This could not be re-
through counsel filed a Petition for alleged as said Petition for
Certiorari, docketed (as) CA-G.R. SP Certiorari was dismissed on
No. 28776, which presently is still August 14, 1994. A motion for
pending resolution with the COURT reconsideration of said decision
OF APPEALS, Ninth Division; dismissing the petition was denied
on February 24, 1995 as it was filed 33 days late. (Footnote No. 3, page 2, OCA Memorandum, Rollo, A.M. No. RTJ-95-13120]
11. That under the foregoing parag- 10. Based on the foregoing
raphs 5 and 8, Complainant paragraphs 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9,
charges Atty. Jesus Agana and Complainant charges: ?
Atty. Erasto Salcedo of wanton
falsehood, (and that they) connived, “Atty. Jesus Agana and Atty.
schemed and confederated to secure Erasto Salcedo connived, schemed
by deceitful means the cancellation of and collaborated to engage in
the notice of lis pendens on OCT 0-792, dishonest and deceitful conduct,
TCT No. T-51944 and TCT No. did not observe the rules of
T-51945, in absolute violation of the procedure and misuse them to
Code of Professional Responsibility, defeat the ends of justice, for
Rule 1.01, Rule 1.03, Rule 10.01, corrupt motive or interest
Rule 10.03, Rule 10.01, Rule 10.03, encourage the suit of proceeding,
and, their Oath of Office as attorney in violation of Rule 1.01, Rule
and member of the Bar, under the 1.03, Rule 10.01, Rule 10.03 of
following facts and circumstances: the Code of the Professional
Responsibility and their oath of office as attorney and member of the BAR, committed under the
following facts and circumstances:
11a. That Atty. Agana filed the Petition 10a. That Atty. Jesus Agana filed
for Cancellation of Notice of Lis the Petition for cancellation of
Pendens, fully aware that Xavier Notice of lis pendens, fully aware
University, Inc. has absolutely no the Xavier University, Inc. has no
legal capacity to sue knowing legal capacity to sue, knowing the
fully well the applicable Sec. 24 well-known Sec. 24 of Rule 14
of Rule 14 and Sec. 77 of PD 1529, of the Rules of Court, and Sec.
on the matter of cancellation of lis 77 of PD 1529, on the matter of
pendens, to wit: [sections copied cancellation of notice of lis
verbatim] pendens [sections copied verbatim]
111. (first part) That Atty. Erasto Salcedo
deceived and mislead the Court
that the Petition was in conformity
with Sec. 24, Rule 14 and Sec. 77,
PD 1529; knowingly did not observed
and (did) misuse the rule . . .
11b. That Atty. Jesus Agana knew that the 10b. Atty. Agana knew that the
adverse party contemplated in said adverse party contemplated in
Sec. 24 and Sec. 77 is TIMOTEO Sec. 24 and Sec. 77 is TIMOTEO
QUIMPO, who has the legal capacity QUIMPO, who has the legal
to sue and file the Petition for capacity to use (sic) and file the
Cancellation of Lis pendens; Petition for Cancellation of the
notice of lis pendens annotated on its OCT 0-792;
11c. That Atty. Jesus Agana knew that 10c. Atty. Jesus Agana knew the
Xavier University, Inc. who acquired well-known jurisprudence, that
the property aware of the notice of lis Xavier University, Inc., who
pendens annotated on OCT No. 0-792, acquired the property aware of
subjects its acquisition to the outcome the notice of lis pendens annotated
of the lis pendens; on OCT No. 0-792, a mere purchaser pendente lite, subjects
its acquisition to the eventuality of the Petition for Review (lis pendens), Xavier University, Inc. is not only estopped to file the
petition but also has no legal capacity to file the PETITION;
11d. That Atty. Jesus Agana served 10d. Atty. Jesus Agana served a
copy of the Petition for Cancellation copy of the petition for
on Atty. Erasto Salcedo, who, he cancellation on Atty. Erasto
very well knew was no longer counsel Salcedo, who, he very well knew
Abundio Caballero, et al., occupants was no longer counsel for Helen
of Lot 3047, having been discharged Balani Abundio Caballero, et al.,
by Complainant, the leader and the based on the Motion to Discharge
president of the Association; filed with the Court of Appeals
and granted pursuant to Resolution, copy of which is
attached hereto as ANNEX “D;”
11e. That Atty. Jesus Agana Jesus 10e. Atty. Jesus Agana knew that
Agana knew that the undersigned Complainant substituted Atty.
substituted Atty. Erasto Salcedo; Erasto Salcedo as counsel for Helen Balani, Abundio Caballero,
et al. (Pls. see ANNEX “E”) Regional Trial Court, Br. 23;
11f. That Atty. Jesus Agana, knowing 10f. Atty. Agana knew fully well
fully well that the lis pendens was that the petition for review (lis
on trial in Regional Trial court, Br. pendens) was on trial in Regional
18, filed surreptitiously the Petition Trial Court, Br. 18, yet
for Cancellation in Regional Trial surreptitiously filed the Petition in
Court, Br. 23, which he knew has Regional Trial Court, Br. 23,
no jurisdiction over the case; which he knew has no jurisdiction
over the case, in violation of Sec. 108 PD 1529, i.e., the petition
should be filed in the original case
in which the decree of registration was entered;
11g. That Atty. Jesus Agana, with corrupt 10g. Atty. Jesus Agana and Atty.
motive, deceitfully saw it that the Erasto Salcedo with corrupt
undersigned was not furnished with motive connived, schemed and
copy of the Petition for Cancellation; collaborated to see it that the herein Complainant would not be served copy of this PETITION (ANNEX “E”);
11h. That Atty. Jesus Agana and Atty. 10h. Atty. Jesus Agana and Atty.
Erasto Salcedo deceived and Erasto Salcedo deceived and
mislead the Regional Trial Court, mislead the Regional Trial Court,
Br. 23, to issue Order, ANNEX “D”, Br. 23, to issue Order (ANNEX
on the strength of the unverified “G”), on the strength of the null
PETITION; and void unverified PETITION
11i. That Atty. Erasto Salcedo’s knowing 10j. Atty. Erasto Salcedo, by
fully well that he was already executing the PETITION
discharged by Complainant on (ANNEX “G”) misrepresented
February 27, 1992 and no longer that he was the counsel for Helen
counsel for Abundio Caballero et al., Balani et al., knowing fully
executed the PETITION, ANNEX well that he was already
“D” on June 1, 1992 discharged as counsel
11j. That Atty. Erasto Salcedo’s allegation 10i. The allegation in the
in the said PETITION is wanton PETITION is (sic) wanton
falsehood, without factual and falsehood, knowing for a fact that
legal basis, knowing for a fact, that, the Petition of Review Helen
lis pendens, he caused to be Balani, Abundio Caballero, et al.
registered on May 11, 1982 was caused to be registered in May 11,
on trial in Regional Trial Court, Br. 1982 was on trial in Regional
18. Trial Court, Br. 18, which copy of
pleadings and order are attached
hereto as ANNEXES “H”, “H-1,” H-2,” (and) “G-3 (sic);
11k. That Atty. Erasto Salcedo in executing 101. Atty. Erasto Salcedo,
the PETITION misrepresented that discharged by Helen Balani,
he was still the counsel for Abundio Abundio Caballero, et al. in
Caballero, et al.; retaliation, connived, schemed
and confederated with Atty. Jesus
Agana that he execute the PETITION (ANNEX “F”) unverified by Helen Balani, et al.
and submit the same to him (Atty.
Agana) as supporting document to his PETITION (ANNEX “E”) ?
when in good fidelity and loyalty
to his former clients he should
111. (second part) That Atty. Erasto 10k. (first part) . . . Atty. Erasto
Salcedo . . . submitt(ed) the Salcedo, as counsel for Helen
Petition unverified by Abundio Balani, Abundio Caballero, et al.
Caballero, et al., the party who (who) seasonably cause(d) the
caused the lis pendens to be annotation of the notice of lis
registered; pendens . . .
11m. That Atty. Salcedo’s Petition, 10m. It is understood, the Order
in its entirely, is a wanton falsehood, (ANNEX “G”) granting the cance-
deceitful and mislead the Court to llation, was anchored on Atty. E.
to admit it as its key evidence in Salcedo’s null and void petition,
issuing the Order, ANNEX E,”, ANNEX “F;”
to cancel the notice of lis pendens;
11n. That Atty. Erasto Salcedo, for corrupt 10k. (second part On May 11,
motive forestalled and delayed 1992, Atty. Erasto Salcedo . . . for
the enforcement of the lis pendens corrupt motive delayed and
(Petition for Review) for duration of forestalled its prosecution for the
almost ten (10) years;” duration of ten (10) years, and
instead on June 1, 1992 executed
the PETITION for its cancellation.”
In the case of Nabus v. Court of Appeals (193 SCRA 732, 739 [1991), we have succinctly defined "bar by former judgment", to wit:
. . . (T)here is "bar by former judgment' when between the first case where the judgment was rendered, and the second case where such judgment is invoked, there is identity of parties, subject matter and cause of action. When the three identities are present, the judgment on the merits rendered in the first constitutes an absolute bar to the subsequent action. It is final as to the claim or demand in controversy, including the parties and those in privity with them, not only as to every matter which was offered and received to sustain or defeat the claim or demand, but as to any other admissible matter which might have been offered for that purpose. . . .
There is no question that the instant complaint presents the same subject matter regarding the alleged misconduct of the respondent judge when he was a practicing lawyer which We already dismissed in 1995. The fact that the present complaint is filed by Atty. Concepcion, not Helen Balani, does not remove it from the ambit of the legal concept "bar by former judgment" inasmuch as the requirement of identity of parties is satisfied even if the parties are not physically identical as long as they are substantially the same, i.e., there is privity between the parties (see Sunflower Umbrella Manufacturing Co. Inc. v. De Leon, 237 SCRA 153, 165 ). Neither does the fact that the mode of the complaint now seeks a dismissal rather than disbarment of the respondent judge preclude the application of the said rule inasmuch as “the test of identity of causes of action is not in the form of an action but on whether the same evidence would support and establish the former and the present causes of action.” (see Gutierrez v. Court of Appeals, 193 SCRA 437, 446  citing Sangalang v. Caparas, 151 SCRA 53 ). Considering that in A.M. No. RTJ-95-1312 and in this complaint, there is identity of parties, subject matter and causes of action, it is clear that our dismissal of the former case for utter lack of merit in 1995 bars another adjudication as regards the instant complaint. The complainant, being a lawyer, ought to remember that:
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The general rule precluding the litigation of material facts or questions which were in issue and adjudicated in former action are commonly applied to all matters essentially connected with the subject matter of the litigation. Thus, it extends to questions “necessarily involved in an issue, and necessarily adjudicated, or necessarily implied in the final judgment, although no specific finding may have been made in reference thereto and although such matters were directly referred to in the pleadings and were not actually or formally presented. Under this rule, if the record of the former trial shows that the judgment could not have been rendered without deciding the particular matter, it will be considered as having settled that matter as to all future actions between the parties, and if a judgment necessarily presupposes certain premises, they are as conclusive as the judgment itself. Reasons for the rule are that a judgment is an adjudication on all the matters which are essential to support it, and that every proposition assumed or decide by the court leading up to the final conclusion and upon which such conclusion is based is effectually passed upon as the ultimate question which is finally solved.” (Lopez v. Reyes, 76 SCRA 179, 186-187 ) (Citations omitted) (Emphases supplied). (Smith Bell and Company (Phils.), Inc. v. Court of Appeals, 197 SCRA 201, 210 ).
WHEREFORE, in view of all the foregoing, the instant complaint is DISMISSED for LACK OF MERIT and Atty. Manuel F. Concepcion is advised to be more solicitous in filing complaints of this nature to avoid a waste of this Court’s time and effort.
Padilla, Bellosillo, Vitug and Kapunan, JJ., concur.
January 31, 1997
In our decision in this case of 23 August 1996, we observed:
This Court, however, cannot end this case with the above pronouncement. If the neglect of duty by the respondent went on unnoticed for more than ten years, then her immediate superior, the clerk of court, must have to explain why he failed to call respondent’s attention to her nonfeasance in office. Clerks of courts are the administrative officers of courts and have, inter alia, control and supervision over all court records (Manual for Clerks of Court, 26, 32). They should then see to it that subordinates perform their functions well. Hence, the complainant in this case, Atty. Jesus N. Bandong, Clerk of Court VI, must be made to show cause why no disciplinary action should be taken against him for neglect of duty.
Accordingly, in the dispositive portion of the decision we required complainant Atty. Jesus N. Bandong “TO SHOW CAUSE . . . why he should not be disciplinarily dealt with for neglect of duty for his failure to supervise the performance of duty of respondent.”
In his two-page Compliance received by this Court on 27 September 1996, Atty. Jesus N. Bandong offered this two-paragraph explanation, which we quote verbatim:
Since his appointment as Deputy Clerk of Court, (CFI) Masbate, Masbate in 1976, then promoted as Acting Clerk of Court, RTC. Br. 49, Cataingan, Masbate under the Judiciary Reorganization Act in 1983, and presently Clerk of Court VI, RTC. Br. 49, Cataingan, Masbate, he had been exercising his duties, responsibilities and general supervision over his personnel with due deligence, efficiently and effectively. He reminded his personnel always of their duties and responsibilities as provided for in the Mannual for Clerk of Court and even to the extent of furnishing xerox copy of which is hereto attached, to be posted on their respective office table as guidelines in their daily and faithful performance of their duties and responsibilities. Apart from these, the Office of the Administrative Services furnished every Employees, upon assumption to duty, copies of the above-mentioned form (Position Description Form) to be filled up and signed by the employee concerned together with their immediate supervisor as condition precedent for faithful compliance of the condition stated therein.
These reminders were repeatedly explained to the employees in every conferences called by the Executive Judge, Hen. Henry B. Basilla. But despite such reminders, she, (Court interpreter) was remissed in Exercising her duties and responsibilities as provided for in the Mannual, and as mandated in the Position Description signed by her. It has been the belief of the undersigned that because of these reminders and conferences, she has been performing well in her function. Although sometimes, the undersigned was unable to forsee every details of her acts, due to the pressure of his works.
In compliance with the resolution of 21 October 1996, Atty. Jesus N. Bandong manifested on 18 November 1996 that he was submitting his case for resolution on the basis of his Explanation.
After due deliberation, we find the explanation plainly unsatisfactory, not because of the obvious haste in its preparation which accounted for its various errors in spelling and grammar, but because in its interstices lie the unwitting admission that he had not done enough to ensure that his subordinates performed their duties in a satisfactory and efficient manner as demanded by the public trust character of their office. Constant reminders to subordinates of their duties and responsibilities, the holding of conferences and the display on top of their office tables of photocopies of BC CSO Form No. 1 are inadequate compliance with the duty of supervision. A periodic assessment of their work and monitoring of their accomplishments are vital in supervision. These become necessary because Atty. Jesus N. Bandong, as clerk of court, has control and supervision over all court records (Manual for Clerks of Court, 26, 32). In short, it was his duty, from time to time, to check or verify if the Minutes in the cases before his Branch were prepared or accomplished. It could clearly be deduced from his Explanation that he had not done so in the cases where respondent Bella R. Ching had dismally failed in her duty to prepare the Minutes.
Atty. Jesus N. Bandong cannot then assume the stance of Pontius Pilate and cleanse himself of any culpability. His “discovery” of Bella R. Ching’s non-feasance was, ironically and unfortunately, a revelation of his own neglect of duty.
WHEREFORE, for neglect of duty, herein complainant ATTY. JESUS N. BANDONG is sentenced to pay a fine of Three Thousand Pesos (P3,000.00) payable within ten (10) days from notice of this Resolution. Let a copy of this resolution be attached to his personal record in the Office of the Administrative Services of this Court.
Narvasa, C.J., Melo, Francisco and Panganiban, JJ., concur.
January 31, 1997
Judges ought to be more learned than witty, more reverend than plausible, and more advised than confident. Above all things, integrity is their portion and proper virtue. 1
The eminent Francis Bacon wrote the foregoing exhortation some 400 years ago. Today, it is still relevant and quotable. By the nature of their functions, judges are revered as models of integrity, wisdom, decorum, competence and propriety. Human as they are, however, magistrates do have their own weaknesses, frailties, mistakes and even indiscretions. In the case before us, respondent Judge Esmeraldo G. Cantero was charged administratively in the twilight of his government service, as a result of a failed love affair that happened some 46 years ago. After an otherwise unblemished record, he would have reached the compulsory retirement age of 70 years on August 8, 1997 had death not intervened a few months ago on September 26, 1996. Notwithstanding his death, this Court still resolved to rule on this case, as it may affect his retirement benefits.
In a letter-complaint 2 dated November 10, 1993, Maria Apiag Cantero with her daughter Teresita A. Cantero Sacurom and son Glicerio A. Cantero charged the respondent, Judge Esmeraldo G. Cantero of the Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Pinamungajan-Aloquinsan, Cebu, with gross misconduct for allegedly having committed bigamy and falsification of public documents.
After receipt of the respondent’s Comment, the Court on February 5, 1996, referred this case 3 to Executive Judge Gualberto P. Delgado of the Regional Trial Court of Toledo City, Cebu for investigation, report and recommendation. The latter submitted his Report and Recommendation 4 dated July 26, 1996. Thereafter, the Court referred this case also to the Office of the Court Administrator 5 for evaluation, report and recommendation.
According to the complainants:
Sometime in August 11, 1947, defendant (should be respondent) and plaintiff (should be complainant) Maria Apiag, joined together in holy matrimony in marriage after having lived together as husband and wife wherein they begot a daughter who was born on June 19, 1947, whom they named: Teresita A. Cantero; and then on October 29, 1953, Glicerio A. Cantero was born. Thereafter, defendant left the conjugal home without any apparent cause, and leaving the plaintiff Maria Apiag to raise the two children with her meager income as a public school teacher at Hinundayan, Southern Leyte. Plaintiffs suffered a lot after defendant abandoned them for no reason whatsoever. For several years, defendant was never heard of and his whereabout unknown.
Few years ago, defendant surfaced at Hinundayan, Southern Leyte, whereupon, plaintiffs begged for support, however, they were ignored by defendant. . . . 6
On September 21, 1993, complainants, through Arty. Redentor G. Guyala, wrote a letter to respondent as follows:
Judge Esmeraldo Cantero
Dear Judge Cantero:
We are writing in behalf of your legal wife, Maria Apiag, and your two legitimate children by her, Teresita (Mrs. Sacurom) and Glicerio.
It appears that sometime in the 1950′s for reasons known only to you, you left your conjugal home at Hinundayan, Southern Leyte, and abandoned without any means of support your said wife and children. Since then and up to now, they have not seen or heard from you.
They would wish now that you do them right by living up to your duty as husband and father to them, particularly that expressly provided under Art. 68 and Art. 195 of the Family Code (Art. 109 and 195 of the Civil Code) in relation to Art. 203 of the same Code.
You will please consider this letter as a formal demand for maintenance and support for three of them, and a request that they be properly instituted and named as your compulsory heirs and legal beneficiaries in all legal documents now on file and to be filed with the Supreme Court and other agencies or offices as may be required under applicable laws, such as, the insurance (GSIS) and retirement laws.
We hope this matter can be amicably settled among you, your wife and children, without having to resort to judicial recourse.
Very truly yours,
(SGD.) REDENTOR G. GUYALA 7
The letter elicited no action or response from the respondent. Subsequently, complainants learned that respondent Judge had another family. In their own words,
. . . The plaintiffs later on learned that defendant has another wife by the name of Nieves C. Ygay, a Public School teacher from Tagao, Pinamungajan, Cebu. According to some documents obtained by plaintiffs, the herein defendant and Nieves C. Ygay have children of their own, named as follows with their date of births: Noralyn Y. Cantero ? May 19, 1968; Ellen Y. Cantero ? February 4, 1970; Erwin Y. Cantero ? April 29, 1979; Onofre Y. Cantero ? June 10, 1977; and Desirie Vic Y. Cantero ? December 2, 1981.
It was shocking to the senses that in all of the public documents required of defendant Judge Cantero to be filed with the Supreme Court such as his sworn statement of assets and liabilities, his personal data sheet (SC Form P. 001), income tax returns and his insurance policy with the Government Service Insurance System, defendant misrepresented himself as being married to Nieves C. Ygay, with whom he contracted a second marriage. The truth of the matter is that defendant is married to plaintiff Maria Apiag with whom they have two legitimate children, namely: Teresita A. Cantero and Glicerio A. Cantero. 8
The respondent Judge, in his Comment, explained his side as follows:
. . . I admit the existence and form of Annex “A” of the said complaint, but vehemently deny the validity of its due execution, for the truth of the matter is that such alleged marriage was only dramatized at the instance of our parents just to shot (sic) their wishes and purposes on the matter, without my consent freely given. As a matter of fact, I was only called by my parents to go home to our town at Hinundayan, Southern Leyte to attend party celebration of my sister’s birthday from Iligan City, without patently knowing I was made to appear (in) a certain drama marriage and we were forced to acknowledge our signatures appearing in the duly prepared marriage contract(.) That was 46 years ago when I was yet 20 years of age, and at my second year high school days. 9
Furthermore, Judge Cantero related that:
. . . sometime in the year 1947, when both respondent and complainant, Maria Apiag were still in their early age and in their second year high school days, they were engaged in a lovely affair which resulted to the pregnancy of the said complainant, and then and there gave birth to a child, named Teresita Apiag, having (been) born out of wedlock on June 19, 1947, now Mrs. Teresita Sacurom, one of the complainants. That in order to save name and shame, parents of both the respondent and the complainant came to an agreement to allow the respondent, and the complainant (to) get married in the (sic) name, but not to live together as husband, wife for being close relatives, thereby forcing the respondent to appear in a marriage affair where all the pertinent marriage papers were all ready (sic) prepared (sic), and duly signed by somebody; that after the said affair both respondent and the complainant immediately separated each other (sic) without living together as husband, and wife even for a day, nor having established a conjugal home. From that time respondent and the complainant have never met each other nor having (sic) communicated (with) each other for the last 40 years; that respondent continued his studies at Cebu City, and eventually became member of the Philippine Bar, having passed the bar examination in the year 1960, that is 14 years after the affair of 1947; that in 1964, respondent was first connected in the government service as Comelec Registrar of the Commission on Elections, assigned at Pinamungajan, Cebu(,) that is 16 years after the affair of 1947; that in the year 1982, respondent was appointed as CLAO lawyer, now PAO, of the Department of Justice, that is 35 years after the after the affair of 1947; and finally, on October 3, 1989, respondent was appointed to the Judiciary as Municipal Circuit Trial Judge (MCTC) of the Municipalities of Pinamungajan and Aloguinsan, province of Cebu, that is 42 years from August 11, 1947; that respondent is (sic) already 32 years in the government service up to the present time with more than 6 years in the Judiciary; that respondent is already 69 years old, having been born on August 8, 1927, and retirable by next year if God willing; that respondent has served in the government service for the last 32 years, faithfully, honestly and judiciously without any complaint whatsoever, except this instant case; that respondent as member of the Judiciary, has live-up (sic) to the standard required by the (sic) member (sic) of the bar and judiciary; that the charges against the respondent were all based or rooted from the incedent (sic) that happened on August 11, 1947 and no other; that the complainants are morally dishonest in filing the instant (case) just now, an elapsed (sic) of almost 42 years and knowing that respondent (is) retirable by next year, 1997; that this actuation is very suspicious, and intriguing;
xxx xxx xxx
That complainant Maria Apiag has been living together with another man during her public service as public school teacher and have begotten a child, name (sic) Manuel Apiag and respondent promised (sic) the Honorable Court to furnish a complete paper regarding this case in order to enlighten the Honorable (Court) that, he who seek (sic) justice must seek justice with cleab (sic) hand;
That respondent did not file any annullment (sic) or judicial declaration (of nullity) of the alleged marriage because it is the contention and honest belief, all the way, that the said marriage was void from the beginning, and as such nothing is to be voided or nullified, and to do so will be inconsistent with the stand of the respondent; that this instant case (was) simply filed for money consideration as reflected in their letter of demand; (t)hat as a matter of fact, respondent and the complainant have already signed a compromised (sic) agreement, copy of which hereto (sic) attached as Annex “1″, stating among other things that respondent will give a monthly allowance to Terecita (sic) Sacurom in the (amount) of P4,000.00 and the a complainant will withdraw their complaint from the Supreme Court., and that respondent had already given the said allowance for three consecutive months plus the amount of P5,000.00 for their Attorney to withdraw the case, and that respondent stop (sic) the monthly allowance until such time the complainant will actually withdraw the instant case, and without knowledge of the respondent, complainant proceeded (sic) their complaint after the elapsed (sic) of three (3) years. 10
Relevant portions of said compromise agreement which was executed sometime in March 1994 by Esmeraldo C. Cantero and Teresita C. Sacurom and witnessed by Maria Apiag and Leovegardo Sacurom are reproduced thus:
That this COMPROMISE AGREEMENT is executed and entered into by ESMERALDO C. CANTERO, of legal age, married, filipino, and with residence and postal address at Pinamungajan, Cebu, Philippines, otherwise called as the FIRST PARTY, and TERESITA C. SACUROM, also of legal age, married, Filipino, representing her mother and her brother, and a residence (sic) of 133-A J. Ramos Street, Caloocan City, after having duly swirn (sic) to in accordance with law do hereby depose and say:
1. That the First Party is presently a Municipal Circuit Trial Judge of Pinamungajan-Aloguinsan, Cebu, is charged by Second Party for Misconduct before the Office of the Court Administrator of the Supreme Court now pending action;
2. That the parties have came (sic) to agreement to have the said case settled amicably in the interest of family unity and reconciliation, and arrived at compromise agreement based on law of equity, as follows:
(a) That both parties have agreed voluntarily, the Second Party will get ONE FOURTH (1/4) of the retirement that the First will receive from the GSIS, and the rest of it will be for the First Party;
(b) That the Second Party and his brother will be included as one of the beneficiaries of the First Party, in case of death;
(c) That the Second party and his only brother will inherit the properties of the First party inherited from his parents;
(d) That the Second Party, representing her brother, is authorized to receive and collect P4,000.00, monthly out of the second check salary of the First Party (The second half salary only);
3. That it was further voluntarily agreed that the Second Party will cause the withdrawal and the outright dismissal of the said pending case filed by her and her mother;
4. That it was also agreed that the above agreement, shall never be effective and enforceable unless the said case will be withdrawn and dismiss (sic) from the Supreme Court, and said dismissal be received by the First Party, otherwise the above-agreement is void from the beginning; and the Second Party must desist from further claining (sic) and filing civil abd (sic) criminal liabilities.
5. That this agreement is executed voluntarily, in good faith, and in the interest of good will and reconciliation and both parties is (sic) duty bound to follow faithfully and religiously. 11
In line with the foregoing, the respondent wrote a letter dated 14 March, 1994 addressed to the Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) designating Teresita Cantero Sacurom and Glicerio Cantero as additional beneficiaries in his life insurance policy. 12
The respondent Judge formulated the following “issues”:
1. That the first marriage with the complainant, Maria Apiag on August 11, 1947 is void;
2. The absence of his first wife complainant Maria Apiag for more than seven (7) years raise the presumption that she is already dead, that there was no need for any judicial declaration;
3. The charge of Grave Misconduct is not applicable to him because assuming that he committed the offense, he was not yet a member of the judiciary;
4. The crime of Bigamy and Falsification had already prescribed;
5. The charges have no basis in fact and in law. 13
Report and Recommendation of
Investigating Judge and Court Administrator
Investigating Gualberto P. Delgado recommended in his report that:
After a careful perusal of the evidence submitted by the parties, this Office finds respondent Guilty of the crime of Grave Misconduct (Bigamy and Falsification of Public Documents) however, considering his length of service in the government, it is recommended that he be suspended for one (1) year without pay. 14
The Office of the Court Administrator also submitted its report 15 recommending respondent Judge’s dismissal, as follows:
After a careful review of all the documents on file in this case, we find no cogent reason to disturb the findings of the investigating judge.
Extant from the records of the case and as admitted by respondent, he was married to complainant Maria Apiag on August 11, 1947 and have (sic) two (2) children with her. Respondent’s contention that such marriage was in jest and assuming that it was valid, it has lost its validity on the ground that they never met again nor have communicated with each other for the last 40 years cannot be given a (sic) scant consideration. Respondent’s argument that he was not yet a lawyer, much more, a member of the bench when he contracted his first marriage with the complainant, is unavailing for having studied law and had become a member of the Bar in 1960, he knows that the marriage cannot be dissolved without a judicial declaration of death. Respondent’s second marriage with Nieves Ygay was therefore bigamous for it was contracted during the existence of a previous marriage.
We are likewise not persuaded by the assertion of the respondent that he cannot be held liable for misconduct on the ground that he was not yet a lawyer nor a judge when the act(s) complained of were committed. The infraction he committed continued from the time he became a lawyer in 1960 to the time he was appointed as a judge in October 23, 1989. This is a continuing offense (an unlawful act performed continuously or over and over again, Law Dictionary, Robert E. Rothenberg). He can therefore be held liable for his misdeeds.
On the charge of falsification, it was shown with clarity in his Personal Data Sheet for Judges, Sworn Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Networth, Income Tax Return (pp. 99-102, rollo), that he had committed a misrepresentation by stating therein that his spouse is Nieves Ygay and (had) eight (8) children (with her) which is far from (the) truth that his wife is Maria Apiag with whom he had two (2) children.
Aside from the admission, the untenable line of defense by the respondent presupposes the imposition of an administrative sanction for the charges filed against him. “A judge’s actuation of cohabiting with another when his marriage was still valid and subsisting ? his wife having been allegedly absent for four years only ? constitutes gross immoral conduct” (Abadilla vs. Tabiliran Jr., 249 SCRA 447). It is evident that respondent failed to meet the standard of moral fitness for membership in the legal profession. While deceit employed by respondent, existed prior to his appointment as a . . . Judge, his immoral and illegal act of cohabiting with . . . began and continued when he was already in the judiciary. A judge, in order to promote public confidence in the integrity and impartiality of the judiciary, must behave with propriety at all times, in the performance of his judicial duties and in his everyday life. These are judicial guidepost to (sic) self-evident to be overlooked. No position exacts a greater demand on moral righteousness and uprightness of an individual than a seat in the judiciary (Atienza vs. Brilliantes, Jr., 243 SCRA 32-33).
ACCORDINGLY, it is respectfully recommended that respondent judge be DISMISSED from the service with forfeiture of all leave and retirement benefits and with prejudice to reappointment in any branch, instrumentality or agency of the government, including government-owned and controlled corporations.
As earlier indicated, respondent Judge died on September 27, 1996 while this case was still being deliberated upon by this Court.
The Court’s Ruling
In spite of his death, this Court decided to resolve this case on the merits, in view of the foregoing recommendation of the OCA which, if affirmed by this Court, would mean forfeiture of the death and retirement benefits of the respondent.
Gross Misconduct Not Applicable
The misconduct imputed by the complainants against the judge comprises the following: abandonment of his first wife and children, failing to give support, marrying for the second time without having first obtained a judicial declaration of nullity of his first marriage, and falsification of public documents. Misconduct, as a ground for administrative action, has a specific meaning in law.
“Misconduct in office has definite and well understood legal meaning. By uniform legal definition, it is a misconduct such as affects his performance of his duties as an officer and not such only as affects his character as a private individual. In such cases, it has been said at all times, it is necessary to separate the character of man from the character of an officer. . . . It is settled that misconduct, misfeasance, or malfeasance warranting removal from office of an officer, must have direct relation to and be connected with the performance of official duties . . . .” More specifically, in Buenaventura vs. Benedicto, an administrative proceeding against a judge of the court of first instance, the present Chief justice defines misconduct as referring “to a transgression of some established and definite rule of action, more particularly unlawful behavior or gross negligence by the public officer.” That is to abide by the authoritative doctrine as set forth in the leading case of In re Horilleno, a decision penned by Justice Malcolm, which requires that in order for serious misconduct to be shown, there must be ‘reliable evidence showing that the judicial acts complained of were corrupt or inspired by an intention to violate the law or were in persistent disregard of well-known legal rules. 16
The acts imputed against respondent Judge Cantero clearly pertain to his personal life and have no direct relation to his judicial function. Neither do these misdeeds directly relate to the discharge of his official re-sponsibilities. Therefore, said acts cannot be deemed misconduct much less gross misconduct in office. For any of the aforementioned acts of Judge Cantero ” . . . (t)o warrant disciplinary action, the act of the judge must have a direct relation to the performance of his official duties. It is necessary to separate the character of the man from the character of the officer.” 17
Nullity of Prior Marriage
It is not disputed that respondent did not obtain a judicial declaration of nullity of his marriage to Maria Apiag prior to marrying Nieves C. Ygay. He argued however that the first marriage was void and that there was no need to have the same judicially declared void, pursuant to jurisprudence then prevailing. In the en banc case of Odayat vs. Amante, 18 complainant charged Amante, a clerk of court, with oppression, immorality and falsification of public document. The complainant Odayat alleged among others “. . . that respondent is cohabiting with one Beatriz Jornada, with whom he begot many children, even while his spouse Filomena Abella is still alive . . . .” In order to rebut the charge of immorality, Amante “. . . presented in evidence the certification (of the) . . . Local Civil Registrar . . . attesting that . . . Filomena Abella was married to one Eliseo Portales on February 16, 1948. Respondent’s contention is that his marriage with Filomena Abella was void ab initio, because of her previous marriage with said Eliseo Ponales.” This Court ruled that “Filomena Abella’s marriage with the respondent was void ab initio under Article 80  of the New Civil Code, and no judicial decree is necessary to establish the invalidity of void marriages.” 19
Now, per current jurisprudence, “a marriage though void still needs . . . a judicial declaration of such fact” 20 before any party thereto “can marry again; otherwise, the second marriage will also be void.” 21 This was expressly provided under Article 40 22 of the Family Code. However, the marriage of Judge Cantero to Nieves Ygay took place and all their children were born before the promulgation of Wiegel vs. Sempio-Diy and before the effectivity of the Family Code. Hence, the doctrine in Odayat vs. Amante applies in favor of respondent.
On the other hand, the charge of falsification will not prosper either because it is based on a finding of guilt in the bigamy charge, Since, as shown in the preceding discussion, the bigamy charge cannot stand, so too must the accusation of falsification fail. Furthermore, the respondent judge’s belief in good faith that his first marriage was void shows his lack of malice in filling up these public documents, a valid defense in a charge of falsification of public
document, 23 which must be appreciated in his favor.
Personal Conduct of a Judge
However, the absence of a finding of criminal liability on his part does not preclude this Court from finding him administratively liable for his indiscretion, which would have merited disciplinary action from this Court had death not intervened. In deciding this case, the Court emphasizes that “(t)he personal behavior of a judge, not only upon the bench but also in his everyday life, should be above reproach and free from the appearance of impropriety. He should maintain high ethical principles and sense of propriety without which he cannot presence the faith of the people in the judiciary, so indispensable in an orderly society. For the judicial office circumscribes the personal conduct of a judge and imposes a number of restrictions thereon, which he has to observe faithfully as the price he has to pay for accepting and occupying an exalted position in the administration of justice.” 24 It is against this standard that we must gauge the public and private life of Judge Cantero.
The conduct of the respondent judge in his personal life falls short of this standard because the record reveals he had two families. The record also shows that he did not attend to the needs, support and education of his children of his first marriage. Such is conduct unbecoming a trial magistrate. Thus, the late Judge Cantero “violated Canon 3 of the Canons of Judicial Ethics which mandates that ‘[a] judge’s official conduct should be free from the appearance of impropriety, and his personal behavior, not only upon the bench and in the performance of judicial duties, but also in his everyday life, should be beyond reproach,’ and Canon 2 of the Code of Judicial Conduct which provides that ‘[a] judge should avoid impropriety and the appearance of impropriety in all activities.’” 25
A Penalty of Suspension is Warranted
Finally, the Court also scrutinized the whole of respondent’s record. Other than this case, we found no trace of wrongdoing in the discharge of his judicial functions from the time of his appointment up to the filing of this administrative case, and has to all appearances lived up to the stringent standards embodied in the Code of Judicial Conduct. Considering his otherwise untarnished 32 years in government service, 26 this Court is inclined to treat him with leniency.
Man is not perfect. At one time or another, he may commit a mistake. But we should not look only at his sin. We should also consider the man’s sincerity in his repentance, his genuine effort at restitution and his eventual triumph in the reformation of his life.
This respondent should not be judged solely and finally by what took place some 46 years ago. He may have committed an indiscretion in the past. But having repented for it, such youthful mistake should not forever haunt him and should not totally destroy his career and render inutile his otherwise unblemished record. Indeed, it should not demolish completely what he built in his public life since then. Much less should it absolutely deprive him and/or his heirs of the rewards and fruits of his long and dedicated service in government. For these reasons, dismissal from service as recommended by the Office of the Court Administrator would be too harsh.
However, we also cannot just gloss over the fact that he was remiss in attending to the needs of his children of his first marriage ? children whose afiliation he did not deny. He neglected them and refused to support them until they came up with this administrative charge. For such conduct, this Court would have imposed a penalty. But in view of his death prior to the promulgation of this Decision, dismissal of the case is now in order.
WHEREFORE, premises considered, this case is hereby DISMISSED.
Narvasa, C.J., Davide, Jr., Melo and Francisco, JJ., concur.
1 Bacon, Francis (1561-1626), Essays: Of Judicature. See also Handbook for Judges, p. 276, The American Judicature Society, 1975.
2 Rollo, pp. 6-7.
3 Ibid., p. 21.
4 Ibid., pp. 138-143.
5 Ibid., p. 149.
6 Memorandum for Plaintiffs, pp. 2-3; Rollo, pp. 104-105.
7 Ibid, pp. 1-2; Rollo, pp. 103-104.
8 Ibid, pp. 2-3; Rollo, pp.104-105.
9 Comment for the Respondent, p. 1; Rollo, p. 13.
10 Memorandum for the Respondent, pp. 1-3; Rollo, pp. 52-54.
11 Rollo, p. 51.
12 Ibid, p. 115.
13 See Evaluation, Report, and Recommendation of the Office of the Court Administrator, p. 3; Rollo, p. 152.
14 Rollo, p. 143.
15 pp. 5-8; Rollo, pp. 154-156.
16 Amosco vs. Magro, 73 SCRA 107, pp. 108-109, September 30, 1976; citing Lacson vs. Roque, 92 Phil. 456, (1953), Buenaventura vs. Benedicto, 38 SCRA 71, March 27, 1971, and In re Impeachment of Horilleno, 43 Phil. 212, (1922).
17 Babatio vs. Tan, 157 SCRA 277, p. 280, January 22, 1988; citing Salcedo vs. Inting, 91 SCRA 19, June 29, 1979.
18 77 SCRA 338, June 2, 1977.
19 Odayat vs. Amante, 77 SCRA 338, 341, June 2, 1977.
20 Wiegel vs. Sempio-Diy, 143 SCRA 499, 501, August 19, 1986.
21 Sempio-Diy, Alicia V., The Family Code of the Philippines, p. 46, 1988.
22 “The absolute nullity of a previous marriage may be invoked for purposes of remarriage on the basis solely of a final judgment declaring such previous marriage void.”
23 Reyes, Luis B., Criminal Law, p. 211, Thirteenth Edition, 1993; citing People vs. Unico, et al., C.A., 56 O.G. 1681.
24 Agpalo, Ruben, Legal Ethics, p. 465, Fourth Edition, 1989; citing Canon 3, Canon of Judicial Ethics; Candia vs. Tagabucba, 79 SCRA 51, Sept. 12, 1977; Canon 1, Canons of Judicial Ethics; and Jugueta vs. Boncaros, 60 SCRA 27, Sept. 30, 1974.
25 Alfonso vs. Juanson, 228 SCRA 239, 254-255, December 7, 1993.
26 Except perhaps his occasional ungrammatical language and typographical errors.
January 31, 1997
In a sworn affidavit-complaint executed on November 18, 1992 Lewelyn S. Estreller charged respondent Sofronio Manatad, Jr., a married man, with disgraceful and immoral conduct in violation of the Civil Service Law. 1 The respondent is Court Interpreter I, Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Malitbog-Bontoc-Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte, whose conduct allegedly resulted in the birth of a child named Joahana Niña Salan, with respondent named as father and complainant as mother in the Certificate of Baptism. 2
The affidavit-complaint contained the following allegations:
xxx xxx xxx
1. That I am the lawful mother of Joahana Niña Salan, who was born on October 23, 1985, in Sogod District Hospital, Sogod, Southern Leyte (attached is a zerox copy of Certificate of Live Birth issued by the Local Civil Registrar of Sogod, Southern Leyte under Local Civil Registry No. 85-758 marked as appendix “A”);
2. That the true father of Joahana Niña Salan is Mr. Sofronio Manatad, Jr., who is presently employed as Court Interpreter I, of Malitbog Municipal Circuit Trial Court, Malitbog, Southern Leyte (attached is a zerox copy of Certificate of Baptism which was officiated by Rev. Father Lorenzo Suarez, Jr., Parish Priest of Sogod, Southern Leyte, marked as appendix “A”-1);
3. That Joahana Niña Salan was conceived by me when I was still single on February 1985;
4. That I met Mr. Sofronio Manatad, Jr. at San Isidro Community College, Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte on October 1984 for I was also enrolled in said college taking up BSEED course;
5. That as school mate he courted me and I accepted his proposal after he told me that he was single;
6. That because of his promised (sic) to marry me, I surrender my physical being to his desire, as a result I begotted Joahana Niña Salan;
7. That I only know that he was married when I was already conceiving;
8. That Mr. Sofronio Manatad, Jr. was already in the government service when he deceived me into believing that he was still single;
9. That I am charging Mr. Sofronio Manatad, Jr. of disgraceful and Immoral conduct as envisioned in the Civil Service Law and Rules;
xxx xxx xxx 3
Respondent, in his counter-affidavit, denied having courted complainant or that she did not know at the time that he was a married man. Nonetheless, he admitted that he was the father of her child named Joahana Niña Salan in her Certificate of Baptism. The counter-affidavit is reproduced hereunder.
xxx xxx xxx
1. That I was employed in the Office of the Municipal Circuit Trial Judge, 2nd Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Malitbog Tomas Oppus-Bontoc, Southern Leyte since November 2, 1978 and up to the present;
2. That within those years, I was studying in the Tomas Oppus Community College, San Isidro, Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte in an evening classes for the purpose of attaining profession,
3. That due to the affidavit-complaint filed by the complainant in the provincial resident ombudsman, Hen. Benvolio K. Bascug and was duly endorsed for action to the Office of the Ombudsman of the Visayas, the Hon. Antonio B. Yap, Graft Investigation Officer I, issued an Order duly noted by the Hon. Vicente Y. Varela, Jr. Director of the OMB Visayas, requiring the undersigned to submit my counter-affidavit;
4. That the allegations stated in paragraph (1) one and three (3) is admitted but the pars. two (2), four (4), five (5), six (6), seven (7), eight (8), nine (9) and ten (10) are being objected to and highly considered as pure lies and fabricated testimonies;
5. That the allegation stated in par. two (2) of the affidavit-complaint filed by Lewelyn S. Estreller thru the Resident Ombudsman to the good office of the Hon. Juan M. Hagad and to the good office of the Hon. Vicente Y. Varela, Jr., is vehemently denied by me considering that since we were confronted in the Office of the Barangay Captain of San Isidro, Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte, I never accepted and have explained scientifically that I am not the father of the said child even if the deceased barangay captain during such time applied a light threats against me that accordingly, if I am not going to amen something will happen to me badly;
6. That it is not true that I courted Lewelyn Salan Estreller during the time of our being classmates in few subjects as I could not do the same being known to be a married man by the public and whose residence is about four (4) kilometers away from San Isidro Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte, where she resides;
7. That it is a plain lie and very unbelievable to say that Lewelyn Salan Estreller did not know my status of being married considering that during our pre-acquaintances with and of all our classmates, we were made to introduce ourselves to the class as usually requested by the teachers and as a matter of fact, being member of the court will, tell to the students and faculty members the truths and honesty to them as an essence of being one of the standards of the community;
8. That years before our being classmates we were already schoolmates and it is only a matter of natural phenomenon that I, being the elected Prexy of the Student Body Council of that institution and that of being known by the public, that she could know my status of being married;
9. That it is also a plain lie and not true that I courted her and proposed her to a marriage because of the above-cited reasons and besides, my beautiful, loving and caring wife oftenly met me in the school carrying/bringing with her my snacks and dinner so that when going home, I have with her my companion;
10. That aside from being classmates, Lewelyn Salan Estreller has many classmates coming from our barrio and neighboring barangays;
11. That considering such facts, there runs the exact conclusions that Lewelyn Salan Estreller really is implying false and a fabricated statements;
12. That I realized that I was able to unexpectedly have a sexual intercourse with her but it happened not because I courted and proposed to have marriage with her but the same happened in one and only moment when I got drunk from a birthday party of our friend and have incidentally reached in blank mental sense that without the presence of my full consciousness that she brought me to the lodging house of my cousin which is her friend and lay down with me and declared the following morning that something that had happened between her and me;
13. That since such time I did no longer take a time to accede her invitations of any kind of party as people around told me that such woman accordingly has plenty of sweethearts and that her father and brothers are so brave and dangerous;
14. That I got worried to what had happened and I really could not forget that very unusual date and feel so uneasy counting the numbers of threats received by me from that woman that if I continued on having a gap with her, she will accordingly do something bad against me and my family which do I believed to be a sort of blackmailing;
15. That few months later, she, by letter, told me that she was pregnant and then told me to escape from my wife and abandon my job as she have the intention to go to another place with me but I refused and ultimately informed her father about her situation and then summoned me to appear to the office of the Barangay Captain;
16. That I was surprised and wonder that when she delivered the baby and to count the number of months since that happening between me and her, there was only six months that had passed and so therefore, I firmly concluded that I am not the real father of the said child;
17. That conclusively, when that unexpected sexual intercourse so happens, that woman was already pregnant with three months old fetus in her womb;
18. That I confronted her these matters and she asked forgiveness from me and told me that it was because of her much love and affection for me that causes her to do such things upon me;
19. That according to Lewelyn S. Estreller that when she was mauled by her father, the latter told her to mention my name as the one responsible for that pregnancy and that because she could not be able to resist the pain, there she, even with negative minds, have the second thoughts of admitting that I am the father of the child because the man which really has the responsibility escaped away;
20. That in such admission by Lewelyn S. Estreller her confessed mistakes was known by me and with that I got pity on her but have no intention of giving her support but because of the continuous attempt of her parents for my life, I was forced to give her support financially and in any other way for the child;
21. That after giving the first support in terms of money we have reached and garnered back our good relationship with the parents of Lewelyn S. Estreller because they are my friends prior to the unexpected happenings or tragedy;
22. That since then I was always inviting them that a blood test and a bloody types analization will be made in Cebu known Hospitals in order to confirm that I am not the father of the child but instead they all got angry with me again and vehemently refuses my request;
23. That in order to know the reality about the affidavit-complaint, I confronted her brother why they are again complaining against me and asked them whether they are not satisfied with the financial support and admitted thereto and to the second reason that they were only advised by third persons who, after my verification, are the people who are envious with my position now in the government being a court interpreter;
24. That I really could realized that nowadays, to comment, those people whose intentions are to always do good for the country and god are those people who are always going to be tortured mentally and socially persecuted by those evil people working in the government who don’t want for good deeds;
25. That in one way or another, it is my honest belief that this affidavit-complaint filed and executed by Lewelyn Salan Estreller was being made not because of her lone desire but because of being influenced by evil motives of third persons who by way of secret surveillance have concerted for my downfall;
26. That I executed this counter-affidavit with prayers that this should be given due considerations and to request heartfully the Hon. Director and his deputies to consider the affidavit-complaint to have no more force and effect. 4
The case was referred for investigation, report and recommendation to Executive Judge Leandro T. Loyao, Jr. of the Regional Trial Court, Branch 24, Maasin, Southern Leyte.
Hearing was initially set for July 13, 1994, but was repeatedly postponed for various reasons until August 18, 1994, when the parties finally appeared. Complainant Estreller was represented by her counsel, Atty. Rogelio Gabucan of the PAO, while respondent Manatad, Jr. manifested that he was appearing for and in his behalf, waiving his constitutional right to be assisted by a counsel of his choice. He asserted that he was ready to proceed with the investigation without the assistance of a lawyer.
Complainant, instead of presenting her witnesses, submitted her Motion to Withdraw Complaint dated August 18, 1994. Complainant manifested that by reason of her filing the motion to withdraw complaint, she was no longer presenting her evidence, documentary or testimonial, in support of her affidavit-complaint dated November 18, 1992 against the respondent. Complainant had this to say in her motion:
xxx xxx xxx
4. lately, after soul-searching deliberations and considerations of the circumstances surrounding instant case, I have come to entertain doubts as to the responsibility of herein respondent for the administrative charge filed herein against him, coupled with the fact that my witnesses have turned hostile to my cause and presently they are nowhere to be found without leaving any known address;
5. moreover, I am now a married woman where my concern to my own family is paramount and more important than the further prosecution of this case, as a result of which I have lost interest in pursuing this administrative matter against the herein respondent;
xxx xxx xxx 5
Respondent, on the other hand, also manifested that he had no objection to the motion to withdraw the complaint against him, and that by reason thereof, he was also foregoing and waiving the presentation of his evidence that would substantiate his counter-affidavit dated January 21, 1993.
Both parties agreed to formally terminate the investigation and submit the case for the resolution of the investigating Judge. On the basis of records and relevant documents appended thereto, the investigating Judge found respondent to have committed the administrative offense charged against him. However, said Judge, taking into consideration the fact that the complainant had withdrawn her complaint which was considered a “mitigation of sorts,” 6 recommended that:
. . . respondent be only found guilty of a lesser offense of disgraceful, immoral conduct prior to entering the service and be meted an administrative reprimand (Sec. 22(e) 3rd paragraph, Rule XIV, Omnibus Rules Implementing Book V, EO #292) with a warning that a repetition of the same or similar acts shall be dealt with more severely. 7
The Office of the Court Administrator in its memorandum agreed with the findings of the investigating Judge, but recommended a stiffer penalty, that of a fine of Two Thousand (P2,000.00) Pesos with a warning that a repetition of the same offense will be dealt with more severely.
The Court agrees with the findings of both the investigating Judge and the Office of the Court Administrator that respondent indeed displayed immoral conduct and committed a disgraceful act.
It must, however, be noted that the withdrawal of the complaint does not have the legal effect of exonerating the respondent from administrative disciplinary action. A complaint for misconduct, malfeasance or misfeasance against a public officer or employee can not just be withdrawn at any time by the complainant because there is a need to maintain the faith and confidence of the people in the government and its agencies and instrumentalities. Proceedings in such case should not be made to depend on the whims and caprices of the complainants who are in a real sense, the only witness therein. 8 In fact the Court does not look with favor the affidavit of retraction especially when it is executed as an afterthought. 9 As held in Castillo v. Calanog, Jr. 10
It would be a dangerous rule for courts to reject testimonies solemnly taken before the courts of justice simply because the witnesses who had given them later on changed their mind for one reason or another; for such rule would make solemn trials a mockery and place the investigation of truth at the mercy of unscrupulous witness.
From the allegations in the affidavit-complaint and from the clear categorical admissions in respondent’s counter-affidavit there is sufficient basis for this Court’s sanctions, to wit:
12. That I realized that I was able to unexpectedly have [a] (sic) sexual intercourse with her but it happened not because I courted and proposed to have marriage with her but the same happened in one and only moment when I got drunk from a birthday party of our friend and have incidentally reached in blank mental sense that without the presence of my full consciousness that she brought me to the lodging house of my cousin which is her friend and lay down with me and declared the following morning that something had happened between her and me.
Moreover, in said counter-affidavit, particularly paragraphs 6, 7, and 8, respondent likewise admitted his status as a married man during the time he befriended complainant and became complainant’s classmate in school, to wit:
6. That it is not true that I courted Lewelyn Salan Estreller during the time of our being classmates in few subjects as I could not do the same being known to be a married man by the public and whose residence is about four (4) kilometers away from San Isidro Tomas Oppus, Southern Leyte, where she resides;
7. That it is a plain lie and very unbelievable to say that Lewelyn Salan Estreller did not know my status of being married considering that during our pre-acquaintances with and of all our classmates, we were made to introduce ourselves to the class as usually requested by the teachers and as a matter of fact, being member of the court will, tell to the students and faculty members the truths and honesty to them as an essence of being one of the standards of the community;
8. That years before our being a classmate we were already schoolmates and it is only a matter of natural phenomenon that I, being the elected Prexy of the Student Body Council of that institution and that of being known by the public, that she could know my status of being married. 11
The fact that respondent had sexual intercourse with complainant without first having courted her does not constitute a defense. Neither can we consider the argument that he never concealed his status of being a married man to the complainant so it was only the latter who should be faulted for her own predicament. If anything, such statements reveal an infantile egotism and an unmitigated chauvinism in the man. His conduct was certainly disgraceful. Respondent was a married man and already a court employee at the time he had a sexual relationship with complainant.
It must be emphasized that every employee of the judiciary should be an example of integrity, uprightness and honesty. Like any public servant, he must exhibit the highest sense of honesty and integrity not only in the performance of his official duties but in his personal and private dealings with other people, to preserve the court’s good name and standing. 12 We take this occasion to state that:
(T)he image of a court of justice is necessarily mirrored in the conduct, official or otherwise, of the men and women who work thereat, from the judge to the least and lowest of its personnel ? hence, it becomes the imperative sacred duty of each and every one in the court to maintain its good name and standing as a true temple of justice. 13
Notwithstanding the affidavit of desistance, respondent’s conduct diminished the confidence reposed by the public in the judiciary which was his foremost duty to protect as a public servant. This careless deportment cannot and should not pass sans sanctions from the Court. The penalty recommended by the Office of the Court Administrator is in order.
WHEREFORE, we find respondent guilty of disgraceful, immoral conduct and hereby impose a fine of P2,000.00 with a warning that a repetition of the same or similar acts shall be dealt with more severely.
Padilla, Bellosillo, Vitug and Hermosisima, Jr., JJ., concur.
1 Rollo, p. 7.
2 Id., at 75.
3 Id., at 7.
4 Id., at 12-14.
5 Id., at 63.
6 Id., at 78.
8 See Florendo v. Enrile, 239 SCRA 22 (1994).
9 People v. Romero, 224 SCRA 749 (1993); People v. Joya, 227 SCRA 9 (1993).
10 199 SCRA 75 (1991).
11 Rollo, p. 77.
12 Paredes v. Padua, 222 SCRA 881 (1993).
13 Danilo M. Sy v. Isabelita M. Cruz, 250 SCRA 639 (1995).
January 30, 1997
CONCERNED CITIZENS OF LAOAG CITY, complainants,
BIENVENIDO ARZAGA and ALFREDO MAURICIO, respondents.
PER CURIAM:This administrative matter arose from two (2) anonymous letters, one dated April 21, 1994 addressed to Judge Federico A. Llanes, MTCC, Branch I, Laoag City and the other dated April 27, 1994 addressed to Judge Manuel B. Fernandez, Jr., RTC Branch 13, Laoag City, charging Bienvenido Arzaga and Alfredo Mauricio, both process servers of the Office of the Clerk of Court, MTCC, Laoag City, with influence peddling, drunkenness, gambling, bribery, extortion and manipulation of bonds using the same property for different cases.
This administrative matter arose from two (2) anonymous letters, one dated April 21, 1994 addressed to Judge Federico A. Llanes, MTCC, Branch I, Laoag City and the other dated April 27, 1994 addressed to Judge Manuel B. Fernandez, Jr., RTC Branch 13, Laoag City, charging Bienvenido Arzaga and Alfredo Mauricio, both process servers of the Office of the Clerk of Court, MTCC, Laoag City, with influence peddling, drunkenness, gambling, bribery, extortion and manipulation of bonds using the same property for different cases.
On June 22, 1994, Judge Llanes forwarded the said letters, together with the respondents’ comments, to the Office of the Court Administrator.
In a resolution dated September 19, 1994, this Court referred the matter Executive Judge Wenceslao Agnir, RTC, Laoag City, for investigation, report and recommendation.
In his investigation report dated December 16, 1994, Judge Agnir stated, among others, that both respondents had submitted their written comments denying the charges; that upon receipt of the complaint, he requested the local media to announce to the public that anyone who had evidence against the two respondents could seem him; that however, after two months of waiting, nobody came forward to offer any evidence against respondents; that he also interviewed the employees of the City Court to verify the truth of the charges against the respondents, but he obtained no information to give credence to said charges.
Judge Agnir, however, reported that he received a certification from the City Prosecutor’s Office of Laoag City, to the effect that Alfredo Mauricio was convicted of Frustrated Murder on September 29, 1983 in Criminal Case No. 1260-XIII, but was placed on probation. Alfredo Mauricio had also been charged with eleven (11) other criminal cases like illegal Possession of Firearms. Grave Slander by Deed, Grave Threats, Serious Physical Injuries, but all of these had been dismissed.
Judge Agnir made no definite recommendation in his report, except to say that he was leaving it to the Court Administrator to determine whether on the basis of “such criminal record, Alfredo ‘Boy’ Mauricio deserves to stay in the service of the Judiciary.”
On February 1, 1995, this Court referred the Investigation Report of Judge Agnir to the Office of the Court Administrator for evaluation, report and recommendation. Accordingly, the Office of the Court Administrator submitted a memorandum to this Court recommending that the charges against the two respondents be dismissed for lack of merit.
After a careful examination of the recommendation of the Office of the Court Administrator, this Court on May 29, 1995, resolved to dismiss the charges against Benjamin Arzaga as recommended but referred the case against Alfredo Mauricio to Judge Agnir for further investigation relative to how said respondent managed to be appointed to the position of process server despite a previous record of conviction of the crime of frustrated murder Judge Agnir was likewise directed to conduct an inquiry on whether said respondent made untruthful statements in his application by suppressing the fact of his conviction as well as other criminal charges filed against him through subsequently dismissed.
In compliance with the aforementioned resolution, Judge Agnir submitted his second investigation report dated July 21, 1995. In his report, Judge Agnir narrated that respondent Mauricio joined the judiciary on October 4, 1990 as Utility Worker I of MTCC, Branch 2, Laoag City, His commission was signed by then Court Administrator Meynardo A. Tiro and certified by Chief Administrative Officer Adelaida Cabe-Baumann upon recommendation of Judge Manuel B. Fernandez, Jr., then presiding judge of Branch 2, RTC, Laoag City. On May 5, 1992, respondent was promoted to the position of process server of the Office of the Clerk of Court, MTCC, Laoag City. His commission was signed by Romeo P. de Leon in behalf of Adelaida Cabe-Baumann.
Judge Agnir further narrated respondent disclosed his conviction of the crime of frustrated murder and that he was on probation for the same in his application. When respondent was asked by Judge Agnir why he did not indicate that other criminal charges were filed against him, he replied that the question in the application form simply asked for conviction, not mere charges.
The Second Investigation Report also mentioned the name of two (2) persons from whom respondent Mauricio allegedly asked favors using the name Judge Fernandez. The first was Jimmy Lao, a realtor-businessman of Laoag City who told Judge Agnir that the two (2) years earlier when he had a case pending before the sala of Judge Fernandez, respondent Mauricio approached him and asked for two (2) tires allegedly for the car of Judge Fernandez. Mr. Lao said that when he went to verify the request, he was not able to talk to Judge Fernandez but a court staff member told him that Judge Fernandez was not in the habit of asking favors from litigants and that in all probability, the tire were intended for Mauricio’s owner-type jeep which was then in the process of being assembled. When he confronted Mauricio about it, the latter told him that he (Mauricio) was only joking.
The second interviewee was German Reantillo, administrative officer of the City Engineer’s Office of Laoag City who confirmed that sometime ago he gave Mauricio thirty (30) liters of gasoline on the respondent’s representation that this was for Judge Fernandez; that sometime later he had the occasion to mention the matter to Judge Fernandez who denied that he authorized Mauricio to ask gasoline in his behalf.
Both Lao and Reantillo however refused to be placed under oath or to reduce their statements in writing because they did not wish to be involved in a formal investigation where they would have to be confronted by respondent Furthermore Lao said he did not wish to incur the ire of the respondent and that anyway he did not give Mauricio the tires.
On July 17, 1995, Judge Agnir called respondent Mauricio to another hearing and confronted him with these new charges Respondent denied them as expected.
Judge Agnir further claimed that respondent is known to be a troublesome fellow. MTC Judge Llanes even had to file an administrative case against respondent for serious misconduct and insubordination.
Judge Agnir then strongly recommended the immediate and summary dismissal from the service of respondent Mauricio for being the “ultimate undesirable employee and a disgrace to the judiciary” 1 He added that he was recommending this course of action aware of the potential danger to his person given respondent’s violent nature as documented by his criminal record Judge Agnir was “hopeful though that the respondent’s summary dismissal will send a chilling message to other court employees similarly engaged in nefarious activities and unethical practices which though petty in many instances indelibly stain the image of the judiciary.” 2
Thereafter, the case was referred to the Office of the Court Administrator for evaluation, report and recommendation.
The Deputy Court Administrator to whom the case was assigned for review submitted the following observations, viz.
A careful scrutiny of the 201 File of respondent Mauricio shows that he joined the judiciary not on 4 October 1990 as Utility Worker I but on 1 August 1989 as a Court Aide of MTCC, Branch 2 of Laoag City as a recommendee of Judge Angelo M. Albano, MTCC, Laoag City. Respondent’s appointment was by virtue of a Supreme Court Resolution dated 1 August 1989 and his commission was signed by then Court Administrator Meynardo A. Tiro and certified by Former Assistant Chief Administrative Officer Orlando B. Carino and Former Chairman of the Selection Board Daniel T. Martinez.
It was also discovered that on 24 January 1990 Atty. Carino sent a telegram to Mauricio ordering him to submit a copy of the Order placing him on probation pending the approval of his appointment as Utility Worker I. Accordingly respondent sent a copy of the said Order and in his 1st indorsement dated 22 February 1990, Atty. Carino referred the Probation Order to Atty. Ponciano R. Solosa, Assistant Director of the Civil Service Commission Field Office for appropriate action.
Per Court Resolution dated 4 October 1990 respondent was appointed as Utility Worker I and was promoted as Process Server by virtue of a Court Resolution of 5 May 1992.
On 19 January 1993 Police Inspector Felizardo Ellano of the PNP-CIS Command in Camp Capt. Valentin San Juan, Laoag City, sent a letter addressed to the Chief Justice through the Record Section requesting that a check be conducted on the records of Mauricio who was at that time being charged by their Office with the crimes of Less Serious Physical Injuries and Resistance and Disobedience Upon Agents of a Person in Authority. Police Officer Ellano likewise informed the Court that the respondent has already been charged of several offenses in different courts in Laoag City which according to him was a clear showing that Mauricio is a violent man, a habitual offender and extremely defiant of the law.
Records show that the respondent twice accomplished Personal Data Sheet (Civil Service Commission Form 212, Revised 1982) on two (2) separate occasions on 5 June 1989 before his appointment as Court Aide and on 13 September 1990 prior to his appointment as Utility Worker. In both instances, Mauricio disclosed his conviction of Frustrated Murder and the fact that he was on probation.
The charges against respondent Mauricio for influence peddling, drunkenness, gambling, bribery, extortion and manipulation of bonds by using the same property for different cases do not appear to have been sufficiently established by clear evidence. The two (2) persons from whom the respondent allegedly asked favors using the name of Judge Fernandez both refused to be placed under oath or reduce their statements in writing. But administrative charges cannot be based on mere conjecture. The complainant has the burden of proof and such proof must be clear, solid and convincing to compel the exercise of disciplinary power over the person indicted.
On respondent’s conviction of Frustrated Murder, there was full disclosure of the conviction and apparently was not a legal obstacle to respondent’s appointment because he was placed on probation. Therefore, respondent’s conviction of a crime should not be taken as a basis of any administrative action against him.
The foregoing notwithstanding we do not see any reason to disturb the Investigating Judge’s finding that respondent is a troublesome and violent person as shown by his criminal record certified by the City Prosecutor of Laoag City. There is therefore merit in Judge Agnir’s recommendation of immediate and summary dismissal of the respondent from the service for being the “ultimate undesirable employee and a disgrace to the judiciary.”
It is commendable that Judge Agnir has opted to resist the temptation to be silent in the face of what he perceives to be a deleterious influence in the court.
Under Section 23, Rule 14 of the Rules Implementing Book V of Executive Order No. 292 and Other Pertinent Civil Service Laws “being notoriously undesirable” is classified as a grave offense with a corresponding penalty of dismissal, or forced resignation under Resolution No. 89-506 dated 20 July 1989 of the Civil Service Commission.
Time and again the Court has held that “A court employee being a public servant must exhibit the highest sense of honesty and integrity not only in the performance of his duties but also in his personal and private dealings with other people to preserve the court’s name and standing. Therefore, it becomes imperative and sacred duty of each and everyone in the court to maintain its good name and standing as a true temple of justice.” (Paredes vs. Padua, 222 SCRA 81).
Equally compelling is the decision of the Court in the case of Mirano vs. Saavedra, 225 SCRA 77 which states that “The conduct and behavior of everyone connected with the office charged with the dispensation of justice from the presiding judge to the lowliest clerk should be circumscribed with the heavy burden of responsibility. 3
On the foregoing antecedents, it was recommended by the Deputy Court Administrator that respondent be declared notoriously undesirable and be considered resigned from the service with forfeiture of leave credits and retirement benefits and disqualification from employment in the government service for a period of one (1) year. It was further recommended, however, that respondent be reemployed in the government service other than the judiciary.
In reviewing the aforesaid report and recommendation submitted for the Court’s consideration, we find the foregoing observations to be correct. We, nonetheless, find the penalty recommended by the Office of the Court Administrator to be very light Consequently, we adopt the investigating judge’s recommendation for respondent’s dismissal from the service, the same being warranted and justified by the facts attendant to the instant case
Public service requires the utmost integrity and strictest discipline. Thus, a public servant must exhibit at all times the highest sense of honesty and integrity not only in the performance of his official duties but in his personal and private dealings with other people. 4 No less than the Constitution sanctifies the principle that a public office is a public trust, and enjoins all public officers and employees to serve with the highest degree of responsibility, integrity, loyalty, and efficiency. 5 In addition, the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees provide that every servant shall at all times uphold public interest over his or her personal interest. 6
By his acts and misdeeds, respondent had undermined the public’s faith in our courts and, ultimately, in the administration of justice. The same make him unfit as a court employee. His employment must therefore be terminated at once Court personnel must adhere to the high ethical standards of public service in order to preserve the Court’s good name and standing. 7
Time and again, this Court had emphasized that the conduct required of court personnel, from the presiding judge to the lowliest clerk, must always be beyond reproach and must be circumscribed with the heavy burden of responsibility as to let them be free from any suspicion that may taint the judiciary.
ACCORDINGLY, respondent ALFREDO MAURICIO is hereby DISMISSED from the service with forfeiture of all benefits and with the prejudice to his reemployment in any branch of the Government, including government-owned or controlled corporations.
Narvasa, C.J., Padilla, Regalado, Davide, Jr., Romero, Bellosillo, Melo, Puno, Vitug, Kapunan, Mendoza, Francisco, Hermosisima, Jr., Panganiban, and Torres, Jr., JJ., concur.
1 Rollo, p. 52.
2 Id., at 52-53
3 OCA Memorandum pp. 4-5.
4 Gano v. Leonen, 232 SCRA 98, 101 [1994}: Paredes v. Padua, 222 SCRA 81, 84 .
5 CONST. , article XI section 1.
6 Republic Act No. 6713, section 2.
7 Chavez v. Lescano, 139 SCRA 103 ; Recto v. Racelis, 70 SCRA 438 .
January 2, 1997
SPOUSES MAKADAYA SADIK and USODAN SADIK, complainants,
JUDGE ABDALLAH CASAR, respondent.
PER CURIAM:The case before us stemmed from a verified complaint filed by Spouses Makadaya and Usodan Sadik charging Judge Abdallah Casar, Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Kolambugan-Tangcal, Lanao del Norte with misconduct and misappropriation.
The case before us stemmed from a verified complaint filed by Spouses Makadaya and Usodan Sadik charging Judge Abdallah Casar, Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Kolambugan-Tangcal, Lanao del Norte with misconduct and misappropriation.
Judge Casar filed his answer dated February 28, 1995 averring that the complaint is merely for harassment and intended to ruin his reputation.
In the resolution of August 14, 1995, this Court referred this case to Executive Judge Valerio M. Salazar of the Regional Trial Court of Iligan City and Lanao del Norte, Branch 6 for investigation, report and recommendation.
In his Report and Recommendation dated November 25, 1995, the Investigating Judge made the following findings:
The basic facts are not in dispute are not in dispute, to wit:
1. On February 14, 1985, one Lekiya Paito filed an application for life insurance with the Great Pacific Life Assurance Corporation (Grepalife) in Cotabato City, Exh. 5. The application was approved and Policy No. 0503033 was issued in her name for the amount of P30,000.00 with an accidental death benefit rider. Named as beneficiaries were her daughters, Linang Minalang and Makadaya Sadik. She paid the initial premium of P410.00.
2. On October 12, 1985, Lekiya Paito died in Pagayawan, Tampara, Lanao del Sur.
3. The beneficiaries and/or through their representatives sought for and obtained the assistance of respondent, who was then a trial attorney of the Bureau of Forest Development, Cotabato City, to pursue the approval of their claim for payment of the insurance benefits with Grepalife. Respondent made the necessary follow-ups but in due course Grepalife denied the claim on the grounds of misrepresentation and concealment.
4. On October 10, 1986, respondent, as counsel for the beneficiaries, filed a complaint in the Regional Trial Court, Br. 13, Cotabato City which was docketed therein as Civil Case No. 2747 entitled: “Makadaya L. Sadik and Linang Minalang, plaintiffs versus Great Pacific Life Assurance Corporation, defendant” for Specific Performance.
5. On November 17, 1989, the Regional Trial Court rendered a decision in favor of plaintiffs and against the defendant ordering the latter to pay to the former the sum of P30,000.00 as “benefit due them under Insurance Policy No. 503033.” The court denied plaintiffs” claim for double indemnity of P60,000.00 under the accidental death rider. At this time, respondent was already the presiding Judge of the 5th Municipal Circuit Trial Court of Kolambugan-Maigo (now, MCTC of Kolambugan-Tangcal), having assumed such office on September 1, 1989, EXh.7.
6. Upon receipt of the decision, respondent as counsel for plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal to the Court of Appeals even as defendant likewise filed an appeal. Respondent represented the plaintiffs in the appeal. On September 22, 1992, the Court of Appeals affirmed in toto the decision of the lower court. Defendant elevated the case on petition for review to the Supreme Court which dismissed the petition.
7. After the dismissal of its petition by the Supreme Court, Grepalife filed a Manifestation dated 6 July 1993 with the Regional Trial Court, Br. 13, Cotabato City declaring its willingness to pay the judgment award and depositing with said court RCBC check No. 62837 in the amount of P30,000.00 payable to the plaintiffs. Copy of the manifestation was furnished to “Atty. Abdallah M. Casar, Counsel for the Plaintiffs, Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte” (pp. 44 & 55, Records).
8. On October 1, 1992, respondent collected the check from the Clerk of Court of the Regional Trial Court, Br, 13, Cotabato City and thereafter cashed it.
9. Respondent did not deliver the said money judgment to the plaintiffs.
10. On January 26, 1995, complainants filed their administrative complaint.
Respondent admitted that he retained the sum of P30,000.00 representing the judgment award in civil Case No. 2747 and that he did not deliver it to the plaintiffs. He interposes the following defenses:
1. He is not guilty of any misconduct because he accepted the case long before he became a judge;
2. He did not misappropriate the money he collected from the court. It is intact but he has the right to retain the amount of P30,000.00 until he is paid his expenses pursuant to Section 137, Rule 138 on attorney’s lien;
3. The complainant, Makadaya Sadik is not the real Makadaya Sadik, plaintiff in Civil Case No. 2747 and being an impostor she is not entitled to the money.
There is no dispute that when respondent agreed to file the complaint in behalf of Makadaya Sadik and Linang Minalang, he was not yet a member of the judiciary. He was a trial attorney of the Bureau of Forest Development. He claimed that he was authorized to engage in practice in behalf of relatives but presented no documentary authority. He continued to represent the plaintiffs in Civil Case No. 2747 when he joined the Citizens Legal Assistance Office in a private capacity. In fact he took pains to emphasize that he handled the case not as a CLAO lawyer (tsn, p. 39; 11-13-95) although in his notices of change of address, he gave his new addresses as follows: “Atty. Abdallah M. Casar, CLAO, Capitol, Pigcarangan, Tubod, Lanao del Norte” Exh. 10 and “CLAO, Kabacan District Office, Municipal Hall Bldg., Kabacan, Province of Cotabato” Exh. 11. (pp. 119-120, Records). Similarly in his Memorandum dated 24 October 1988, he signed as “Attorney for Plaintiffs, CLAO, Kabacan, Cotabato,” Exh. B (pp. 89-96, Records). In those instances, while he was actually prosecuting the case in his private capacity, he gave the impression that he was handling the case for the CLAO. By his own admission, he was engaged in a private practice while employed as trial attorney with the BFD and citizen’s attorney with the CLAO. He failed to produce proof of authority. But as he correctly states, those were acts performed before he joined the judiciary. However, he failed to mention that even after he became a municipal judge, he continued to act as counsel for the plaintiffs in Civil Case No. 2747 on appeal to the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court. He assumed office on September 1, 1989. The decision of the Regional Trial Court was rendered on November 17, 1989. He filed an appeal in behalf of the plaintiffs even as Grepalife also appealed. He testified:
“Q. After that what happened?
A. The case’ decision was affirmed by the Court of Appeals and eventually appealed again to the Supreme Court where I made several manifestations”. (tsn, p. 36; 11/13/95).
He actively handled the case on appeal. He violated Rule 5:07 of the Code of Judicial Conduct which states that “A judge shall not engage in the private practice of law.” He reasoned out that he was forced to continue as counsel for the plaintiffs because he failed to get in touch with them after he received the decision of the lower court. He even went to Davao to look for them but failed. A transparent and flimsy justification. At that time he was stationed in Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte. He knew that plaintiffs are from Pagayawan, Tamparan, Lanao del Sur. He is himself a native of Tatayawon, Tamparan. He could have easily went to his hometown or sent someone there to get in touch with plaintiffs. He did not have to go to Davao which is much further from Kolambugan than Tamparan. At any rate failure to contact his clients is not reason enough to continue as counsel for plaintiffs on appeal. The least which he should have done was to secure permission from the Supreme Court before proceeding with the case on appeal.
He also denies having converted and misappropriated the judgment award of P30,000.00. He claims the amount is intact but he has the right to retain the same until he is paid for his expenses pursuant to Sec. 37, Rule 138 of the Rule of Court. He declared:
“A. They failed to come and for all these, I estimated my expenses to be more than Thirty Thousand (P30,000.00) Pesos.
Q. What is your right in getting the amount of P30,000.00?
A. Well, pursuant to Rule 138, Section 37 of the Rules of Court known as attorney’s liens by virtue of that I have the right to retain the amount until payment of my expenses was paid . . .” (sic) (tsn, pp. 38-39; 11/13/95).
This is ridiculous. The judgment award is only P30,000.00 but he spent more than P30,000.00 to recover it. Thus despite winning the case, the client could not collect a single cent and will still have to pay his lawyer. This may be one reason why the ordinary layman holds an unflattering perception of lawyers.
His evidence fails to prove the amount of expenses claimed by him. He said that to follow-up the claim, he went to Manila six times spending for fare alone P3000.00 for each trip. When the case was on appeal to the Supreme Court, he went to Manila to follow-up thrice (tsn, p. 38; 11/13/95). Except for his uncorroborated testimony, there are only two documents showing he was indeed in Manila. Those are Exhs. 26 and 32 indicating that he personally served those letters to Grepalife in Manila. But there is no evidence that he went there for this purpose alone. It is highly probable that the visit to Grepalife was merely one of his purposes in going to Manila. On the other hand, his claim that he went to Manila three times to follow-up the case while it was pending with the Supreme Court is unworthy of credence. He was then already a municipal judge. He could not have openly exposed himself to the Supreme Court as being engaged in private practice. Besides there is no reason to follow-up in person any case with the Supreme Court. Similarly, his claims that he spent a lot of money in looking for witnesses and trying to trace the whereabouts of his clients are self-serving, devoid of corroboration and unsupported by document evidence. Finally, he presented the receipts for the payment of docket fees in the amount of P580.00, Exhs. 28 and 29, which he alleges was paid by him out of his own pocket. Standing alone, those receipts do not prove his claim. The normal practice is for the client to advance to his lawyer the amount for the filing fees. It is the lawyer who pays the docket fees and he can easily procure the issuance of the receipts in his own name. Complainant Makadaya Sadik declared that her husband took care of the payment of the docket fees. Respondent did not cross-examine Usodan Sadik on this point.
In sum, respondent failed to show by clear and convincing evidence that he did indeed spent more than P30,000.00 to prosecute the insurance claim. His various claims of expenses for travels to Manila, to find witnesses and to look for his clients are all designed to inflate his demand for reimbursement and justify his withholding of the judgment award from his clients. To be generous, the sum of P6,000.00 corresponding to his trips to Manila in March and May, 1986 may be allowed. Added to that may be his claim for attorney’s fees, although to be generous again, he is not really entitled to it. From the testimonies of both Usodan Sadik and respondent, it appears that there was an agreement for the payment of P10,000.00 if respondent succeeds in recovering the sum of P60,000.00 under the accidental death rider. But this amount was not obtained and only the basic claim of P30,000.00 was adjudged by the court. It is logical to assume that in such case, the amount of attorney’s fees should also be proportionally reduced to P5,000.00. Thus his total claim is not more than P11,000.00. Nonetheless, it appears that his reliance on Section 37, Rule 138 of the Rules of Court is nothing more than an afterthought. If indeed, he was claiming attorney’s lien pursuant to said section, then he should have known that to be entitled thereto he must comply with.certain pre-conditions. Said section provides that with respect to judgments for payment of money, like in Civil Case No. 2747, a lawyer shall have a lien thereto “from and after the time when he shall have caused a statement of his claim of such lien to be entered upon the records of the court rendering such judgment . . . and shall have caused written notice thereof to be delivered to his client and the adverse party.” From July, 1993 when he learned of the dismissal of Grepalife’s petition by the Supreme Court until now, he did not file the necessary pleadings to enforce his alleged lien. It surfaces only when the administrative case was filed.
His last line of defense is that the complainant Makadaya Sadik is not the real Makadaya Sadik who is the beneficiary of Lekiya Paito and plaintiff in Civil Case No. 2747. He declared:
A. As far as I know they were recruited as witnesses.
COURT: Q. You said they, are you referring to Usodan Sadik and Makadaya Sadik?
A. Yes, Your Honor, because of the failure of the beneficiaries to come to Court.
Q. Do you have any evidence for that, that Makadaya Sadik or referring to these persons who are complainants, Usodan Sadik and Makadaya Sadik were recruited to testify in this case, but these are not the true complainants?
Q. Who recruited them?
A. The claimants. (tsn, pp. 21-22; 11/13/95).
xxx xxx xxx
COURT: WHO FAILED TO APPEAR?
A. Makadaya Sadik and Linang Minalang despite notice. The claimants failed to appear and procured another persons (sic) who are impostors. This Kunug Minalang and Sadik Paito took charge of the witnesses and they presented another witnesses (sic).
COURT: I DO NOT UNDERSTAND THIS. ANOTHER WITNESSES OR ANOTHER PERSON WAS PRESENTED TO TESTIFY AS LINANG MINALANG AND SADIK?
A. At that time we needed more witnesses so the parties and Barogong Paito agreed to testify but two persons who are principal witnesses failed to come.
COURT: SO WHEN THEY FAILED TO COME, WHAT DID SADIK PAITO DO?
A. They took charge of presenting another witnesses (sic).
Q. WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY “TOOK CHARGE”, YOU MEAN, THEY PRESENTED TO YOU PERSONS WHO WERE NOT REALLY LINANG MINALANG AND MAKADAYA SADIK?
A. They told me that instead of them who could not go to court, they faked another persons (sic).
Q. AND THESE PERSONS WHO WERE FAKED APPEARED AND TESTIFIED AS LINANG MINALANG AND MAKADAYA SADIK?
A. As a matter of fact, only Makadaya Sadik took the stand because Linang Minalang failed to come.
Q. MAKADAYA SADIK TESTIFIED IN COURT?
A. In reality, Makadaya Sadik failed to appear also.
Q. BUT SOMEBODY TESTIFIED AS IF HE IS MAKADAYA SADIK?
Q. I WANT THIS VERY CLEAR, HADJI SARIP PAITO PRESENTED TO YOU ANOTHER PERSON WHO CLAIM TO BE MAKADAYA SADIK BUT HE IS REALLY NOT MAKADAYA?
Q. AND THAT PERSON WHO ACTUALLY TESTIFIED CLAIMING TO BE MAKADAYA SADIK WAS THE PERSON WHO TESTIFIED THE LAST TIME AS MAKADAYA SADIK?
A. That is what I can recall.
Q. What was the arrangement for that matter for the recruitment of other substitute witnesses?
A. Well, I told my client, I have to give them Five Thousand (P5,000.00) pesos.
COURT: TO WHOM WILL THE P5,000.00 BE PAID?
A. To the substitute witnesses.
Q. YOU TOLD SARIP PAITO AND KUNUG MINALANG THAT THESE WITNESSES BE PAID P5,000.00?
Q. DID THEY AGREE?
A. I presume so because they testified.
Q. KUNUG MINALANG AND SARIP PAITO AGREED THAT THE P5,000.00 BE PAID TO THE SUBSTITUTE WITNESSES?
A. Seems to me that they agreed. (tsn, pp.34-36; 11/13/95).
By his own categorical admission, he deliberately, knowingly and willfully agreed to procure a substitute witness, an impostor, to pose as claimant Makadaya Sadik and testify in Civil Case No. 2747. He even proposed that such witness be paid P5,000.00. And he actually presented such witness as Makadaya Sadik in that case and that impostor is the Makadaya Sadik who is the complainant in this case. She is, respondent says, the step-daughter of Lekiya Paito, the daughter of Batobarani Lugpangan and another woman (tsn, p. 17; 11/13/95). By any language, this is subornation of perjury.
To make matters worse, he declared that even before he filed the complaint in Civil Case No. 2747, he was already informed that the insurance policy of Lekiya Paito was fraudulent. Thus:
“Q. What else happened?
A. Naga Datumanong approached me and told me about the facts of the case and that this was done by unscrupulous persons.
COURT: WHAT WAS DONE BY UNSCRUPULOUS PERSONS?
A. The insurance application of Lekiya Paito, in fact, at the time of the insurance, Lekiya Paito was killed in her hometown.
COURT: YOU MEAN LEKIYA PAITO WAS ALREADY SICK WHEN THE INSURANCE FORM WAS MADE?
A. Yes, she was sick in Pagayawan, not in Cotabato City.
Judge Casar: So, whose work is that insurance
A. As far as I know, that is the work of Usodan Hadji Ibrahim.
COURT: THIS USODAN HADJI IBRAHIM IS NOT THE PERSON NOW IN COURT?
A. As far as I know, he is Usodan Ibrahim.
Q. IN OTHER WORDS, THIS IS OR THE PERSON WHO APPEARED AS COMPLAINANT IS ACTUALLY USODAN IBRAHIM?
A. As far as I know, he is not working with me.
Q. SO THAT THIS PERSON NAMED USODAN SADIK, ONE OF THE COMPLAINANTS, IS ACTUALLY USODAN IBRAHIM?
Q. AND YOU NOW CLAIM THAT USODAN IBRAHIM WAS THE ONE WHO PREPARED THE FRAUDULENT POLICY FOR LEKIYA PAITO?
A. As far as I was told. (tsn, pp. 30-31; 11/13/95).
Yet knowing that the insurance claim was fraudulent, he filed the complaint and compounded it by presenting false witnesses in court. He transgressed not only the Canons of Professional Ethics but also the Revised Penal Code. In his single-minded intent to keep the insurance proceeds for himself and deprive complainant Makadaya Sadik of her share, respondent duga deep hole for himself. His cure is worse than the disease.
It is possible that the insurance taken for Lekiya Paito was indeed a scam. It is not an uncommon occurrence in these parts to insure a person who is near death or for an insured to fake his death and collect the proceeds. But scam or not we are convinced that the complainant Makadaya Sadik is not an impostor. She denied that she is the step-daughter of Lekiya Paito. She insisted she is the youngest daughter and she named all her brothers and sisters. And it was respondent who presented her in Civil Case No. 2747 as Makadaya Sadik daughter of Lekiya Sadik and one of the beneficiaries of the latter’s insurance policy.
The Investigating Judge then recommended that a penalty ranging from a fine of twenty thousand (P20,000. 00) pesos to suspension for six (6) months be imposed depending on respondent’s record. Respondent was likewise ordered to pay to herein complainant, Makadaya Sadik, the sum of fifteen thousand (P15,000.00) pesos less the sum of five thousand five hundred (P5,500.00) pesos equivalent to one-half of the expenses and attorney’s fees demanded by respondent.
In the resolution of March 13, 1996, this Court referred this case to the Office of the Court Administrator fo revaluation, report and recommendation.
In its memorandum of August 15, 1996, the Office of the Court Administrator made the following findings and evaluation:
The undersigned concurs with the finding of Executive Judge Salazar that respondent be found guilty of the charges of misconduct and misappropriation, but differs insofar as the recommended penalty is concerned. It is an established rule that the personal behavior of a member of the judiciary in the performance of his official duties and in his everyday life should be beyond reproach. Respondent’s act of collecting the judgment award of P30,000.00 from the Clerk of Court of RTC, Cotabato City and his refusal to turn over the amount to his client, complainant Makadaya Sadik and her sister, is an act of misappropriation amounting to gross misconduct and/or dishonesty. His defense that he has the right to retain the entire P30,000.00 as attorney’s lien in unacceptable. For he has no right to retain the judgment award allegedly to secure payment of litigation expenses and attorney’s fees. He had no authority to practice law while in government service. In continuing to handle the case of herein complainants against Grepalife after he joined the government and without first securing proper authority is no less constitutive of abuse of authority. Furthermore, he violated Rule 5.06 of the Code of Judicial Conduct which prohibits a judge to engage in the private practice of law. He likewise violated the Attorney’s Oath in agreeing to file Civil Case No. 2747 for the purpose of claiming the insurance proceeds from Grepalife despite his having been informed that the insurance policy of Lekiya Paito was fraudulently applied for. Agreeing to handle the claim said to have arisen from a fraudulent act against the insurer certainly speaks of a moral flaw in his character.
This Court has held that: “A judge should always be a symbol of rectitude and propriety, comporting himself in a manner that will raise no doubt whatsoever about his honesty . . . He should ever strive to preserve the good name of the court on which he sits and avoid any indiscretion that will defile its probity. The respondent has not lived up to these exacting standards. He has betrayed his oath and debased his position. He has impaired the image of the Judiciary to which he owes the duty of loyalty and obligation to keep it at all times above suspicion and worthy of the people’s trust. No less importantly, he has also injured the herein complainant, who has yet to receive the money entrusted to the respondent for the satisfaction of the judgment that became final and executory more than three years ago.” (Dr. Ernesto J. Yuson vs. Judge Federico V. Noel, AM No. RTJ-91-762, 1 October 1993).
Records show that in MTJ-92-728 filed by Mayor Perlita Libardos against herein respondent judge for gross ignorance of the law, grave misconduct, etc. he was fined P5,000.00 and sternly warned. He has still five (5) other administrative cases docketed against him namely: 1) MTJ-95-1048, for gross ignorance of the law, gross incompetence, violation of Section 7, 15 and 17 of Rule 37 of the New Comelec Rules of Procedures, etc.; 2) 95-1061 for Illegal Possession of Firearms and Ammunitions; 3) OCA-IPI No. 95-59-MTJ for Gross Ignorance of the Law, Gross Incompetence; and 4) OCA IPI No. 95-59-MTJ for Falsification of Public Documents. The first two (2) cases are pending investigation by the Executive Judge while the two (2) others are now pending with the Court with respondent’s Comment dated 29 November 1995 and 7 December 1995 and pending evaluation by this Office, respectively.
It is clear from the facts established that respondent does not deserve to remain in the service of the Judiciary where honesty, probity and integrity are indispensable credentials.
It then recommended:
Respectfully submitted for the consideration of the Honorable Court is our recommendation that: a) Judge Abdallah M. Casar, MCTC Kolambugan-Tangcal, Lanao del Norte be DISMISSED from the service with prejudice to his appointment to any position in the government, including government-owned or controlled corporations, and with forfeiture of all retirement benefits except this accrued leave credits; and b) he be ORDERED to turnover to complainant Makadaya-Sadik and Linang Minalang (co-plaintiff in Civil Case No. 2747) the sum of Thirty Thousand Pesos (P30,000.00) which he received from the Clerk of Court of RTC, Branch 13, Cotabato City last 1 October 1993 within fifteen (15) days from receipt of notice.
The Court has thoroughly studied the record of this case and has ascertained that the findings of the investigating judge, concurred in by the Office of the Court Administrator, are adequately supported by the evidence and are in accord with applicable legal principles. Consequently, the Court hereby adopts the OCA’s recommendation of meting out the supreme penalty of dismissal on herein respondent judge.
It must be borne in mind that courts exist to dispense and to promote justice. 1 However, the reality of justice depends, above all, on the intellectual, moral and personal quality of the men and women who are called to serve as our judges. 2 In a piece written by Rosenberg, this point was emphasized, thus:
Justice is an alloy of men and mechanisms in which, as Roscoe Pound remarked, “men count more than machinery.” Assume the clearest rules, the most enlightened procedures, the most sophisticated court techniques; the key factor is still the judge. In the long run, “There is no guarantee of justice except the personality of the judge. The reason the judge makes or breaks the system of justice is that rules are not self-declaring or self-applying. Even in a government of laws, men make the decisions.” 3
In the recent case of Jocelyn Talens-Dabon v. Judge Hermin E. Arceo, 4 the Court emphasized the importance of the role played by judges in the judicial system, thus:
The integrity of the Judiciary rests not only upon the fact that it is able to administer justice but also upon the perception and confidence of the community that the people who run the system have done justice. At times, the strict manner by which we apply the law may, in fact, do justice but may not necessarily create confidence among the people that justice, indeed, is served. Hence, in order to create such confidence, the people who run the judiciary, particularly judges and justices, must not only be proficient in both the substantive and procedural aspects of the law, but more importantly, they must possess the highest integrity, probity, and unquestionable moral uprightness, both in their public and private lives. Only then can the people be reassured that the wheels of justice in this country run with fairness and equity, thus creating confidence in the judicial system.
Insistence on personal integrity and honesty as indispensable qualifications for judicial office reflect an awareness in the legal profession of the immensity of the damage that can be done to the legal order by judicial corruption. The rationale for this was succinctly put by Jones, thus:
If a physician or a professor or a businessman is discovered to be a thief or an influence peddler, the disclosure will not put medicine, higher education, or business into general disrepute. But judges are different and more representative; revelations of judicial corruption create suspicion and loss of confidence in legal processes generally and endanger public respect for law. 5
Indeed, to be effective in his role, a judge must be a man of exceptional integrity and honesty. The special urgency for requiring these qualities in a judge is not hard to understand for the judge acts directly upon the property, liberty, even life, of his countrymen. Hence, being in a position of such grave responsibility in the administration of justice, a judge must conduct himself in a manner befitting the dignity of such exalted office.
Respondent judge, however, not only failed in this respect but proved himself repeatedly unworthy of his post.
The records show that even after he became judge, respondent acted as counsel for herein complainants and misappropriated the judgment award of P30,000.00 which rightfully belongs to complainants. Moreover, respondent’s line of defense revealed a significant and deplorable flaw in his character. In hoping to redeem himself, he categorically admitted that he deliberately, knowingly and willfully agreed to handle a case involving a fraudulent insurance claim and in the process procured and presented false witnesses in court. Under the circumstances, this Court is amazed at how brazen respondent has comported himself and without compunctions at leaving a “paper trail” behind him.
This Court notes that respondent had been previously fined P5,000.00 and sternly warned for knowingly issuing an order without jurisdiction and with grave abuse of discretion. 6 Moreover, he has four other administrative cases docketed against him involving various charges such as gross ignorance of the law, gross incompetence, illegal possession of firearms and ammunitions and falsification of public documents.
Respondent judge’s seeming propensity to transgress the very law he is sworn to uphold makes him unfit to discharge the functions of a judge. Judicial office demands the best possible men and this Court will not hesitate to rid its ranks of undesirables who undermine its efforts towards effective and efficient administration of justice, thus tainting its image in the eyes of the public.
WHEREFORE, Judge Abdallah M. Casar is hereby DISMISSED from the service for misconduct and misappropriation with FORFEITURE of all retirement benefits and accrued leave credits and with prejudice to re-employment in any branch, agency or instrumentality of the government, including government-owned or controlled corporations. He is further ordered to turn over to complainant Makadaya Sadik and Linang Minalang the sum of Thirty Thousand Pesos (P30,000.00) which he received from the Clerk of Court of RTC, Branch 13, Cotabato City last October 1,1993.
This judgment is immediately executory and the respondent judge is further ordered to cease and desist from discharging the functions of his office upon receipt of this decision. Let a copy be entered in the personal records of the respondent.
Narvasa, C.J., Padilla, Regalado, Davide, Jr., Romero, Bellosillo, Melo, Puno, Kapunan, Mendoza, Francisco, Hermosisima, Jr., Panganiban and Torres, Jr., JJ., concur.
Vitug, J., is on leave.
1. Edmelinda L. Fernande v. Judge Fausto H. Imbing, Administratiive Matter No. RTJ-96-1356, August 21, 1996.
2. Jones, “The Trial Judge ? Role Analysis and Profile, in the Courts, the Public and the Law Explosion,” Readings on Recruitment and Selection of Judges, 1987, p. 11.
3. Rosenberg, “The Qualities of Justice ? Are They Strainable? in Winters, Selected Readings: Judicial Selection and Tenure,” Ibid.,?p. 11.
4. Administrative Matter No. RTJ-96-1336, July 25, 1996.
5. Jones; supra., p. 8.
6. Libardos v. Casar, 234 SCRA 13 (1994).
|Name||Enrollment||Home Town||Roll No.|
|ABANGAN, RICHARD A.||May 10, 1997||Naga, Cebu||42571|
|ABANTE, BAYANI D.||May 7, 1997||Sariaya, Quezon||41634|
|ABANTE, FELIX DARREN R.||May 7, 1997||Bauan, Batangas||41626|
|ABAYA, MICHAEL A.||May 10, 1997||Pasay City||42572|
|ABELEDA, LEONARDO F. JR.||May 8, 1997||Coron, Palawan||42026|
|ABELLA, MITCHELLE M.||May 9, 1997||Bacolod City||42204|
|ABELLA, NENDELL HANZ L.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42178|
|ABELLERA, EMMANUEL S.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||42006|
|ABILA, BENIGNO C.||May 7, 1997||Masbate, Masbate||41513|
|ABIT, CESAR R.||May 9, 1997||Quinapondan, E. Samar||42292|
|ABOGADO, RODEL T.||May 7, 1997||Sabang Vinzons, Camarines Norte||41542|
|ABONAL, APOLLO M.||May 10, 1997||Nabua, Camarines Sur||42430|
|ABRAGAN, ROMMEL A.||May 7, 1997||Iligan City||41477|
|ACERON, EMER M.||May 10, 1997||Calapan, Oriental Mindoro||42535|
|ACIO, ROSAURO V.||May 7, 1997||Cabatuan, Isabela||41686|
|ACLAN, CARMELA PRISCILA I.||May 9, 1997||Batangas City||42187|
|ACLAN, EMILIO G.||May 9, 1997||Pisa, Tingloy, Batangas||42272|
|ACOSTA, ROSEMARY U.||May 8, 1997||Puerto Princesa, Palawan||42038|
|ACYATAN, ARMINDA T.||May 9, 1997||Lucena City||42097|
|ADAMOS, JANETTE Q.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41754|
|ADLAWAN, ARMANDO S.||May 8, 1997||Simala, Sibonga, Cebu||41936|
|ADLAWAN, NOEL R.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41658|
|ADVINCULA, ANGELO PATRICK F.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42136|
|AGABAS, TYRONE D.||May 7, 1997||Manabo, Abra||41673|
|AGBAYANI, CYPRES G.||May 8, 1997||San Mateo, Isabela||41982|
|AGSAOAY, ERIC CHRISTOPHER AMADO J.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||42001|
|AGUADO, RONALD C.||May 10, 1997||Sta. Rosa, Laguna||42482|
|AGUBA, VICTOR R.||May 9, 1997||Calapan, Or. Mindoro||42242|
|AGUILA, DENNIS E.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41601|
|AGUILAR, ARNOLD REUBEN DL.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41570|
|AGUILAR, OSCAR A.||July 14, 1997||Tanjay, Negros Oriental||42595|
|AHAT, NILO G.||May 9, 1997||Tagbilaran, Bohol||42349|
|ALANO III, JUAN GABRIEL H.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42540|
|ALARAS, BLAISE MARIE E.||May 10, 1997||Balayan, Batangas||42476|
|ALARCIO, DOROTHY J.||May 7, 1997||Camarines Norte||41577|
|ALBANO-VITUG, ANNALIZA B.||May 7, 1997||Bayombong, Nueva Vizcaya||41526|
|ALCALA, RHODNA T.||May 9, 1997||Molave, Zamboanga||42329|
|ALCONABA, MARIA ELMIRA A.||May 10, 1997||Cabong Borongan, Eastern Samar||42433|
|ALCOVER, ROSENDO C.||May 7, 1997||Ibaan, Batangas||41591|
|ALDE, BIENVENIDO C. JR.||May 7, 1997||Orion, Bataan||41478|
|ALEGRE, MA. STELLA M.||May 8, 1997||Makati City||41834|
|ALEJANDRO, MODESTO M. JR.||May 9, 1997||Caloocan City||42137|
|ALFONSO, MARCOS D.||May 10, 1997||Lidlidda, Ilocos Sur||42436|
|ALFORTE, FERDINAND A.||May 7, 1997||Masbate, Masbate||41573|
|ALFORTE, SEVERINO V.||May 9, 1997||Parañaque, Metro Manila||42365|
|ALINEA, DOUGLAS F.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41752|
|ALINEA, SHIRLEY F.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42526|
|ALLAS, RICHARD S.||May 8, 1997||Tayug, Pangasinan||41783|
|ALMARIO, JOSE TROY A.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41643|
|ALMAZAN, BASILIO C. JR.||May 10, 1997||Victory Norte, Santiago City||42543|
|ALMODIEL, FLORISA C.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41802|
|ALOBBA, ELDRED P.||May 9, 1997||Dagupan City||42184|
|ALONTO, AVECINA V.||May 7, 1997||Malate, Manila||41496|
|ALTARES, BUNROFIL M.||May 9, 1997||Tacloban City||42264|
|ALVAÑIZ IV, ANSELMO S.||May 9, 1997||Antique||42347|
|ALVARADO, LIZA A.||May 7, 1997||San Manuel, Pangasinan||41729|
|ALVAREZ, MA. TERESA C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41648|
|ALVAREZ, MARIBEL G.||May 9, 1997||Malabor, Tibiao, Antique||42273|
|ALVAREZ, MARITES D.||May 8, 1997||Alaminos, Laguna||41987|
|ALVAREZ, NICANOR C.||May 8, 1997||Palanas, Masbate||41933|
|ALVIZO, RONALD E.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41865|
|ALVOR, MILDRED BERNADETTE B.||May 8, 1997||Pasay City||41794|
|ALZATE, BYRONE B.||May 9, 1997||Bangued, Abra||42399|
|ALZATE, RAPHIEL F.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41745|
|AMANCIO, JOSE MICHAEL EDWIN S.||May 8, 1997||Cotabato City||42039|
|AMBAS, EDELINE P.||July 14, 1997||Kapangan, Benguet||42587|
|AMBOY, MYLA GLORIA A.||May 10, 1997||Borongan, Eastern Samar||42434|
|AMORA, REY G.||May 8, 1997||Tagbilaran City||41846|
|AMPARO, CEFERINO DENNIS P.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41897|
|ANASTACIO, FLOR D.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41691|
|ANDINO, VIVEN C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41440|
|ANDRADE, ERNESTO M.||May 7, 1997||New Washington, Aklan||41537|
|ANDRES, WILFREDO C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41583|
|ANDRESAN, ANDREI A.||May 8, 1997||Tandag, Surigao del Sur||41883|
|ANG, CHARLENE O.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42005|
|ANGEL, TEODORO V.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42569|
|ANGELES, MARLYN L.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41793|
|AÑO, MANUEL A.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41585|
|AÑOSO, ALTEZA A.||May 10, 1997||Lucena City||42499|
|ANTENOR CRUZ, CHRISTINE Y.||May 8, 1997|
|ANTIQUIERA, JAMES C.||May 7, 1997||Bacolod City||41489|
|AQUINO, AZIL C.||May 10, 1997||Dagupan City||42568|
|ARABIA, DEANNA YVONNE GERALDINE G.||May 8, 1997||Bacolod City||42004|
|ARANDIA, CRISAURO REGINALD M.||May 9, 1997||Bangui, Ilocos Norte||42095|
|ARAOS, DIOSDADO N.||May 9, 1997||Pozorrubio, Pangasinan||42319|
|ARELLANO, RALPH S.||May 7, 1997||Sulat, Eastern Samar||41572|
|ARGOSINO, AL C.||May 7, 1997||Lopez, Quezon||41624|
|ARGUEDO, DANIEL FRANCIS D.||May 7, 1997||Mabolo, Cebu City||41696|
|ARIAS, PAUL MAR C.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42357|
|ARIOSA, GERALDINE L.||May 8, 1997||Pagadian City||41806|
|ARMA, LUISITO C.||May 7, 1997||Maydolong, Eastern Samar||41557|
|ARNADO-CARRILLO, CORAZON C.||May 7, 1997||Bogo, Cebu||41493|
|ARNALDO, KATHERINE AGNES M. C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42212|
|ARPON, CRISTOPHER B.||May 7, 1997||Tabogon, Cebu City||41620|
|ARPON, FERDINAND S.||May 9, 1997||Culaba, Leyte||42191|
|ARRIESGADO, GALICANO M. JR.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41906|
|ARRIESGADO, NANCY C.||May 8, 1997||Cabiao, Nueva Ecija||41908|
|ARRIOLA, ARIEL R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41796|
|ARRIOLA, JANINA C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42359|
|ARROYO, HARLETTE R.||May 10, 1997||Iriga City||42511|
|ARROZAL, MA. DONNA GUIA A.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41638|
|ASCAÑO, LIGAYA F.||May 9, 1997||Naglaoa-an, Sto. Domingo, Ilocos Sur||42386|
|ASEBIAS, RAFAEL S.||May 9, 1997||Quinapundan, Eastern Samar||42355|
|ASI, EMILIO A. JR.||May 7, 1997||Baco, Oriental Mindoro||41402|
|ASIDO, GUILLER B.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42318|
|ASIDO, JOVEN-ALLEN A.||May 9, 1997||Bonbon, Camarines Sur||42402|
|ASPIRAS, AUGUSTUS CAESAR C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42126|
|ASTILLERO, LITO B.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41494|
|ASUNCION, CAESAR LD.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42024|
|ASUNCION, DAMASO P. JR.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41654|
|ATANACIO, ANNA MICHELLA C.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42505|
|ATAVIADO, NOEL O.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41957|
|ATIENZA, NOEL Y.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42055|
|ATILLO, ROMEO M. JR.||May 7, 1997||Tacloban City||41728|
|ATINAJA, PERCIVAL T.||May 9, 1997||Sta. Catalina, Ilocos Sur||42170|
|ATTOLBA, PAUL R. JR.||May 9, 1997||San Mateo, Isabela||42094|
|ATUP, BAYANI S.||May 8, 1997||Butuan, Agusan del Norte||41994|
|AUREO, RICO E.||May 8, 1997||Bato, Leyte||41857|
|AVELLANO, AMY A.||May 9, 1997||Puerto Princesa City||42218|
|AVILA, FRANCO FERMIN B.||May 8, 1997||Naga City||41922|
|AVILA III, RUDYARD A.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||42063|
|BABARAN, WILLIAM M.||May 7, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||41685|
|BACOLING, ESTRELLA D.||May 10, 1997||Buguias, Benguet||42524|
|BADONGEN, SEBASTIAN C.||May 9, 1997||Bauko, Mt. Province||42076|
|BAGUIO, SEBASTINO A.||May 8, 1997||Roxas City||42007|
|BALAGOT, ARVIN SADIRI B.||May 10, 1997||Kabacan, Cotabato||42508|
|BALIAD, JIM P.||May 7, 1997||Pasay City||41629|
|BALIAO III, CORNELIO R.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42293|
|BALILI, JOSE S.||May 9, 1997||Compostela, Davao del Norte||42255|
|BALITAAN, NOEMI J.||May 7, 1997||Alaminos, Laguna||41492|
|BALLESTEROS, EMMA G.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41701|
|BALLESTEROS, TOMAS B.||May 7, 1997||Baao, Camarines Sur||41636|
|BAÑAS, JESSIE M.||May 8, 1997||Malabon, Metro Manila||41954|
|BANDA, SYLVIA C.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42556|
|BANDILLA, NELIA A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42181|
|BANGOY, CRES DAN D.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41448|
|BANIAGA, EDGARDO G.||May 9, 1997||Banayoyo, Ilocos Sur||42256|
|BANZON, VOLTAIRE FRANCISCO B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41625|
|BARAQUIA, PERCIVAL Y.||May 7, 1997||Egaña, Sibalon, Antique||41520|
|BARBASO, RAUL C.||May 7, 1997||Dipolog City||41717|
|BARBOZA, GAUDENCIO A. JR.||May 8, 1997||Carles, Iloilo||41969|
|BARCELO, LARRY M.||May 9, 1997||Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija||42092|
|BARENG, ROGELIO R.||May 9, 1997||Adams, Ilocos Norte||42238|
|BARING, BIENVENIDO V. JR.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41414|
|BARING, LINDA SUSAN C.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41552|
|BARING-TUVERA, PURIFICACION A.||May 10, 1997||Llorente, Eastern Samar||42486|
|BARRANCO, SIMEON JR.||September 3, 1997||Janiuay, Iloilo||42602|
|BARRIOS, APOLINAR C.||July 14, 1997||Balete, Aklan||42590|
|BARSATAN, GILBERT R.||May 9, 1997||Sta. Marcela, Kalinga-Apayao||42208|
|BARTOLO, RENATO S. JR.||May 10, 1997||Bacolod City||42532|
|BARTOLOME, ROSALIA S.||May 9, 1997||MANDALUYONG CITY||42078|
|BASCO-SARMIENTO, DESIDERIA A.||May 9, 1997||Iriga City||42159|
|BASCUG, MA. CONSOLACION T.||May 9, 1997||Victorias, Negros Occ.||42158|
|BASE, CHRISTINE P.||May 8, 1997||Legaspi City||42056|
|BATARA, JIMMY EDMUND G.||May 7, 1997||Cabugao, Ilocos Sur||41512|
|BATASIN, FLORENDO B. JR.||May 10, 1997||Pasay City||42487|
|BATHAN, MARIA GLYNDA E.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41875|
|BATION, MARICRIS T.||May 7, 1997||Ozamiz City||41739|
|BATOON, SUSAN B.||May 9, 1997||San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte||42090|
|BATOON-GARCIA, JOCELYN S.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41597|
|BATUNGBAKAL, ARNEL A.||May 7, 1997||Caloocan City||41651|
|BAUSAS, RAMON I.||May 7, 1997||Nasugbu, Batangas||41598|
|BAUTISTA, ALEXANDER G.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42167|
|BAUTISTA, HILDA P.||May 7, 1997||Makati City||41682|
|BAUTISTA, JOSE ANDRES D.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42103|
|BAUTISTA, MARIE EVANGELINE B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41755|
|BAUTO, BENER O.||May 9, 1997||Cabanatuan City||42250|
|BAYBAY, CLARA ARLENE O.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41524|
|BAYDO, KAREN E.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41822|
|BAYLON, FERDINAND C.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41602|
|BAYSA, ANDREW N.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41666|
|BAYSA, RENE U.||May 9, 1997||Baguio City||42098|
|BEDAÑA, GINA A.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41495|
|BELARMINO, BENJAMIN C. JR.||May 7, 1997||Tabaco, Albay||41461|
|BELARMINO, JOSE JOBEL V.||May 7, 1997||Naga City||42377|
|BELTRAN, ELAYDA CLARA MARIE T.||May 9, 1997||Caloocan City||42230|
|BELTRAN, ELIZALDO A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42279|
|BELTRAN, RODELLE T.||May 9, 1997||Quezon, Isabela||42376|
|BELTRAN-HERNANDEZ, IMELDA MARIE B.||May 10, 1997||Malaybalay, Bukidnon||42442|
|BENITEZ, GAVINO ALFREDO C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42130|
|BENOZA, ARAMIS C.||May 8, 1997||Macabebe, Pampanga||41851|
|BERCO, MARICAR LILIBETH P.||May 10, 1997||Roxas City||42525|
|BERIN, HENRY F.||May 7, 1997||Daet, Camarines Norte||41652|
|BERNABE, J. B. JOVY C.||May 8, 1997||Bacolod City||41909|
|BERNAL, EDGAR DL.||May 10, 1997||Tantangan, South Cotabato||42547|
|BERNAL, MARVIN V.||May 9, 1997||Tayag, Pangasinan||42253|
|BERNALES, ART BERNARD D.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42286|
|BERNARDINO, PAUL A.||May 8, 1997||Binangonan, Rizal||41830|
|BIALA, OLIVA A.||May 9, 1997||Mangaldan, Pangasinan||42114|
|BIDO, ANDREW A.||May 8, 1997||Rosario, Northern Samar||41761|
|BIHASA, RENANTE C.||May 9, 1997||Parañaque, Metro Manila||42131|
|BIONGAN, MARIA THERESA D.||May 9, 1997||Midsayap, Cotabato||42205|
|BIROG, DIEGO P.||May 9, 1997||Mabini, Pangasinan||42223|
|BISMONTE, SYLVIA HAZEL T.||May 8, 1997||Iriga City||41976|
|BISQUERA, MA. RONELY D.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41785|
|BLACER, EGMEDIO C.||May 7, 1997||Canaman, Camarines Sur||41540|
|BLANCAFLOR, MA. JASMIN R.||May 10, 1997||Naga City||42477|
|BLAS, DIVINA E.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41978|
|BOADO, NILO V.||May 10, 1997||Pugo, La Union||42550|
|BOISER, THADDEUS J.||May 7, 1997||Talibon, Bohol||41462|
|BOLANTE, RODELLE B.||May 8, 1997||Bangued, Abra||41968|
|BOLCAN, BIEN MARIE G.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41860|
|BOLIVAR, MARIA EVA L.||May 8, 1997||Naga City||42000|
|BONDOC, GITANJALI M.||March 19, 1997||Manila||41399|
|BONGA-BOCO, ISMAELA A.||May 8, 1997||Llrente, Eastern Samar||41753|
|BONGHANOY, ORWEN O.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41555|
|BOOC, OLIVER T.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42072|
|BORDEOS, CHESTER T.||May 8, 1997||Legaspi City||41934|
|BORDON, GEMMA F.||May 9, 1997||Cuartero, Capiz||42284|
|BORGE, REGINALD C.||May 8, 1997||Narvacan, Ilocos Sur||41758|
|BORGONIA, RECAREDO C. JR.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41979|
|BORJA, CECILLE MONETTE L.||May 8, 1997||San Fernando, La Union||41855|
|BORRES, RAMIRO B. JR.||May 9, 1997||Malinao, Albay||42352|
|BRAGA, PAUL R.||December 10, 1997||Burgos, Palawan||42608|
|BRAGANZA, MAVIMENO R. JR.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41412|
|BRASALES, MARLO C.||May 7, 1997||Isulan, Sultan Kudarat||41547|
|BRAVO, ROMEO G.||May 10, 1997||Naguilian, La Union||42523|
|BRAZIL, FELIX V. JR.||May 7, 1997||Bula, Camarines Sur||41507|
|BRIGUERA, KIM B.||May 10, 1997||Naga City||42490|
|BRON, ANTONIO C.||May 9, 1997||Tabaco, Albay||42380|
|BROTARLO, EMMANUEL S.||May 9, 1997||Iloilo City||42282|
|BRUCE, ROBERTO M. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42350|
|BUENAFLOR, ROMEO C. JR.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42296|
|BUENAVENTURA, BENEDICTO D.||May 9, 1997||Gubat, Sorsogon||42400|
|BUENAVENTURA, DORYLENE S.||July 14, 1997||Sta. Catalina, Negros Oriental||42584|
|BUENAVENTURA, MA. THERESA L.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41637|
|BUENAVENTURA, ROMEO S.||May 9, 1997||Pinamalayan, Or. Mindoro||42122|
|BUENAVENTURA, VICTOR REY P.||May 10, 1997||Tabogon, Cebu||42457|
|BUHAY, MARIE ANN M.||May 8, 1997||San Miguel, Surigao del Sur||42060|
|BULOS, JEWEL D.||May 7, 1997||Gamu, Isabela||41630|
|BUMACOD, ARSENIO V.||May 7, 1997||Alaminos, Pangasinan||41681|
|BUNDAC, LYDIA A.||May 9, 1997||Iligan City||42299|
|BUNOAN, JULIANAREINE RHEA L.||May 8, 1997||Tagudin, Ilocos Sur||41882|
|BUNSOY, MA. CARMINA S.||May 10, 1997||Orani,Bataan||42498|
|BUQUE, NESTOR D. JR.||May 9, 1997||Camarines Sur||42260|
|BUSTAMANTE, BIBIANO M.||May 8, 1997||Mati, Davao Oriental||41867|
|BUTAWAN, ERNESTO M.||May 7, 1997||Baybay, Leyte||41458|
|CABALATUNGAN, JOEL P.||May 9, 1997||Bacolod City||42203|
|CABAÑERO, EDNA L.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41999|
|CABANILLA, RENE S.||May 8, 1997||Poblacion, Aguilar, Pangasinan||41815|
|CABANLAS-CAROZ, ANNA S.||May 7, 1997||Salay, Misamis Oriental||41725|
|CABARDO, EUGENE C.||May 8, 1997||Leon, Iloilo||41751|
|CABARRUBIAS, RICO E.||May 7, 1997||Buenavista, Bohol||41722|
|CABERTE, JAIME B.||May 7, 1997||Ginatilan, Cebu||41455|
|CABRAL, GENARO S.||May 10, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||42538|
|CABRAL, RAMIRO ALFREDO R.||May 10, 1997||Lagonoy, Camarines Sur||42562|
|CABRERA, RUDY J.||May 8, 1997||San Mateo, Isabela||41748|
|CABRERA III, ROBERTO P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41862|
|CABUS, JACINTO C.||May 10, 1997||Zamboanguita, Negros Oriental||42514|
|CACHO, DANTE A.||May 29, 1997||Basco, Batanes||42579|
|CAIÑA, CHUBASCO CENEN T.||May 7, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||41416|
|CALANGI, DANIEL ALDRIN S.||May 7, 1997||Batangas City||41457|
|CALDERON, EMMELINE D.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41850|
|CALDERON, VISSIA CONCEPCION C.||May 8, 1997||Roxas, Isabela||41993|
|CALIÑGO, MARILOU G.||May 7, 1997||Pasig City||41569|
|CALIP, MONIQUE AURORA M.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42016|
|CALIXIHAN, FLORO G. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41932|
|CALIZO, EDGAR S.||May 10, 1997||Ibajay, Aklan||42566|
|CALLEJA, JAIME A.||May 9, 1997||Sorsogon, Sorsogon||42157|
|CALLEJA, JONAS B.||May 8, 1997||Bacacay, Albay||41938|
|CALUPITAN, OLYMPIA M.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41661|
|CAMACHO, ERWIN JOHN S.||May 9, 1997||Batangas City||42267|
|CAMACHO, KAREN PATRICIA G.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||42027|
|CAMACHO, RODRIGO P.||May 7, 1997||Clarin, Bohol||41709|
|CAMBE, RICHARD A.||May 8, 1997||San Felipe, Zambales||42041|
|CAMEROS, LUCIANO G.||May 7, 1997||Digos, Davao del Sur||41499|
|CAMINO, MARVIN G.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41405|
|CAÑARES, LEO B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41656|
|CANDELARIO-DELA CRUZ, CHRISTINE I.||May 10, 1997||Kalibo, Aklan||42542|
|CANE, JORGE JOHN T.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41659|
|CAÑETE, EUFEMIA L.||May 7, 1997||Danao City||41422|
|CAÑETE-TUPAS, MAE T.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42429|
|CANOSA, ROBERT V.||May 7, 1997||Narvacan, Ilocos Sur||41623|
|CANTAGO, ROBERTO A. JR.||May 7, 1997||Ozamiz City||41738|
|CANUTO, B. MARC A.||May 9, 1997||Iriga City||42237|
|CAPILI, DEBORAH R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41788|
|CAPUNO, CONCEPCION T.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41454|
|CARABBACAN, EDWIN B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41770|
|CARACUT, MARIA EARLA C.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41453|
|CARAG, HONORATO M. JR.||May 8, 1997||Enrile, Cagayan||41818|
|CARAG, JESUSA L.||May 7, 1997||Solana, Cagayan||41650|
|CARALE, BENJAMIN R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41895|
|CARANDANG, ARTHUR C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41497|
|CARANTES, LEILENE MARIE R.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||42037|
|CARATAO, EDUARDO R.||May 10, 1997||Cebu City||42553|
|CARDONES, RENE G. JR.||May 8, 1997||Binalbagan, Negros Occidental||41827|
|CARINGAL, RONALDO M.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42393|
|CARLOS, DEMETRIO P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41917|
|CARRANZA, SALVADOR GEORGE C. JR.||May 9, 1997||Baguio City||42185|
|CARRILLO-PANTIG, THELMA S.||May 7, 1997||Carmen, Bohol||41445|
|CASIANO, AUREA ELNORA A.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41889|
|CASILA-DERAYUNAN, REZA M.||May 8, 1997||Lupon, Davao Oriental||42032|
|CASINGAL, CHARINA IMELDA A.||May 7, 1997||Dagupan City||41604|
|CASIÑO, AMADOR P. JR.||May 9, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||42111|
|CASIÑO-DAMASING, CAROLYN N.||May 7, 1997||Villanueva, Misamis Oriental||41675|
|CASTELAR, ANDRES D. JR.||May 9, 1997||Tabaco, Albay||42139|
|CASTILLO, ALFREDO A.||May 10, 1997||San Jose, Occ. Mindoro||42417|
|CASTILLO, GINGER ANNE S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42153|
|CASTILLO, JEROME PATRICK A.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42216|
|CASTILLO, MANUEL J. JR.||May 8, 1997||Bacolod City||42003|
|CASTRO, ARNOLD P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42229|
|CASTRO, JOSEPH DENNIS C.||May 7, 1997||San Fernando, Pampanga||41522|
|CATABAY, JOMAR C.||May 8, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||41839|
|CATACUTAN-ACAS, HELEN||May 7, 1997||Tanjay, Negros Oriental||41567|
|CATALAN, POLICARPIO I. JR.||May 7, 1997||Quezon, Bukidnon||41723|
|CATALUÑA, BERNARDO C.||May 10, 1997||Tacurong, Cotabato||42443|
|CAUNAN, BEATRICE A.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42372|
|CELINO, RYAN M.||May 7, 1997||Baguio City||41646|
|CELIS, JOSEPH S.||May 9, 1997||Iloilo City||42251|
|CERVERA, ANITA LOURDES P.||May 7, 1997||Matalon, Leyte||41413|
|CHALUYAN, FELINO P.||May 9, 1997||Barlig, Mt. Province||42241|
|CHAN LUGAY, PETER||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41784|
|CHAN-SANCHEZ, PERLITA L.||May 7, 1997||Caloocan City||41736|
|CHAVEZ, ADELE CARR M.||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41535|
|CHAVEZ, CESAR L. JR.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||42028|
|CHAVEZ, EDEN B.||May 9, 1997||Naga, Zamboanga del Sur||42391|
|CHAVEZ, MARIA RAQUEL S.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42384|
|CHIONG, VICTORIANO T. JR.||May 9, 1997||Zamboanga City||42202|
|CHIONGSON, REA A.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41828|
|CHUA, CHARLIE G.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42147|
|CINCO IV, ALFONSO M.||May 10, 1997||Samar||42441|
|CINCO-BACTAT, THERESA G.||May 8, 1997||Zamboanga City||41907|
|CLAVERIA-DY, LIZA C.||May 7, 1997||Calasiao, Pangasinan||41649|
|CLEDERA, HECTOR R.||May 7, 1997||Legaspi City||41506|
|CLEMENTE, NELSON A.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41778|
|CLEMENTE, WILFREDO M.||May 9, 1997||Tublay, Benguet||42373|
|CO, JOSE N.||May 10, 1997||Bontoc, Mt. Province||42450|
|CO, ROELA D.||May 10, 1997||Silay, Negros Occ.||42435|
|CO, ROWENA S.||May 8, 1997||Pambujan, Northern Samar||41782|
|COBARRUBIAS, SUZANNE D.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41836|
|COBOL, ALEJANDRO A.||May 10, 1997||Sulop, Davao del Sur||42521|
|COLLADO, ANTONIO GERARDO B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41929|
|COLUMNA, DAVILAHN W.||May 10, 1997||Koronadal, South Cotabato||42522|
|CONCEPCION, BENJAMIN L.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41425|
|CONCEPCION, RENIER P.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41423|
|CONTRERAS, ESTEBAN ANGELES B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41711|
|CONTRERAS, SEAN CYRIL R.||May 8, 1997||Iligan, Lanao del Norte||41810|
|CORDERO, NEIL U.||May 8, 1997||Tacloban City||42071|
|CORDOBA, GAMALIEL A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42213|
|CORONEL, GILBERT ANTONINO S.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41905|
|COROZA, ARTHUR C.||May 7, 1997||Liliw, Laguna||41515|
|CORPUZ, ALMOND ASHLEY B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41627|
|CORTES, SHARON MARIE P.||May 7, 1997||Batan, Aklan||41574|
|COYUKIAT, MARIA OLIVIA B.||May 8, 1997||Sta. Cruz, Laguna||41849|
|CRABAJALES, CONSTANTINO D.||May 9, 1997||Dau, Mabalakat, Pampanga||42189|
|CRISOLOGO-LARA, RACQUEL||May 7, 1997||Bacoor, Cavite||41451|
|CRUZ, ALLEN D.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41831|
|CRUZ, TERESITA L.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42173|
|CUCUECO, ALFONSO M.||May 10, 1997||Guagua, Pampanga||42565|
|CUDIAMAT, RICHARD G.||May 9, 1997||Banayoyo, Ilocos Sur||42263|
|CUEVAS, MARIA DULCE M.||May 10, 1997||Butuan City||42480|
|CULLO, DANILO A.||May 10, 1997||Lutayan, Sultan Kudarat||42448|
|CUNA, JUAN MIGUEL T.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42164|
|CUNANAN, LORETO C.||May 8, 1997||Macabebe, Pampanga||41927|
|CUYO-AVILA, VERONICA A.||May 10, 1997||Naga City||42423|
|DA COSTA, BRIGITTE M.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42276|
|DAAROL, FLORDABBIE T.||May 7, 1997||Liloy, Zamboanga del Norte||41734|
|DADIVAS, RONNIE T.||May 7, 1997||Roxas City||41536|
|DAEP, THEA T.||May 8, 1997||Legaspi City||41992|
|DAGALA, EXEQUIL L.||May 9, 1997||Del Carmen, Surigao del Norte||42403|
|DAGDAGAN, ROBINSON I.||February 20, 1997||Badoc, Ilocos Norte||41396|
|DAGOOC, PIO D.||May 7, 1997||Marbel, South Cotabato||41531|
|DAKUDAO, RAYMOND E.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42182|
|DALATEN, JUNIUS F.||May 7, 1997||Dagupan City||41664|
|DANICO, DANILO A.||July 14, 1997||Saravia, Negros Occidental||42592|
|DANTA, LOURDES ANTONIETTA J.||May 8, 1997||Makati City||41973|
|DASCIL, RODELIO T.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41523|
|DASMARIÑAS, DORENDA M.||May 9, 1997||Pagadian City||42195|
|DATAYA, CESAR M.||May 10, 1997||Cotabato City||42446|
|DATINGUINOO, AMOR M.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42124|
|DATUIN, EDGARDO P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42146|
|DAUZ, CALIXTO FERDINAND B. III||July 14, 1997||Lucena City||42591|
|DAVID, MATTHEW M.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42270|
|DAVID, ROMEO E.||May 7, 1997||Floridablanca, Pampanga||41443|
|DAVIDE, HILARIO P. III||June 20, 1997||Cebu City||42581|
|DAWAL, STEPHANIE V.||May 7, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||41718|
|DAYAO, MAR LEA B.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42494|
|DAYCO, FROILAN S.||May 8, 1997||Pateros, Rizal||41825|
|DAZO, ROY EDGAR D.||May 8, 1997||Sta. Fe, Nueva Vizcaya||41858|
|DE CASTRO, CLARO C. JR.||May 7, 1997||Mabini, Batangas||41435|
|DE CASTRO, RAYMOND PETER C.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42180|
|DE DIOS, FROILAN A.||May 9, 1997||Mandaluyong City||42298|
|DE GRACIA, RODRIGO P.||May 7, 1997||Buguey, Cagayan||41584|
|DE GUZMAN, BENIGNO Q.||May 7, 1997||Dagupan City||41631|
|DE GUZMAN, EDGARDO R.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41890|
|DE GUZMAN, NELIA E.||May 8, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||41813|
|DE JESUS, CAROLINA F.||May 7, 1997||Malolos, Bulacan||41641|
|DE JESUS, CLODUALDO R. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42062|
|DE JESUS, PAVEENA C.||May 8, 1997||Tabaco, Albay||41808|
|DE LA CRUZ, NEREO T.||May 8, 1997||Calbayog City||41874|
|DE LA TORRE-CARDONA, TRINIDAD||May 7, 1997||Malaybalay, Bukidnon||41465|
|DE LEON, JOSE MARIA B.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42104|
|DE LEON, JULIET MARIE B.||May 9, 1997||Makati City||42301|
|DE LOS REYES, NESTOR P.||May 9, 1997||Tinago, Ligao, Albay||42382|
|DE LOS SANTOS, GERMAN L.||May 10, 1997||Malasiqui, Pangasinan||42504|
|DE VERA, ANDY S.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41418|
|DE VERA, ELOISA B.||May 9, 1997||San Fernando, La Union||42366|
|DE VERA, MARIE JOSEPHINE B.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41541|
|DEGAY, AMADEO B.||May 9, 1997||Sagada, Mt. Province||42332|
|DEL ROSARIO, ANA THERESA B.||May 9, 1997||Bocaue, Bulacan||42304|
|DEL ROSARIO, MONICA DELFINA P P.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42408|
|DELA CRUZ, AILEEN T.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42228|
|DELA CRUZ, ALOYSIUS PACELLI C. II||May 8, 1997||Aklan||42069|
|DELA CRUZ, BEATO ALESSANDRO C. III||May 8, 1997||Aklan||42070|
|DELA CRUZ, JERRY S.||May 10, 1997||Panganiban, Catanduanes||42531|
|DELA CRUZ, PHILLIP L.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41430|
|DELA FUENTE-TORRES, ROSITA L.||May 10, 1997||Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija||42459|
|DELA VEGA, JAMES IAN L.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42143|
|DELA VEGA, JEROME L.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41767|
|DELARMENTE, REX D.||May 9, 1997||Dumangas, Iloilo||42134|
|DELLEVA, LAMBERTO B.||May 9, 1997||Carlis, Iloilo||42175|
|DELMENDO, MICHAEL JOHN DC.||May 7, 1997||Sampaloc, Manila||41467|
|DELOS SANTOS, BONIFACIO P.||May 9, 1997||Castillejos, Zambales||42074|
|DEMESA, JOSLLYN P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41769|
|DENIA, LYNDON B.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41915|
|DENNA, JANET Q.||May 10, 1997||Cabanatuan City||42485|
|DEOCAMPO, DEO B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41726|
|DESIDERIO, MA. MILLICENT JOIE L.||May 9, 1997||Mandaluyong City||42368|
|DESTUA, DONNA MARIE I.||May 7, 1997||Manapla, Negros Occidental||41710|
|DETICIO, ROLAND F.||May 8, 1997||Cagayan del Oro City||42061|
|DIAO, IV, ELEUTERIO F.||May 7, 1997||Negros Or.||41679|
|DIAZ, ALBINE HYACINTH S.||May 10, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42536|
|DIMALIBOT, DEINRADO SIMON D.||May 8, 1997||Bauan, Batangas||42066|
|DIMAYUGA, AMADO PAOLO C.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42305|
|DINGAL, RENALDO B.||May 7, 1997||Samboan, Cebu||41677|
|DINGLASAN, DENNIS P.||May 8, 1997||Rosario, Batangas||41926|
|DIOLA, DEDETTE B.||May 9, 1997||San Carlos City||42145|
|DIOMAMPO, MARIA ROSARIO C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42118|
|DITCHING, MA. THERESA B.||May 9, 1997||Bacolod City||42201|
|DIVINO, JACOB MILTON C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42356|
|DIZON, EUGENIO R.||May 8, 1997||Balanga, Bataan||41817|
|DOCENA, EDWIN B.||May 9, 1997||Taft, Eastern Samar||42247|
|DONALDO, JEROME G.||May 9, 1997||San Francisco, Cebu||42133|
|DONDOYANO, JOSE RENE G.||May 7, 1997||Dapitan City||41720|
|DORADO, FERMIN T.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42392|
|DORONILA, ELIZABETH D.||May 9, 1997||Iloilo City||42411|
|DUGAYON, JEFF J.||May 9, 1997||Pinukpuk, Kalinga||42388|
|DUHAYLUNGSOD, ADAM S.||May 7, 1997||Siquijor, Siquijor||41683|
|DULATAS, EUSEBIO P. JR.||May 7, 1997||Meycauayan, Bulacan||41519|
|DULAY, CECILIA CORAZON S.||May 7, 1997||Mankayan, Benguet||41733|
|DULNUAN, MANUEL L. JR.||May 7, 1997||Lamut, Ifugao||41731|
|DUMLAO, LIBERTY Z.||May 7, 1997||Makati City||41586|
|DUNGALA, HENRY M.||May 7, 1997||Besao, Mt. Province||41735|
|DUQUE, ZALIBETH L.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42120|
|DY, ANTONIO B.||May 8, 1997||Casiguran, Sorsogon||41756|
|ECALDRE, SOFRONIO P.||May 9, 1997||Lawaan, Eastern Samar||42211|
|ECHICA, CARMELO D.||May 10, 1997||Cebu City||42518|
|ECO, ROLANDO O.||May 8, 1997||Magallanes Luna, La Union||41840|
|EDRALIN, CLETO M.||May 8, 1997||Dingras, Ilocos Norte||41807|
|EDUVANE, DOMIE S.||March 18, 1997||Masinloc, Zambales||41398|
|EFREN, GENESIS E.||May 9, 1997||Old Bayugan, Agusan del Sur||42410|
|EGYPTO, RENATO V.||May 9, 1997||Lianga, Surigao del Sur||42354|
|ELECO, JONATHAN L.||May 9, 1997||Poblacion, Canlaon City||42379|
|ELEFANTE, FELINO Z.||May 8, 1997||Urdaneta, Pangasinan||41914|
|ELESTERIO, PETRONIO V.||May 7, 1997||Ayungon, Negros Oriental||41544|
|ELIZAGA, FLORDELIZ A.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41984|
|ENAMAN, JOSE M.||May 9, 1997||Caloocan City||42115|
|ENGINCO, EMERITO I.||May 10, 1997||Lipa City||42530|
|ENRIQUEZ, ALLAN S.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42470|
|ENRIQUEZ, JAMES F.||May 9, 1997||Zamboanga City||42404|
|ENTILA, MARIE GRACE V.||May 9, 1997||Bacolod City||42207|
|ENVERGA, CARLITO O.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41946|
|EQUILA, CLIFORD S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42108|
|ESCORO, LEONIDAS A.||May 8, 1997||Catbalogan, Samar||41811|
|ESCUADRO, MERCEDES VICTORIA P.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41690|
|ESCUETA-LEGACION, MARION ELOISA D.||May 7, 1997||Daet, Camarines Norte||41548|
|ESPA, GONZALO S.||May 9, 1997||Iloilo City||42252|
|ESPARAGOZA, STELLA S.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41408|
|ESPERE, PATRICK M.||May 10, 1997||Maasin, Southern Leyte||42551|
|ESPINOSA, MERLY C.||May 9, 1997||Cervantes, Ilocos Sur||42351|
|ESQUIVIAS, EDUARDO D.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42249|
|ESTRABO, RICARDO C.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41974|
|ESTRADA, AMELI AMOR R.||May 7, 1997||Malaybalay, Bukidnon||41554|
|ESTRADA, CATHERINE SOCORRO O.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41406|
|ESTRELLADO, CARMEL JOSA A.||May 9, 1997||Daet, Camarines Norte||42209|
|EVANGELISTA, ELIZABETH M.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42560|
|EVANGELISTA, RICHARD G.||May 7, 1997||Ilagan, Isabela||41545|
|FABELLO, JOHANNES JOB U.||May 8, 1997||Odiongan, Romblon||41876|
|FABIAN, ROBERTO D.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41981|
|FABILA, MARITESS E.||May 7, 1997||Aborlan, Palawan||41518|
|FABILA, RAE STEVE A.||May 8, 1997||Mlang, Cotabato||41879|
|FABULAR-LAO, MONA LIZA L.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42401|
|FAILADONA, GRACE B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41589|
|FALCUTILA, RALESTON F.||May 9, 1997||Odiongon, Romblon||42390|
|FALLARME, DAMASO D.||May 7, 1997||Sariaya, Quezon||41593|
|FALLER, ROLANDO B.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42144|
|FELICIANO, MA. LOURDES C.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42497|
|FELIPE, GUERRERO A.||May 9, 1997||Mt. Province||42374|
|FENIX, RHODORA N.||May 8, 1997||Poblacion, Palompon, Leyte||41985|
|FERANCULLO, SANCHO M. JR.||May 7, 1997||Pinamalayan, Oriental Mindoro||41632|
|FERNANDEZ, CHRISTIAN R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42014|
|FERNANDEZ, MERLENE B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41795|
|FERNANDEZ, MIA L.||July 7, 1997||Manila||42582|
|FERNANDEZ, VINCENT F.||May 9, 1997||Zamboanga City||42406|
|FERRER, JOSE ANTONIO C.||May 14, 1997||Balagtas, Bulacan||42575|
|FERRERAS, PURITA A.||May 10, 1997||Tacloban City||42461|
|FERRIOLS, DORCAS P.||May 8, 1997||Batangas City||41789|
|FIGURA, REGINA T.||May 23, 1997||Cebu City||42577|
|FILOSOPO, MA. CONSUELO E.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42346|
|FLOR, MANOLO A.||May 8, 1997||Laoag, Ilocos Norte||42048|
|FLOR MATA-BARRIENTOS, BENEDICTA S.||July 14, 1997||Balungao, Pangasinan||42594|
|FLORENTINO, LYDIA V.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42129|
|FLORES, MARITES U.||May 7, 1997||Dumaguete City||41603|
|FLORES, MARY JANE V.||May 9, 1997||Cardona, Rizal||42280|
|FLORES, NOEL C.||May 8, 1997||Angeles City||41903|
|FONACIER, GRACE U.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42152|
|FONTANILLA, ROMEL H.||May 7, 1997||Sta. Lucia, Ilocos Sur||41439|
|FORTUNA, CARLO PONTICO C.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41871|
|FRANCISCO, SANTIAGO G.||May 7, 1997||Palompon, Leyte||41417|
|FRIANEZA, JOSEPH N.||May 9, 1997||Pozorrubio, Pangasinan||42235|
|FUENTES, LETICIA P.||May 8, 1997||Passi, Iloilo||41902|
|FULACHE, JOSEPH F.||May 10, 1997||Cebu City||42519|
|GABISON, TIMOTEO S. JR.||May 8, 1997||Lagtang, Talisay, Cebu||42051|
|GABUYO, DANIEL P.||May 7, 1997||Guimba, Nueva Ecija||41464|
|GABUYO, MA. REGINA VIOLETA T.||May 9, 1997||Candon, Ilocos Sur||42086|
|GACAD, FLORENCE MARIE A.||May 9, 1997||Baguio City||42375|
|GAITE, CLARENCE FERNANDO R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41771|
|GAITERA, PATRICK FLAUBERT Q.||May 9, 1997||Sta. Catalina, Negros Or.||42387|
|GALANG, PATRICIA A.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42232|
|GALARRITA, CHARISSE A.||May 10, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||42420|
|GALARRITA, DWIGHT M.||May 10, 1997||ALUBIJID, MISAMIS ORIENTAL||42425|
|GALLANOSA, MARILYN V.||September 5, 1997||Manila||42603|
|GALVAN, NYORLITO P.||May 9, 1997||Naga City||42198|
|GALVEZ, LEANIE C.||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41505|
|GAÑAC, NORMAN C.||May 9, 1997||Flora, Apayao||42217|
|GARADO, EDUARDO SERAPIO M.||May 10, 1997||Guian, Eastern Samar||42454|
|GARCIA, ELEAZAR S.||May 10, 1997||Angeles City||42439|
|GARCIA, JOEL R.||May 10, 1997||Batac, Ilocos Norte||42496|
|GARCIA, JOSEF LEROI L.||May 9, 1997||San Fernando, Pampanga||42398|
|GARCIA, JULIET SUSAN C.||May 7, 1997||Mobo, Masbate||41487|
|GARCIA, OLIVER OWEN L.||May 8, 1997||Malaybalay, Bukidnon||42008|
|GARCIA, OLIVER. S.||May 10, 1997||Angeles City||42570|
|GARCIA, TOFEL C.||May 8, 1997||Dumangas, Iloilo||41970|
|GARONG, RIXON M.||May 7, 1997||Gapan, Nueva Ecija||41514|
|GATCHO, MANUEL T.||May 7, 1997||San Miguel, Tarlac||41559|
|GAY, WILFREDO G.||May 7, 1997||Matalon, Leyte||41539|
|GECOLEA, ROMMEL A.||May 7, 1997||Cabuyao, Laguna||41628|
|GERASMO, VIRGINIA R.||May 8, 1997||Kiamba, South Cotabato||41799|
|GIANAN, ALDEN V.||May 8, 1997||Legaspi City||41923|
|GIDO, FELICIDAD R.||May 7, 1997||Urbiztondo, Pangasinan||41411|
|GIDUQUIO, JOAN A.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41829|
|GIERRAN, DANTE A.||May 8, 1997||Cotabato City||41898|
|GILO, LEO R.||May 9, 1997||Gamu, Isabela||42311|
|GIRAO, MA. VICTORIA M.||May 8, 1997||San Pascual, Batangas||41912|
|GO, ERWIN C.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41764|
|GOJAR, JOSE G.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42239|
|GONZAGA, ROBERT B.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41433|
|GONZAGA, RUWEL PETER S.||May 7, 1997||Mawab, Davao City||41407|
|GONZALES, ELEAZAR L.||May 7, 1997||Pasay City||41479|
|GONZALES, FELIX D. JR.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41694|
|GONZALES, GRACE CARMELA R.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41935|
|GONZALES, LEONARDO L. JR.||May 9, 1997||Calabanga, Camarines Sur||42277|
|GONZALES, REYNALDO D.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41695|
|GONZALES II, RENE I.||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41684|
|GONZALES-TALION, GISELLE B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41928|
|GONZALEZ, CARLA MAY FELICIDAD C.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42150|
|GONZALEZ, DONABELLE V.||May 10, 1997||Kalibo, Aklan||42552|
|GONZALEZ, JOSE MARIANO C. G.||May 9, 1997||Gen. Santos City||42371|
|GORRE, INGRID ROSALIE L.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41509|
|GRAVADOR, WALDEMAR R.||May 7, 1997||Dumaguete City||41703|
|GRIENGO, ELSA L.||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41434|
|GUERRERO, DENNIS M.||May 10, 1997||Lucena City||42509|
|GUERRERO, STEPHEN P.||May 9, 1997||Marikina, Rizal||42117|
|GUEVARRA, JOSE DIONISIO N. JR.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42517|
|GUEVARRA, ROBERTO C.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42502|
|GUIA, JOSEPHINE C.||May 8, 1997||Libmanan, Camarines Sur||41780|
|GUILLERMO, RONALD O.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42049|
|GUINOCOR, GLORIOSA C.||May 9, 1997||Baybay, Leyte||42328|
|GULMATICO, YVONNE B.||May 9, 1997||Bacolod City||42200|
|GUMANA, NECTAR PRECIOUS HOPE H.||May 7, 1997||Ampatuan, Maguindanao||41640|
|GUMELA, JUVENIR T.||May 7, 1997||Dipolog City||41705|
|GUTAY, VICENTE D. JR.||May 8, 1997||Allen, Samar||41948|
|GUTIERREZ, RICHARD C.||July 14, 1997||Sta. Maria , Bulacan||42585|
|HAGAD, MARIA REGINA F.||May 7, 1997||Cotabato City||41485|
|HALILI, GERONIMO B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41791|
|HAO, JUDY||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41893|
|HAYUDINI, ALDIN H.||May 8, 1997||Jolo, Sulu||41814|
|HERNAEZ, NEIL F.||May 8, 1997||Sta. Lucia, Ilocos Sur||41863|
|HEYROSA, ERWIN ROMMEL B.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41473|
|HIDALGO, JULIUS A.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42506|
|HIMAN, ERIC D.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42168|
|HIPOLITO, CLARINDA P.||May 9, 1997||Nueva Ecija||42194|
|HOFILEÑA-SAM, TERESITA ROSARIO G.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41446|
|HORMACHUELOS, HEDELIZA O.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41607|
|HUSMILLO, RAUL M.||May 7, 1997||San Jose, Batangas||41498|
|IBAY, ANGELA CONSUELO S.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41896|
|ILAGAN, JOSEPH ADOLFO C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41595|
|IMPERIAL, ALEXANDER JOHN S.||May 8, 1997||Naga City||41955|
|IMPERIAL, JOHN GISELHER F.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41635|
|IMUS, SALVADOR T. JR.||May 9, 1997||Malasiqui, Pangasinan||42227|
|INGENTE, RONALDO B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42040|
|INOCENCIO, AQUILINO M.||May 7, 1997||Hagonoy, Bulacan||41491|
|IRA, LOUELLA P.||May 8, 1997||Oroquieta City, Misamis Occidental||42013|
|ISIDORO, IRENE VICTORIA C.||July 14, 1997||Manila||42589|
|ISIDRO, EMELITA V.||May 10, 1997||San Rafael, Bulacan||42567|
|JACINTO, JOSEPH NOLAN H.||May 7, 1997||Dapitan City||41530|
|JACOB, DAVID C.||May 10, 1997||Governor Generoso, Davao Oriental||42516|
|JALANDONI, MARK E.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42323|
|JAMSANI, ROHERMIA J.||May 8, 1997||Jolo, Sulu||41975|
|JANDUSAY, JOSEFINA A.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42488|
|JAVATE, JONATHAN V.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42222|
|JAVATE, LAZARO M.||May 7, 1997||Jaen, Nueva Ecija||41468|
|JAVIER, NORLANDO B.||May 8, 1997||Sto. Tomas, Batangas||42017|
|JAVIER, PETER JOHN U.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42287|
|JAVIER, WASHINGTON M.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42337|
|JEROTA, JAY L.||May 7, 1997||Bacolod City||41475|
|JIMENEZ, DENNIS DYLAN F.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42369|
|JIMENEZ, JOSE R.||May 7, 1997||Magsingal, Ilocos Sur||41578|
|JOCOM, ROBERTO M. JR.||July 14, 1997||Iriga City||42586|
|JOLEJOLE, JOSEPHINE E.||May 10, 1997||Surigao City||42507|
|JORDA, MA. LIZA M.||May 9, 1997||Tanawan, Leyte||42081|
|JOVELLAR, ALEJANDRO D.||May 7, 1997||Panabo, Davao del Norte||41721|
|JOVER, GERALYN A.||May 7, 1997||Roxas City||41561|
|JUAN, RONALD ALLAN B.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41501|
|JUMIANJANG, MANDUTONG S. JR.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42353|
|JUNTILLA, LYNDON D.||May 7, 1997||Baybay, Leyte||41660|
|KAPUNAN, ROWENA R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42183|
|KATALBAS, RIZAL V. JR.||May 8, 1997||Sagay, Negros Occidental||41847|
|KHO, JAMES L.||May 7, 1997||Bacolod City||41404|
|KIAT-ONG, JAMES F.||May 8, 1997||Bontoc, Mt. Province||41960|
|KUDERA, LORETO S.||May 9, 1997||Inopacan, Leyte||42340|
|KUONG, CLARISA V.||May 9, 1997||Caloocan City||42087|
|LABATA, SIMACO L.||May 7, 1997||Maasin, Southern Leyte||41419|
|LABIS, MARIO PAUL A.||May 7, 1997||Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon||41674|
|LABRADOR, MARIA CORAZON M.||May 8, 1997||Paoay, Ilocos Norte||41931|
|LACASA, SYLVIA R.||May 9, 1997||Salcedo, Eastern Samar||42378|
|LACSON-ACUYADO, JOSEPHINE S.||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41528|
|LADAO, DONNA R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42096|
|LADRERA, RACHELLE M.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41510|
|LAGAHINO, MA. TERESA J.||May 7, 1997||Manapla, Negros Occidental||41558|
|LAGAHIT, NEIL RAY M.||May 19, 1997||Negros Oriental||42576|
|LAGAMON, ALFREDO R. JR.||March 6, 1997||Malaybalay, Bukidnon||41397|
|LAGARE, MARY ANNE S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42162|
|LAGDAMEO, MARCO MANUEL Q.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41768|
|LAMPASA, CICERO T.||May 10, 1997||Catbalogan, Samar||42492|
|LANDICHO, FELIPE M.||May 8, 1997||Lemery, Batangas||41885|
|LANDRITO, RAMON P.||May 10, 1997||Bacoor, Cavite||42537|
|LAO, VICENCIO S.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41809|
|LAPASARAN, SIEGFRID ERIC G.||May 8, 1997||Marawi City||42068|
|LARA, GERARDO F.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41920|
|LARENA, ARNOLD G.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41878|
|LARGA, ROBERT L.||May 8, 1997||Boac, Marinduque||41746|
|LARIDA, MERCEDITAS C.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41534|
|LARIOSA, ARIELITA E.||May 7, 1997||Basak, Cebu City||41657|
|LARRAZABAL, GREGORIO Y.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42344|
|LATIDO, MA. LERMA V.||May 9, 1997||Malvar, Batangas||42233|
|LAURON, GARY JULITO G.||May 7, 1997||Romblon, Romblon||41618|
|LAY-AT, ROLANDO A.||May 9, 1997||Buguias, Benguet||42342|
|LAYUG, JOSE M. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42196|
|LAYUGAN, DEBORA ANASTACIA T.||May 8, 1997||Ilagan, Isabela||41988|
|LAZAGA, NIÑA FE S.||May 9, 1997||San Fabian, Pangasinan||42113|
|LAZARO, REINALDO SP.||May 8, 1997||Bocaue, Bulacan||42021|
|LAZOL, ALMA D.||May 9, 1997||Vigan, Ilocos Sur||42093|
|LEE, RICHARD C.||May 8, 1997||Dimasalang, Masbate||41826|
|LEGASPI, IV, EMILIO Y.||May 8, 1997||Iloilo City||41757|
|LEGISLADOR-LOPEZ, SUZETTE L.||May 8, 1997||Iloilo City||41980|
|LENON, CRISTINA S.||May 8, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||41798|
|LEONARDO, OLIVER O.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42358|
|LERMA, LEE BENJAMIN Z.||May 8, 1997||Makati City||41804|
|LIBERATO, AMANTE A.||May 8, 1997||San Quintin, Abra||41913|
|LIGAS, PASTOR C. JR.||May 8, 1997||Rizal, Cagayan||41853|
|LIGON, ROLANDO T. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42015|
|LIM, JANE L.||December 10, 1997||Manila||42609|
|LIM, ROBERTO A. JR.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42473|
|LIMJOCO, CARLO FRANCO THOMAS C.||May 7, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||41538|
|LIMOS, VERSELIE E.||May 8, 1997||La Union||42030|
|LIMOSNERO, MICHAEL ROSS I.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42106|
|LIMQUECO, LANCELOT S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42100|
|LINAAC, GODOFREDO D.||May 9, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||42322|
|LISACA, JONAS GIOVANNI Q.||May 8, 1997||San Julian, Eastern Samar||42045|
|LLAGAS, CHERYL P.||May 9, 1997||Urdaneta, Pangasinan||42110|
|LOGRONIO, ROSELLER T.||May 10, 1997||Floridablanca, Pampanga||42469|
|LOJA, SEVERINA MELISSA H.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42557|
|LOOD, GISELA F.||May 8, 1997||Panglao, Bohol||41859|
|LOPEZ, CESAR R. JR.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42306|
|LOPEZ, JUAN ANTONIO R.||May 9, 1997||Makati City||42220|
|LOPEZ, RENATO B. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42214|
|LOPOZ, JAIME M. JR.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42422|
|LORIA, EDUARDO M.||May 10, 1997||Daraga, Albay||42437|
|LOVERANES, PAUL RAYMUND C.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||41854|
|LOZADA, NILO L.||May 8, 1997||Tago, Surigao del Sur||42057|
|LUCERO, MANUEL T.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41592|
|LUMIQUED, SEVERINO MANUEL G.||May 9, 1997||Mankayan, Benguet||42079|
|LUNA, MANUELITO R.||May 9, 1997||Isabela, Basilan||42073|
|LUNA II, MENELEO JOSE A.||May 23, 1997||Calapan, Oriental Mindoro||42578|
|LUSTERIO, RAMON C.||May 7, 1997||Lucena City||41481|
|MABAZZA, ANTONIO B.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42082|
|MACABUTAS, DIOSDADO A.||May 7, 1997||Cuyo, Palawan||41429|
|MACALINGAY, LYNN B.||May 10, 1997||Sagada, Mt. Province||42438|
|MACALINTAL-PEREZ, EDWINA K.||May 10, 1997||Bulacnin, Lipa City||42427|
|MACAPINLAC, LEILA MAE H.||May 7, 1997||San Matias, Pampanga||41471|
|MACAPUNDAG, AMER I.||May 8, 1997||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia||41943|
|MACARIOLA, LEDWINO R.||May 7, 1997||Tacloban City||41483|
|MACASAET, ALLAN NARCISO P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42176|
|MACHICA III, ERWIN VICTORIANO A.||May 9, 1997||Eastern Samar||42389|
|MADERAZO, MARIO E.||May 7, 1997||Rosario, Batangas||41615|
|MADIANDA, ROCELES F.||May 10, 1997||Caraga, Davao Oriental||42515|
|MADRAZO, OSWALDO A. JR.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42546|
|MADROÑAL, RAMON E. JR.||May 10, 1997||Tudela, Misamis Occ.||42416|
|MAGA, MARIAN LUZ G.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41581|
|MAGALONG, ERMANDO A.||May 9, 1997||Polomolok, South Cotabato||42154|
|MAGBANUA, ENRILE M.||May 7, 1997||Cuyo, Palawan||41619|
|MAGLAMBAYAN-MURILLO, EDELYN B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41576|
|MAGPALE, JOSE PAOLO ENRIQUE A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42363|
|MAGSINO, VIVIAN H.||May 8, 1997||Lucena City||41941|
|MAJUCA II, RUPERTO P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42033|
|MALLARI, RODERICK M.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41692|
|MALLILLIN, DOUGLAS MICHAEL N.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42545|
|MANABILANG, NORAYDA G.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41797|
|MAÑALAC, GAUDENCIO RAFAEL M.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41616|
|MANALO, GERARDO R.||May 9, 1997||Tingloy, Batangas||42160|
|MANANSALA, MA. TERESA C.||May 9, 1997||Macabebe, Pampanga||42289|
|MANANTAN, EMMETT RODION O.||May 7, 1997||Baguio City||41668|
|MANDAL, PAUL ANTHONY P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42360|
|MANE, MELVIN DC.||May 7, 1997||Sta. Rosa, Laguna||41647|
|MANGLIGOT-MAURICIO, AMELITA G.||May 7, 1997||Paoay, Ilocos Norte||41511|
|MANJARES III, NORBERTO C.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41579|
|MANLAPAZ, ANAFE P.||May 7, 1997||Masbate, Masbate||41438|
|MANLAPAZ, OMAR E.||October 30, 1997||Daet, Camarines Norte||42606|
|MANUEL, ANDRES P. JR.||May 8, 1997||Balagtas, Bulacan||41819|
|MANUG, REY A.||May 9, 1997||Baganga, Davao Or.||42330|
|MANZANAL, DENNIS R.||May 8, 1997||Pasig City||42018|
|MARAVILLA, ELEONOR A.||May 10, 1997||Bobon, Northern Samar||42561|
|MARCELO, ROBERT V.||May 7, 1997||Balatucan, Looc, Romblon||41653|
|MARCOS, MARIEMEIR I.||May 7, 1997||Ramos, Tarlac||41590|
|MARIANO, MARIA ASUNCION I.||May 10, 1997||Naga City||42479|
|MARISTELA, REXIE M.||May 8, 1997||San Nicolas, Batangas||41779|
|MARQUEDA, ALFREDO A. JR.||May 9, 1997||Butuan City||42155|
|MARQUEZ, HEIDI A.||May 8, 1997||Kabugao, Kalinga-Apayao||41962|
|MARTINEZ, ELISEO L.||May 10, 1997||Dagupan City||42444|
|MARTINEZ, RAFAEL T.||May 7, 1997||Bayambang, Pangasinan||41612|
|MAS, LEONUEL N.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41730|
|MASANGKAY, LUCITA D.||May 7, 1997||Occ. Mindoro||41633|
|MASKARIÑO, FRANICO C.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41566|
|MASNAR, FERDAUSSI B.||May 7, 1997||Cavite||41645|
|MATABANG, PETER PAUL A.||May 9, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42383|
|MATIBAG, MELVIN A.||May 8, 1997||San Pablo, Laguna||41800|
|MAYOR, MA. MAYA BIEN Q.||August 8, 1997||Manila||42597|
|MAYPA, POLICARPIO V. JR.||May 7, 1997||Davao Or.||41704|
|MEDINA, ARTURO C.||May 9, 1997||San Juan, Rizal||42109|
|MEDINA, LEAH M.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41707|
|MENDOZA, GLENDA C.||May 7, 1997||Mandaluyong City||41667|
|MENDOZA, MA. ARLENE M.||May 10, 1997||Calamba, Laguna||42503|
|MENESES, GABRIEL R.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41587|
|MERCADER, ANN CLAIRE P.||May 9, 1997||Legaspi City||42177|
|MERCADO, JOSINE RUTH R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42019|
|MERCADO, MAILA L.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41937|
|MEREZ, ANGEL M. JR.||May 7, 1997||Aliaga, Nueva Ecija||41428|
|MIANO, EDEGARD C.||May 8, 1997||Tanjay, Negros Oriental||41843|
|MIGUEL, J. ERMIN ERNEST L. R.||May 9, 1997||Naga City||42288|
|MIÑA, EDITHA G.||May 9, 1997||Bangar, La Union||42243|
|MINA, HALINA V.||May 10, 1997||Caloocan City||42478|
|MIRALLES, EDILBERTO H.||May 7, 1997||Northern Samar||41596|
|MIRANDA, MARIA S.||May 9, 1997||Legaspi City||42343|
|MIRANDA, ROLANDO B.||May 8, 1997||Bamban, Tarlac||41820|
|MIRANDA-GOROSPE, DAISY A.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42534|
|MISLOS, ROSALYN D.||May 9, 1997||Capoocan, Leyte||42308|
|MISOLA, ARLENE F.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42035|
|MISON, SIEGFRED B.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42300|
|MIZONA-MEDINA, DAYANG PRECIOSA V.||May 8, 1997||Caloocan City||41777|
|MOISES, PAUL ALAIN M.||May 10, 1997||Sabangan, Mt. Province||42471|
|MOLETA, AMBROSIO N.||May 7, 1997||Gigaquit, Surigao del Norte||41737|
|MOLINA, HUBERT E.||May 8, 1997||San Manuel, Isabela||41939|
|MOLINA, RODELL A.||May 8, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||42042|
|MONDIGO, NELSON J.||May 10, 1997||Cebu City||42466|
|MONTANO, ENRICO H.||May 7, 1997||Pasay City||41516|
|MONTERO, MICHAEL DANA N.||May 8, 1997||Mandaluyong City||42025|
|MONTESA, RICARDO C. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41966|
|MONTESINO, PEARL R.||May 9, 1997||Bacolod City||42199|
|MONTOYA, RENATO G.||May 9, 1997||Marikina, Metro Manila||42141|
|MORA, NOEL A.||October 30, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42605|
|MORABE, ROWENA V.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41775|
|MORALDE, JACQUELINE C.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41950|
|MORTA, RODEL R.||May 10, 1997||Nasipit, Agusan del Norte||42555|
|MORTEJO, ANABEL S.||May 7, 1997||Koronadal, South Cotabato||41551|
|MOTAS, EVANGELINE E.||May 7, 1997||Villasis, Pangasinan||41642|
|MUÑEZ, FRANCISCO R.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41964|
|MURAKAMI, HERMINIGILDO G. JR.||May 8, 1997||Toboso, Negros Occidental||41965|
|NABAZA, DENNIS E.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41837|
|NADAL, NESTOR HUN A.||May 8, 1997||Zamboanga City||41972|
|NALUPTA, JASON C.||May 9, 1997||Batac, Ilocos Norte||42248|
|NAPIGQUIT, JULIUS C.||May 7, 1997||Dapitan City||41724|
|NARIDO, FLORENCIO A. JR.||May 9, 1997||Catarman, Camiguin||42339|
|NARVADEZ, MARIA LUISA M.||May 8, 1997||San Fernando, Romblon||41864|
|NATALARAY, JOSEPHINE MARIA E.||May 7, 1997||Bacolod City||41532|
|NAVALES, JONATHAN F.||May 8, 1997||Padada, Davao del Sur||42065|
|NAVARRO, GIOVANNI ALFRED H.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41688|
|NAVATO, JOCELYN GRACE N.||May 9, 1997||Dagupan City||42271|
|NAYA, RUSTY M.||May 9, 1997||Dagupan City||42297|
|NER, SUZETTE A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42414|
|NGA-EWNA, TERESITA C.||July 14, 1997||Bontoc, Mt. Province||42588|
|NGAYAWAN, MARVIN G.||May 8, 1997||Lagawe, Ifugao||41963|
|NICOLAS, ISAGANI LAURENCE G.||May 8, 1997||Lingayen, Pangasinan||41971|
|NILOOBAN, AL-FLO C.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42312|
|NISNISAN, MELVIN B.||May 7, 1997||Lanao del Norte||41719|
|NOBLEJAS-GARCIA, MARY CATHERINE O.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41565|
|NOBLEZA, ANA MARIE W.||May 10, 1997||Legaspi City, Albay||42467|
|NOVICIO, ARLINDO A.||May 7, 1997||Bacnotan, La Union||41472|
|NUESTRO-DE LEON, LISSA R.||May 10, 1997||Makati City||42527|
|NUEVA, MORY A.||May 7, 1997||Laoang, Northern Samar||41614|
|NUEVO, JAMES CLINTON R. C.||May 7, 1997||Ormoc City||41568|
|NUÑEZ, JOSE NEIL L. JR.||May 10, 1997||Cebu City||42447|
|OAMINAL, CLARENCE PAUL V.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42333|
|OBEJERO, JESUS S. JR.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41727|
|OBEN, MA. CLARISSA P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41848|
|OCAMPO, ORLANDO J.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41437|
|OCLARIT, ARNOLD T.||May 10, 1997||Gen. Santos City||42465|
|OCO, ATHNENA S.||May 9, 1997||Labo, Camarines Norte||42307|
|OFRECIO, SUWERTE L.||May 8, 1997||Anao, Tarlac||41911|
|OGENA, YOLANDA U.||May 10, 1997||Tacurong, Sultan Kudarat||42462|
|OJASTRO III, ANGEL R.||May 7, 1997||Camarines Sur||41546|
|OLASO, FREDERICK I.||May 9, 1997||Iriga City, Camarines Sur||42397|
|OLIVA, NONNA T.||May 7, 1997||Iriga City||41400|
|OLIVA, ROSANO A.||May 9, 1997||Aparri, Cagayan||42077|
|OLIVAS, MARIA CECILIA I.||May 8, 1997||Morong, Rizal||41824|
|OLORES, LEAH VERONICA R.||May 7, 1997||Bani, Pangasinan||41482|
|OMAÑA, HERBERT J.||May 9, 1997||Mandaluyong, Rizal||42261|
|OMOSO-DOMINGO, AIDA G.||May 8, 1997||Lamitan, Basilan||41760|
|ONA, RAMONCITO M.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41617|
|ONG, MA. MELINA V.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42364|
|ONG, MANUEL L.||May 10, 1997||Polangui, Albay||42495|
|ONG, WALTER S.||August 14, 1997||Mandaluyong, Metro Manila||42599|
|OPERARIO, FORTUNATO G. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41776|
|ORALDE, LEONOR T.||May 7, 1997||Malita, Davao del Sur||41452|
|ORFANEL, RAMON A.||May 9, 1997||Catanauan, Quezon||42269|
|ORILLANA, RAFAEL C.||May 8, 1997||Dumaguete City||42058|
|OROCIO, ERWIN JOHN R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41990|
|ORTIZ, RODELLO B.||May 9, 1997||Cabanatuan City||42321|
|OSIAS, MARVIN R.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41644|
|PAAYAS, RAUL MANUEL P.||May 7, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||41676|
|PABLICO, VIRGILIO T.||May 7, 1997||Pasay City||41431|
|PACHECO, PETER L.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42278|
|PACIENTE, WILFREDO P. JR.||May 7, 1997||Pandan, Antique||41699|
|PADAYAO, RENATO B.||May 8, 1997||Tacloban City||41841|
|PADES, BURT J.||May 9, 1997||Matalom, Leyte||42348|
|PADILLA III, AMBROSIO V.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41525|
|PADRE, ODETTE RACHELLE C.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||42043|
|PADUA, LAURA IRYNN MAY O.||May 9, 1997||Agoo, La Union||42197|
|PAGARAN, FRANCO C. JR.||May 9, 1997||Bacuag, Surigao del Norte||42341|
|PAGSIBIGAN, ANA MARIE V.||May 9, 1997||Pasig, Rizal||42119|
|PAILAGAO, ELIUD T. JR.||May 7, 1997||Cagayan de Oro City||41687|
|PAJARILLO, MICHELLE F.||May 9, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42226|
|PAJARILLO, PAUL CROMWELL D.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41900|
|PAJARITO, DARLENE R.||May 7, 1997||Zamboanga City||41527|
|PALACIOS, EUGENE M.||May 10, 1997||Iloilo City||42529|
|PALCE, ARIEL M.||May 9, 1997||Tumauini, Isabela||42294|
|PALMA, NOEL P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42161|
|PALSIW, ENRIQUE A. JR.||May 10, 1997||Sagada, Mt. Province||42481|
|PAMUTE, MA. CHERRY JOY V.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41610|
|PANER, ANNA ROSARIO V.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42501|
|PANGANIBAN, JIMMY R.||May 8, 1997||Morong, Rizal||41953|
|PANGCATAN, HASMIN I.||May 7, 1997||Saguiran, Lanao del Sur||41500|
|PANGDA, MICHAEL B.||May 10, 1997||Tabuk, Kalinga||42472|
|PANINGBATAN, ALEJANDRA P.||May 9, 1997||San Carlos City, Pangasinan||42254|
|PANLILIO, MELVIN R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42290|
|PANTALEON, OLIVER L.||May 8, 1997||San Marcelino, Zambales||41947|
|PAPA, ANNA-LI R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42186|
|PARAGUELLES, PANFILO I.||May 7, 1997||Balambang, Cebu||41680|
|PARALLAG, CECILIA B.||May 8, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||41744|
|PARDIÑAS, ERIC L.||May 10, 1997||Legaspi City||42475|
|PARDO, ALEJANDRO REY C. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42225|
|PAREDES, HILARIO B.||May 8, 1997||Bangued, Abra||42029|
|PARRILLA, RUTHER CRIS A.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42245|
|PASAY, SUSANA L.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41562|
|PASCUA, ARNOLD F.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41869|
|PASCUA, VALENTIN L. JR.||May 10, 1997||Sta. Marcela, Apayao||42424|
|PASCUAL, MELVIN S.||May 10, 1997||Gen. Tinio, Nueva Ecija||42510|
|PATRICIO, ROEL V.||May 7, 1997||Pontevedra, Capiz||41415|
|PAVIA, YOLANDA G.||May 9, 1997||Tondo, Manila||42258|
|PE, JOEL U.||May 7, 1997||Araceli, Palawan||41662|
|PEDROZA, ROLANDO N.||May 9, 1997||Medellin, Cebu||42210|
|PEÑAFLOR, ERNESTO L.||May 9, 1997||Brgy. Rizal I, Calbayog City||42169|
|PERALTA, GLENN ERIC L.||May 7, 1997||Pagadian City||41689|
|PERALTA, RENATO V.||May 8, 1997||San Isidro, Nueva Ecija||41772|
|PEREZ, GIRLIE O.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41529|
|PEREZ, MA. EVITA LORELEI C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42132|
|PERGAMINO, GLENN P.||May 9, 1997||Tagbilaran City||42385|
|PERIA, ELPIDIO V.||May 8, 1997||Cotabato City||41873|
|PEROLINO, CHRISTINE T.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41786|
|PESQUERA, JOCELYN G.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41671|
|PESTOLANTE, ALFONSO C.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41447|
|PETERO, CARLOS C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41611|
|PICAR, IMELDA L.||May 7, 1997||Caba, La Union||41732|
|PICARDAL, LIZA MARIE R.||May 7, 1997||Oras, Eastern Samar||41670|
|PICAZO, MA. ALICIA G.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42244|
|PIEDAD, ERNESTO A. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42316|
|PILAPIL, ARLENE G.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41715|
|PILASPILAS, MARIO R.||May 8, 1997||Sta. Catalina, Ilocos Sur||41921|
|PINEDA, RODOLFO GERONIMO M.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42320|
|PISCO, RHAPSODY P.||May 9, 1997||Gen. E. Aguinaldo, Cavite||42192|
|POLVORA, MAPHILINDO T.||May 8, 1997||Kabankalan, Negros Occidental||41861|
|PONCE, TAGUMPAY B.||May 10, 1997||Balagtas, Bulacan||42418|
|PONFERRADA, IGMEDIO JUNJI E.||May 9, 1997||Tacloban City||42179|
|POOT, MARY JANETH P.||May 9, 1997||Ligao, Albay||42262|
|POOTEN, BASILIO B.||May 9, 1997||Sagad, Mt. Province||42381|
|PORCIUNCULA, JOHN DEREK N.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41502|
|PRAXEDES, MICHAEL M.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||41989|
|PRECLARO, ARMANDO R.||May 8, 1997||Caloocan City||41919|
|PRIMICIAS, MARLYN L.||May 7, 1997||Tayug, Pangasinan||41672|
|PRODIGALIDAD, PATRICIA-ANN T.||May 8, 1997||Brooklyn, New York, U.S. A.||41892|
|PROTASIO, MARY JENNIFER A.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41942|
|PROVIDO, JUDE ELIEZER P.||May 10, 1997||Mina, Iloilo||42533|
|PUA, ERNESTO O.||May 10, 1997||Ilagan, Isabela||42513|
|PUDAY, JERRY C.||May 10, 1997||Baguio City||42474|
|PUDPUD, NEIL C.||May 10, 1997||Banganga, Davao Oriental||42512|
|PULOHANAN, GERRY E.||May 10, 1997||Igbaras, Iloilo||42449|
|PUNZALAN, ARNOLD B.||May 10, 1997||Bauan, Batangas||42483|
|PUNZALAN, PERRY ANTHONY M.||May 8, 1997||Baliuag, Bulacan||42054|
|PUNZALAN, RICHARD O.||May 10, 1997||Gloria, Oriental Mindoro||42468|
|QUEBRAL, MARIA ELENA A.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||42009|
|QUEJADA II, ELPIDIO R.||May 10, 1997||Western Samar||42464|
|QUIAMBAO, NOLIBIEN N.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42295|
|QUIJANO, ROGEL F.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42395|
|QUILANTANG-FRESNIDO, MA. ZAIDA||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41550|
|QUIMBOY, JOSE MARIE A.||May 8, 1997||Dagupan City||41763|
|QUIMOSING, GERALDINE V.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42539|
|QUINITIO-SAMODAL, MYLA G.||May 7, 1997||Koronadal, South Cotabato||41459|
|QUIRANTE, LEONIDES FRANCIS F.||May 10, 1997||Balamban, Cebu||42463|
|QUIROZ, ROBERTO P.||May 7, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||41543|
|QUIZEO, ROBERTO D.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41427|
|RABOR, RITZEL C.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41463|
|RABUYA, ELMER T.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42458|
|RAFALLO, ELMA M.||May 10, 1997||Caloocan City||42528|
|RAFOLS, WILLIAM GLEN L.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41812|
|RAGAS, BUTCH DONABEL A.||May 9, 1997||Bayugan, Agusan del Sur||42345|
|RAGAZA, FERDINAND M.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41835|
|RAGINIO, ROSELYN M.||May 10, 1997||Ligban, Camalig, Albay||42489|
|RALLA, PETER LEO M.||May 10, 1997||Catanduanes||42419|
|RAMAS, ANALYN F.||May 7, 1997||General Santos City||41678|
|RAMIREZ, MARLYN R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42285|
|RAMIREZ, MICHAEL C.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41594|
|RAMIREZ-ZAPANTA, LOURDES G.||May 7, 1997||Lobo, Batangas||41582|
|RAMISCAL, JOVY ANN M.||May 9, 1997||Pasay City||42171|
|RAMOS, ALEXANDER P.||May 10, 1997||Laoag City||42520|
|RAMOS, ARTHUR C.||May 7, 1997||Cabanatuan City||41504|
|RAMOS, BOOTS A.||May 8, 1997||Binangonan, Rizal||41986|
|RAMOS, DINDO C.||May 7, 1997||Catbalogan, Samar||41740|
|RAMOS, RICARDO MIGUEL S.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41998|
|RAMOS, VISPOCIOUS I. JR.||May 7, 1997||Kalamansig, Cotabato||41700|
|RANOCO, CARLITO B.||May 8, 1997||Butuan City||41866|
|REAL, PARIS G.||May 13, 1997||Daraga, Albay||42574|
|REBANO, JOSEPH MANOLO R.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42283|
|REGONDOLA, PHILIP RONALD P.||May 9, 1997||San Pablo City||42409|
|RELAMIDA, IBARO B. JR.||June 9, 1997||Dangcagan, Bukidnon||42580|
|RELATIVO, JUNNEL M.||May 8, 1997||Bula, Camarines Sur||41945|
|REMENDADO, ALICIA S.||May 7, 1997||Guinobatan, Albay||41450|
|REMO, ANTONIO M. JR.||May 7, 1997||Moises Padilla, Negros Occidental||41442|
|REYES, ALAN JOSE A.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41762|
|REYES, ARIES TRISTAN A.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41484|
|REYES, DOMINGO Y. JR.||May 7, 1997||Noveleta, Cavite||41420|
|REYES, FATIMA S.||May 9, 1997||Tacloban City||42268|
|REYES, LORNA O.||May 7, 1997||Tabaco, Albay||41622|
|REYES, MELISSA B.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41639|
|REYES, MILLICENT N.||May 10, 1997||Lucena City||42544|
|REYES-AGLAUA, RACQUEL C.||May 10, 1997||Pudtol, Kalinga Apayao||42421|
|REYNO, ALFONSO VICTORIO G.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42046|
|RIEGO, JULES E.||May 9, 1997||Sta. Cruz, Manila||42313|
|RIEGO DE DIOS, MARIA RACHEL V.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||42011|
|RIEL, TEODORO REY S. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41904|
|RIGOROSO, TEDDY ESTEBAN F.||May 9, 1997||Iriga City||42240|
|RILLORAZA, MA. CRISTINA P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41792|
|RIPALDA, LOLITA D.||May 9, 1997||Tacloban City||42361|
|RIVERA, NOEL FRANCIS N.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41766|
|RIVERA, SOCRATES R.||May 7, 1997||Iraya Sur, Oas Albay||41432|
|ROA, MARY ANNE B.||May 9, 1997||San Fernando, Pampanga||42149|
|ROBREDO, MA. LEONOR G.||May 7, 1997||Naga City||41533|
|RODRIGUEZ, FELIX B. JR.||May 8, 1997||Claveria, Cagayan||41991|
|RODRIGUEZ, IGNATIUS LOYOLA A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42396|
|RODRIGUEZ, YVETTE MARIE G.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41805|
|ROJAS, HENRY S.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||42023|
|ROMANO, JOSIELYN A.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42428|
|ROQUE, CARLITO M.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42088|
|ROQUE, LUVINA P.||May 9, 1997||Santiago, Isabela||42370|
|ROSADA, FERDINAND U.||May 7, 1997||Iloilo City||41706|
|ROSALES, LEO L.||May 10, 1997||Butuan City||42541|
|ROSARIO, CONRADO C.||May 9, 1997||Bugallon, Pangasinan||42314|
|ROSARIO, MA. LUISA V.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42022|
|ROXAS, ARMIN L.||May 10, 1997||Tanauan, Batangas||42564|
|ROXAS, KIM P.||May 9, 1997||Parañaque, Metro Manila||42413|
|RUBANG, EMMYLOU V.||May 10, 1997||Candon, Ilocos Sur||42431|
|RUBIA, VIVIAN G.||May 8, 1997||Digos, Davao del Sur||42047|
|RUBIO, FRANCIS ALLAN A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42303|
|RUIZ, RACQUEL T.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42138|
|RUIZ II, ALFONSO C.||July 14, 1997||Quezon City||42593|
|SAAVEDRA, AILEEN PAULETTE P.||May 8, 1997||Iloilo City||41996|
|SAAVEDRA, VICENTE U.||May 8, 1997||Ozamiz City, Misamis Occidental||41743|
|SABUGA-A, CHARLITO A.||May 7, 1997||Balingasag, Misamis Oriental||41575|
|SADULLO, JOHN R.||May 9, 1997||San Juan, Rizal||42274|
|SADURAL, ERICK A.||May 8, 1997||Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija||41781|
|SAGA, KATHLEEN L.||May 9, 1997||Makati City||42190|
|SAGADAL, OMAR L.||August 18, 1997||Manila||42600|
|SAGISI-PARRAS, MYLENE JOY A.||May 10, 1997||Tabuk, Kalinga Apayao||42453|
|SAGUIL, ELEONOR C.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41891|
|SAJOR, CONRADO P.||May 7, 1997||San Fernando, Pampanga||41436|
|SAJOR, JOEY EDGAR F. JR.||May 8, 1997||Cabadbaran, Agusan del Norte||42050|
|SALANGO, PANFILO U. JR.||May 9, 1997||Baguio City||42338|
|SALAZAR, HENRY B.||May 7, 1997||Sta. Teresita, Batangas||41702|
|SALAZAR, LENY B.||May 7, 1997||Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, Cavite||41521|
|SALAZAR-QUIRANTE, ANGELITA P.||May 8, 1997||Bacnotan, La Union||41951|
|SALE, JONATHAN P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42084|
|SALINDONG, DANILO F.||May 9, 1997||Pasig City||42121|
|SALLE, KARINNA R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42236|
|SALUDAGA, MARIETTA B.||May 9, 1997||Lavezares, Northern Samar||42317|
|SALUMBIDES, BELEN O.||May 8, 1997||Lopez, Quezon||41742|
|SALVADO, RONALDO P.||May 9, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42326|
|SALVADOR, EMMA S.||May 9, 1997||Sorsogon, Sorsogon||42107|
|SALVE, REYNALDO T.||May 9, 1997||Baybay, Leyte||42075|
|SAN JOSE, MILAGROS SARAH P.||May 9, 1997||Makati City||42394|
|SANCHEZ, CARMELITA T.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41952|
|SANCHEZ, FEDERICO S.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41480|
|SANDICHO, EMMANUEL E.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42246|
|SANDOVAL, SHY MARIE C.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42172|
|SANTIAGO, AMORMIO C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42188|
|SANTOS, GUIA MARGARITA Y.||May 9, 1997||Makati City||42163|
|SANTOS, MA. MYLA RAE M.||May 10, 1997||Dumaguete City||42456|
|SANTOS, MA. ROSARIO T.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42484|
|SANTOS, MARITESS C.||May 8, 1997||Angeles City||41833|
|SANTOS, WILFREDO M.||May 10, 1997||Baguio City||42559|
|SAPALO, JESSICA S.||May 8, 1997||San Joaquin, Iloilo||41958|
|SARMIENTO, GREGORIO M. JR.||May 7, 1997||Virac, Catanduanes||41560|
|SARMIENTO, WILLIE B.||May 10, 1997||Bansud, Oriental Mindoro||42554|
|SARVIDA, LEO E.||May 9, 1997||Langtad, Argao, Cebu||42234|
|SAYAS, FELIPE O.||May 8, 1997||Lipa City||41886|
|SAZON, ANNA CARIDAD S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42105|
|SEBASTIAN, MARIA LIZA T.||May 9, 1997||Zamboanga City||42405|
|SEDILLO, CZAR CIRO W.||May 7, 1997||Guihulngan, Negros Oriental||41503|
|SEGUERRA, MANUEL C.||May 9, 1997||Tagkawayan, Quezon||42135|
|SEGUI, ELISEO S.||May 7, 1997||Libon, Albay||41444|
|SELVA, PAULO S.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41588|
|SERAFIN, JUAN D.||May 7, 1997||Pio V. Corpus, Masbate||41621|
|SERRANO, JOCELYN ISABEL J.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42452|
|SESCON, ELMER A.||May 9, 1997||Tacloban City||42327|
|SHENG, PAUL C.||May 7, 1997||Daet, Camarines Norte||41426|
|SIA, RANY M.||May 9, 1997||Milagros, Masbate||42102|
|SIANGHIO-BAAC, MARIA TERESA S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42231|
|SIMPLICIANO, HEHERSON ALNOR G.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41456|
|SINENSE, MA. CELIA P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41995|
|SISON, MA. ROWENA M.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42140|
|SISON, MILDO FLOR C.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||42010|
|SOLAIMAN, KIRAM K.||May 8, 1997||Cotabato City||41880|
|SOLANA, GLENN F.||May 7, 1997||Sta. Cruz, Davao del Sur||41409|
|SOLANO, MYRA-LYN B.||May 8, 1997||Mandaluyong||41790|
|SOLIS, MELEA B.||May 10, 1997||Bula, Camarines Sur||42445|
|SORIANO, ISIDORO L. JR.||May 9, 1997||Muntinlupa, Rizal||42128|
|SORIANO, MA. GRACE LECHELLE P.||May 7, 1997||San Carlos City||41665|
|SORIANO, MARIA VICTORIA A.||May 8, 1997||Makati City||41894|
|SORIANO, RODERICK R.||May 8, 1997||Olongapo City||41749|
|SORIAO, GLORIA G.||May 8, 1997||Pasig City||41910|
|SORRERA-TY, JOSEFE C.||May 8, 1997||Butuan City||42064|
|SOSA, SIMPLICIO M. JR.||May 7, 1997||Allacapan, Cagayan||41716|
|SUAREZ, ANTHONY SUZETTE V.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41877|
|SUAYAN, SOCRATES T.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||41961|
|SUBIDO, MA.CECILIA P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42412|
|SUELLO, JOSELITO TROY G.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41608|
|SUMILHIG, VICENTE G.||May 9, 1997||Barotac, Nuevo, Iloilo||42083|
|SUMUGAT-QUIÑONES, LEONOR||May 9, 1997||San Fernando, Pampanga||42325|
|SUNTAY, JESUS MANUEL C.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41663|
|SUYO, MA. JOSEFINA JADE A.||May 7, 1997||Baguio City||41508|
|SYQUIA, JOSE LUIS C.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42291|
|TAALA, STEPHEN Z.||May 9, 1997||Malaybalay, Bukidnon||42221|
|TABAQUIN, FRANKLIN M. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42265|
|TABILAS, EDERLINO U.||May 10, 1997||Ballesteros, Cagayan||42563|
|TABLANG, JUANCHO DAVID R.||May 8, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42002|
|TABO, ANITA R.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42031|
|TABUZO, JOHAN A.||May 8, 1997||Buguey, Cagayan||41838|
|TALAMPAS, RAQUEL L.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41424|
|TALAO, ROY PHILIPPE R.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41956|
|TALDE, ALWIN C.||May 9, 1997||Sorsogon||42324|
|TALENS, RAFAEL D. JR.||May 8, 1997||Carmen, Cebu City||41801|
|TALOSIG, WANDA M.||May 8, 1997||Cabagan, Isabela||41750|
|TAMANO, ADEL FADEL A.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42548|
|TAMBAGO, REGINO B. JR.||May 7, 1997||Masbate, Masbate||41556|
|TAMBUANG, REMLANE M.||May 10, 1997||Davao Or.||42460|
|TAN, JOSE DOMINGO L.||May 8, 1997||Calauag, Quezon||41940|
|TAN, LIZA C.||May 7, 1997||Davao City||41449|
|TAN, MARIA LIANNE B.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42367|
|TAN, OSCAR MARIA H. JR.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41470|
|TAN, SAMSON S.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42174|
|TAN, YASMIN SUZETTE DJ.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41821|
|TAN-SANTOS, ANA L.||May 8, 1997||South Cotabato||41868|
|TANCHUAN, JERRY A.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42125|
|TANCIOCO, LODY Q.||May 9, 1997||Ballesteros, Cagayan||42099|
|TANGARO, MARIA NORINA S.||May 7, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||41476|
|TANGHAL, RINA PAULINE E.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41930|
|TANJUAQUIO-AGUSTIN, ARLENE JOAN R.||May 8, 1997||Samal, Bataan||41997|
|TANLU, LAWRENCE JOSEPH L.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42310|
|TANTE, REYNALDO G.||May 7, 1997||Bocaue, Bulacan||41600|
|TAPULAO, JIMAR Z.||May 9, 1997||Tuguegarao, Cagayan||42116|
|TAQUED, GARDY S.||May 9, 1997||La Union||42334|
|TECSON III, CONSTANTINE C.||May 7, 1997||Don Carlos, Bukidnon||41669|
|TEJADA-VILLANUEVA, MARILOU B.||May 8, 1997||Dingras, Ilocos Norte||41816|
|TEJANO, IVY A.||July 7, 1997||La Paz, Leyte||42583|
|TEJOSO, CIRILO Q. JR.||May 8, 1997||Sta. Cruz, Occidental Mindoro||41944|
|TEMPROSA, JOY CARMINA E.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41967|
|TENSUAN, JOSE MARTIN R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42302|
|TEPACE, ROSA LEAH L.||May 7, 1997||Laoang, Northern Samar||41474|
|TEVES, BEATRIZ G.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41832|
|TEVES, JOHN GARY U.||May 10, 1997||Davao City||42451|
|THOMAS, ANALIZA O.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41490|
|TIAMSON, ERWIN L.||May 8, 1997||Angono, Rizal||42067|
|TILLAH-ALASCO, GRACE C.||May 9, 1997||Koronadal, South Cotabato||42224|
|TILLANO, JOSE NILO C.||May 9, 1997||Cebu City||42257|
|TILOS, JESSICA N.||May 7, 1997||Dapitan City||41553|
|TIONGSON, EVANGELINE V.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42080|
|TIZON, ELVIE ANN B.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42165|
|TODAS, JOSE NELSON C.||May 8, 1997||Sta. Cruz, Ilocos Sur||41884|
|TOLOSA, AILEEN SARAH MARIA T.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41803|
|TORALLO, ELIAS A. JR.||May 10, 1997||Camarines Sur||42455|
|TORRIJOS, RONALD Q.||May 8, 1997||Manila||42034|
|TORRIZO, VIVIEN CATHERINE C. S.||May 8, 1997||Cebu City||41872|
|TRAZO, FRANKLIN NOEL P.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41564|
|TRIA, HERBERT A.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41983|
|TRIAMBULO, ALFEGAR M.||May 9, 1997||Sindangan, Zamboanga del Norte||42148|
|TRINIDAD, MARIANO MIGUEL M.||May 9, 1997||Iriga City||42336|
|TRISTE, ELMO STEPHEN P.||May 9, 1997||Tacloban City||42275|
|TUA, RALPH P.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41580|
|TUAZON, ALBERTO R.||May 7, 1997||Balanga, Bataan||41488|
|TULDAGUE, JESSIE W.||May 10, 1997||La Trinidad, Benguet||42558|
|TUMACOLE, JOSEPH V.||May 8, 1997||Dumaguete City||42059|
|UBARRA, MANUEL T. JR.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42362|
|UMALI, MARCO E.||May 8, 1997||Daraga, Albay||41845|
|UMALI, RAFAEL VICENTE P.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41924|
|UMIPIG, ADORACION R.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42266|
|UMPA, ALDOHNNE R.||May 9, 1997||Marawi City||42315|
|UNDALOK, JEROME A.||May 7, 1997||Malita, Davao del Sur||41712|
|UNTARAN III, SILVESTRE C.||May 7, 1997||San Jose, Antique||41697|
|UY, ALMA R.||May 10, 1997||Samar||42491|
|UY, ANA LEA H.||May 9, 1997||Cotabato City||42142|
|VALDENARRO, ROMER PIO R.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41606|
|VALENCIA, JOSE B.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41765|
|VALENCIA, MA. CRISTINA BARBARA N.||May 8, 1997||Baguio City||42012|
|VALENCIA, MA. EMMA A.||May 7, 1997||Lucena City||41460|
|VALERA, JOSE RORY D.||May 8, 1997||Magsilay, Pasil, Kalinga-Apayao||42052|
|VALEZA, MA. JUANA S.||May 9, 1997||Virac, Catanduanes||42101|
|VALLE, ARNOLD L.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41714|
|VALLES, JOSE RONALD V.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42281|
|VALLES, RAYMUND V.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42123|
|VALLO, LILY DV.||May 7, 1997||Pozorrubio, Pangasinan||41613|
|VALMORIA, RANULFO C.||May 7, 1997||Talibon, Bohol||41469|
|VALMORIA, VITALIANO A.||May 7, 1997||San Agustin, Talibon, Bohol||41698|
|VARGAS, MICHAEL E.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41977|
|VARQUEZ, LAEBETH L.||May 7, 1997||Tagbilaran City||41708|
|VASQUEZ, LEAH ANGELI B.||May 9, 1997||Libon, Albay||42206|
|VEDAN, JOEL B.||May 7, 1997||Amadeo, Cavite||41441|
|VEGA II, PETER S.||May 7, 1997||Legaspi City||41571|
|VELASCO, EMMANUEL Z. JR.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41870|
|VELASCO, MA. ANTHONETTE C.||May 7, 1997||Malinao, Albay||41609|
|VELAYO, BABY M.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41410|
|VELICARIA, ANTHONY RODNEY M.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41949|
|VELOSO, MARNIE NATHALIE D.||May 8, 1997||Tacloban City||41759|
|VELOSO, NIEL ANTHONY B.||May 7, 1997||Quezon City||41486|
|VENTURINA, JOHN VOLTAIRE C.||May 8, 1997||Cabanatuan City||41747|
|VERADIO, REUBEN RITZUKO T.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||41844|
|VERGARA, GARY B.||May 9, 1997||Cotabato||42407|
|VERGARA, SARAH JO A.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41403|
|VERMUG, BENJAMIN S. JR.||May 8, 1997||Tarlac, Tarlac||41925|
|VERZOSA, CARIDEL P.||August 8, 1997||Manila||42598|
|VICTORINO, EMMANUEL M.||May 10, 1997||Pasig City||42573|
|VICTORIO, VAFECERTE S.||November 13, 1997||Manila||42607|
|VIDA, FREDDERICK A.||May 9, 1997||Trece Martirez, Cavite||42089|
|VIERNEZA, MONINA V.||May 8, 1997||Biñan, Laguna||42020|
|VIGO, NEITH T.||May 8, 1997||Catanduanes||41959|
|VILA, MAUREEN T.||May 8, 1997||Malasiqui, Pangasinan||42036|
|VILCHEZ, MA. GLADYS C.||May 8, 1997||Legaspi City||41852|
|VILLA, CATHERINE B.||May 10, 1997||Quezon City||42440|
|VILLA, MARLEAF C.||May 9, 1997||Misamis Occ.||42335|
|VILLACORTA, CLETO R. III||May 7, 1997||Dagupan City||41605|
|VILLAHERMOSA, OBDULIO GUY D. III||May 7, 1997||Dumaguete City||41549|
|VILLALON, VIVIAN V.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42219|
|VILLAMERO, AURORA P.||May 9, 1997||Pagadian City||42127|
|VILLANUEVA, JOCELYN M.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41655|
|VILLANUEVA, MARIA ROSARIO T.||May 7, 1997||Manila||41599|
|VILLANUEVA, MARIA ZARAH R.||May 8, 1997||Boac, Marinduque||42053|
|VILLANUEVA, VILMA HILDA D.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41901|
|VILLANUEVA, ZENDY M.||May 9, 1997||Pola, Oriental Mindoro||42085|
|VILLAR, JOCELYN C.||May 9, 1997||Dagupan City||42309|
|VILLARDO III, JESUS A.||May 7, 1997||Palompon, Leyte||41713|
|VILLAREAL, GENEROSO ALEJO P.||May 8, 1997||Guinobatan, Albay||41741|
|VILLEGAS, JAY R.||May 8, 1997||Morong, Rizal||41787|
|VILLEGAS, SALVADOR R. JR.||May 8, 1997||Naga City||41887|
|VISAYA, BASILIO O. JR.||May 8, 1997||Balaoan, La Union||41916|
|VITERBO, FRAIZERWIN V.||May 8, 1997||Nueva Ecija||41856|
|YABUT, MARIA OLIVIA T.||May 9, 1997||Caloocan City||42112|
|YAP, WEALTHYNEIL C.||May 9, 1997||Kidapawan, Cotabato||42091|
|YARANON, GREGORIO M. JR.||May 8, 1997||Calbayog City||41918|
|YAZAR, HIGINIO C.||May 10, 1997||Leyte||42415|
|YBAÑEZ, SIEGFRIED A.||May 7, 1997||Masbate, Masbate||41563|
|YBAÑEZ, YUSEFF YARDLEY CESAR C. JR.||May 7, 1997||Dumaguete City||41466|
|YLAGAN IV, CELSO VIRGILIO C.||May 9, 1997||Quezon City||42193|
|YSAAC, HENRY GERALD P. JR.||May 7, 1997||Naga City||41421|
|YU, JANE E.||May 8, 1997||Manila||41899|
|YU, LEWIS||May 7, 1997||Manila||41517|
|ZABANAL, LIEZEIL L.||May 9, 1997||Agutaya, Palawan||42215|
|ZAFRA, CHRIS ALLAN P.||May 9, 1997||Manila||42156|
|ZAGALA, PETER FRANCIS G.||May 8, 1997||Davao City||42044|
|ZAMORA, CHARITO A.||May 10, 1997||Manila||42500|
|ZAMORA, CONSUELO MARIA M.||May 8, 1997||Quezon City||41773|
|ZAMORA, JOJE A.||May 7, 1997||Cebu City||41693|
|ZERNA, CHRISTINE L.||May 10, 1997||San Fernando, Pampanga||42549|
|ZOZOBRADO, RACHEL P.||May 9, 1997||Davao City||42151|
|ZULUETA, ALAN D.||May 10, 1997||Bacolod City||42426|
Also try lawyers tagged “enrolled in 1997″.
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